Recent Submissions

  • Social Capital and Student Achievement: An Intervention-Based Test of Theory 

    Gamoran, Adam; Miller, Hannah K.; Fiel, Jeremy E.; Valentine, Jessa Lewis (2021)
    Social capital is widely cited as benefiting children’s school performance, but close inspection of existing research yields inconsistent findings. Focusing on intergenerational closure among parents of children in the same school, this article draws from a field experiment to test the effects of social capital on children’s achievement in reading ...
  • Relational Segregation: A Structural View of Categorical Relations 

    Fiel, Jeremy E. (2021)
    This article builds a framework for a relational approach to segregation that emphasizes structures of interactions, transactions, and ties between and within social categories. Rather than explaining segregation with dominants imposing formal rules or homophilic people sorting themselves, I highlight segregation's emergence amid dueling control ...
  • Divergent Residential Pathways from Flood-Prone Areas: How Neighborhood Inequalities Are Shaping Urban Climate Adaptation 

    Elliott, James; Loughran, Kevin; Brown, Phylicia Lee; Department of Sociology (2021)
    Flood risks are rising across the United States, putting the economic and social values of growing numbers of homes at risk. In response, the federal government is funding the purchase and demolition of housing in areas of greatest jeopardy, tacitly promoting residential resettlement as a strategy of climate adaptation, especially in cities. Despite ...
  • Navigating Religion Online: Jewish and Muslim Responses to Social Media 

    Ferguson, Jauhara; Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Rothschild, Connor (2021)
    Although social media use among religious communities is proliferating, significant gaps remain in our understanding of how religious minorities perceive social media in relation to their faith and community. Thus, we ask how individuals use religion to frame moral attitudes around social media for Jews and Muslims. Specifically, how does social media ...
  • The very ivory tower: pathways reproducing racial-ethnic stratification in US academic science 

    Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Salazar, Esmeralda Sánchez; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    We theorized that income racial-ethnic stratification among academic scientists is perpetuated by inequality of scientific capital including institutional prestige, research funding, publishing, and tenure. We tested our model with original survey data of US biologists and physicists (n = 1,160). Findings indicated that white scientists reported ...
  • Polarized Scientists? Exploring Political Differences about Religion and Science among U.S. Biologists and Physicists 

    Mehta, Sharan Kaur; Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    From the Texas textbook debate to the March for Science, visible displays of activism illuminate how deeply politicized the science‐religion interface has become. However, little is known about the extent to which scientists’ attitudes about science and religion are politicized. Using original survey data from 1,989 U.S. academic biologists and ...
  • Determinants of Confidence in U.S. Institutions: Comparing Congress and Corporations 

    Bolger, Daniel; Thomson, Robert Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    Objectives: The political discourse surrounding the 2016 U.S. presidential election highlighted discontent with both Congress and corporations, a reality corroborated in recent scholarship highlighting declines in institutional confidence among U.S. citizens. Here we test theories of institutional confidence to understand the social and cultural ...
  • Individuals’ Experiences with Religious Hostility, Discrimination, and Violence: Findings from a New National Survey 

    Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2020)
    While concerns about the consequences of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, and other forms of religious bias have grown in the past several years, the data available to examine these issues have been limited. This study utilizes new data from a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults featuring oversamples of key religious minority groups and an ...
  • From Secular to Sacred: Bringing Work to Church 

    Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Schneider, Rachel C. (2020)
    Work and faith are significant life commitments for many people. Understanding how people integrate these facets of life is important for scholars, faith leaders, and religious communities. We use data from Faith at Work: An Empirical Study, which includes a U.S. general population survey (n = 13,270) and in-depth interviews. Drawing data from a ...
  • The Role of Prosocial Behavior in Promoting Physical Activity, as an Indicator of Resilience, in a Low-Income Neighborhood 

    Moore, Quianta L.; Kulesza, Christopher; Kimbro, Rachel; Flores, Daphne; Jackson, Felicia (2020)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prosocial behavior on physical activity, as an indicator of resilience, in a low-income neighborhood with adverse built environment and social conditions. Resilience is an important factor that promotes the ability for individuals to overcome hardships, and understanding resilience as it relates ...
  • A Nationally Representative Survey of Faith and Work: Demographic Subgroup Differences around Calling and Conflict 

    Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Bolger, Daniel; Johnson, Laura (2020)
    Research has increasingly highlighted the importance of business leaders allowing people to bring their whole selves to work. And religion is an important part of the whole self for many. However, we lack the large-scale national data needed to explore how Americans see the connections between religion and work. Here, from “Faith at Work: An Empirical ...
  • Education and health: The joint role of gender and sexual identity 

    Zhang, Zhe; Solazzo, Alexa; Gorman, Bridget K. (2020)
    Background: Prior research has found that education's association with health can differ by social positions such as gender. Yet, none of the existing work has tested whether the relationship between education and self-rated health is equivalent across sexual orientation groups, and additionally, if these associations differ for men and women. Deploying ...
  • Indian Scientists' Definitions of Religion and Spirituality 

    Khalsa, Simranjit; Kalinowski, Brenton D.; Howard Ecklund, Elaine (2020)
    Scientists are often assumed to be irreligious and little research has examined the role of religion and spirituality in their lives. Recent research shows that many scientists do articulate a commitment to the sacred and see religion and spirituality as influencing their work. However, we lack a basic understanding of how scientists define religion ...
  • Can Religiosity Be Explained by ‘Brain Wiring’? An Analysis of US Adults’ Opinions 

    Mehta, Sharan Kaur; Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2019)
    Studies examining how religion shapes individuals’ attitudes about science have focused heavily on a narrow range of topics, such as evolution. This study expands this literature by looking at how religion influences individuals’ attitudes towards the claim that neuroscience, or “brain wiring,” can explain differences in religiosity. Our analysis of ...
  • Family poverty and neighborhood poverty: Links with children's school readiness before and after the Great Recession 

    Wolf, Sharon; Magnuson, Katherine A.; Kimbro, Rachel T. (2017)
    This paper examines how neighborhood and family poverty predict children's academic skills and classroom behavior at school entry, and whether associations have changed over a period of twelve years spanning the Great Recession. Utilizing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten 1998 and 2010 cohorts and combined with data from the U.S. ...
  • Communication flows and the durability of a transnational social field 

    Verdery, Ashton M.; Mouw, Ted; Edelblute, Heather; Chavez, Sergio (2018)
    We draw on unique data on communication flows between migrants and non-migrants in a bi-national, cross-border social network to test competing theories of the process of social incorporation. While advocates of the assimilation perspective argue that social incorporation is largely a one-way street, a recent literature on immigrant transnationalism ...
  • Urban Ecology in the Time of Climate Change: Houston, Flooding, and the Case of Federal Buyouts 

    Loughran, Kevin; Elliott, James R.; Kennedy, S. Wright (2019)
    This study proposes a shift in sociology’s approach to urban ecology. Rather than foreground the social ecologies that captivated the Chicago and Los Angeles Schools, we join and extend more recent efforts to engage environmental ecologies that successively intersect with those social ecologies over time. To ground our approach, we focus on areas of ...
  • Mitigation Strategies to Protect Petrochemical Infrastructure and Nearby Communities during Storm Surge 

    Bernier, Carl; Kameshwar, Sabarethinam; Elliott, James R.; Padgett, Jamie E.; Bedient, Philip B. (2018)
    This paper explores engineering- and social science-based strategies to mitigate risks posed by aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) during storm events. The Houston Ship Channel (HSC) is used as a case study to illustrate the application of an integrated model of built-human-natural systems and evaluate the viability of alternative risk mitigation ...
  • Place, Space, and Racially Unequal Exposures to Pollution at Home and Work 

    Elliott, James R.; Smiley, Kevin T. (2019)
    Research on racial inequalities in exposure to industrial pollution in U.S. metropolitan areas typically focuses on places of residence, ignoring the fact that most people work and commute to other areas to do so. To investigate what these daily commutes mean for understanding place- and space-based disparities in exposure, we merge federally compiled ...
  • The Sociological Determination: A Reflexive Look at Conducting Local Disaster Research after Hurricane Katrina 

    Haney, Timothy J.; Elliott, James R. (2013)
    This paper examines the process of collecting data on New Orleanians affected by Hurricane Katrina. It does so by focusing upon the experiences of local researchers who were simultaneously conducting research on and within the disaster. It also documents one research team’s attempt to generate a random sample of residents from several New Orleans ...

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