Now showing items 1-20 of 43

    • Recovering a Basic Space from Issue Scales in R 

      Poole, Keith T.; Lewis, Jeffrey B.; Rosenthal, Howard; Lo, James; Carroll, Royce (2016)
      basicspace is an R package that conducts Aldrich-McKelvey and Blackbox scaling to recover estimates of the underlying latent dimensions of issue scale data. We illustrate several applications of the package to survey data ...
    • Context and Political Knowledge: Explaining Cross-National Variation in Partisan Left-Right Knowledge 

      Fortunato, David; Stevenson, Randolph T.; Vonnahme, Greg (2016)
      We present a theory that links variation in aggregate levels of political knowledge across countries and over time to corresponding differences in the political context in which voters become (or do not become) informed. ...
    • Group-Level Selection Increases Cooperation in the Public Goods Game 

      Eckel, Catherine C.; Fatas, Enrique; Godoy, Sara; Wilson, Rick K. (2016)
      When groups compete for resources, some groups will be more successful than others, forcing out less successful groups. Group-level selection is the most extreme form of group competition, where the weaker group ceases to ...
    • Group-Level Selection Increases Cooperation in the Public Goods Game 

      Eckel, Catherine C.; Fatas, Enrique; Godoy, Sara; Wilson, Rick K. (2016)
      When groups compete for resources, some groups will be more successful than others, forcing out less successful groups. Group-level selection is the most extreme form of group competition, where the weaker group ceases to ...
    • Careful Commitments: Democratic States and Alliance Design 

      Chiba, Daina; Johnson, Jesse C.; Leeds, Brett Ashley (2015)
      Evidence suggests that leaders of democratic states experience high costs from violating past commitments. We argue that because democratic leaders foresee the costs of violation, they are careful to design agreements they ...
    • Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy 

      Stein, Robert M. (2015)
      What steps can and do local election officials take to prepare for and respond to natural disasters and emergencies that impede and disrupt the operation of scheduled elections? How efficacious are these actions and ...
    • Threat and imposition of economic sanctions 1945-2005: Updating the TIES dataset 

      Morgan, T. Clifton; Bapat, Navin; Kobayashi, Yoshiharu (2014)
      Recent research on economic sanctions has produced significant advances in our theoretical and empirical understanding of the causes and effects of these phenomena. Our theoretical understanding, which has been guided by ...
    • Nonpolitical Images Evoke Neural Predictors of Political Ideology 

      Ahn, Woo-Young; Kishida, Kenneth T.; Gu, Xiaosi; Lohrenz, Terry; Harvey, Ann; Alford, John R.; Smith, Kevin B.; Yaffe, Gideon; Hibbing, John R.; Dayan, Peter; Montague, P. Read (2014)
      Political ideologies summarize dimensions of life that define how a person organizes their public and privateᅠbehavior, including their attitudes associated with sex, family, education, and personal autonomy [1ᅠandᅠ2]. ...
    • Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology 

      Hibbing, John R.; Smith, Kevin B.; Alford, John R. (2014)
      Disputes between those holding differing political views are ubiquitous and deep-seated, and they often follow common, recognizable lines. The supporters of tradition and stability, sometimes referred to as conservatives, ...
    • Cortisol and politics: Variance in voting behavior is predicted by baseline cortisol levels 

      French, Jeffrey A.; Smith, Kevin B.; Alford, John R.; Guck, Adam; Birnie, Andrew K.; Hibbing, John R. (2014)
      Participation in electoral politics is affected by a host of social and demographics variables, but there is growing evidence that biological predispositions may also play a role in behavior related to political involvement. ...
    • The Structure of Utility in Spatial Models of Voting 

      Carroll, Royce; Lewis, Jeffrey B.; Lo, James; Poole, Keith T.; Rosenthal, Howard (2013)
      Empirical models of spatial voting allow legislators' locations in a policy or ideological space to be inferred from their roll-call votes. These are typically random utility models where the features of the utility functions ...
    • The Role of Party: The Legislative Consequences of Partisan Electoral Competition 

      Carroll, Royce; Eichorst, Jason (2013)
      We examine the proposition that incentives for legislative organization can be explained by the nature of electoral competition. We argue that legislators in environments where parties are competitive for majority status ...
    • Are We There Yet? The Voting Rights Act and Black Representation on City Councils, 1981ヨ2006 

      Shah, Paru R.; Marschall, Melissa J.; Ruhil, Anirudh V. S. (2013)
      Sound evidence demonstrating what, if any, role the Voting Rights Act (VRA) has played in the impressive gains minorities have made in local office holding over the last 45 years remains in short supply. The present study ...
    • Determinants of Sanctions Effectiveness: Sensitivity Analysis Using New Data 

      Bapat, Navin A.; Heinrich, Tobias; Kobayashi, Yoshiharu; Morgan, T. Clifton (2013)
      In the literature on sanctions effectiveness, scholars have identified a number of factors that may contribute to sanctions success. However, existing empirical studies provide mixed findings concerning the effects of these ...
    • Effect of Election Day Vote Centers on Voter Participation 

      Stein, Robert M.; Vonnahme, Greg (2012)
      In this article we study the effects of Election Day vote centers on voter turnout. Specifically we examine Texas and Colorado’s experience with alternative arrangements for the number and location of Election Day voting ...
    • International Organizations as Policy Advisors 

      Fang, Songying; Stone, Randall W. (2012)
      How can international organizations persuade governments to adopt policy recommendations that are based on private information when their interests conflict? We develop a game-theoretic model of persuasion that applies ...
    • Gender Difference or Parallel Publics? The Dynamics of Defense Spending Opinions in the United States, 1965-2007 

      Eichenberg, Richard C.; Stoll, Richard J. (2012)
      Gender is now recognized as an important dividing line in American political life, and scholars have accumulated evidence that national security issues are an important reason for gender differences in policy preferences. ...
    • Shadowing Ministers: Monitoring Partners in Coalition Governments 

      Carroll, Royce; Cox, Gary W. (2012)
      In this article the authors study delegation problems within multiparty coalition governments. They argue that coalition parties can use the committee system to “shadow” the ministers of their partners; that is, they can ...
    • Disgust Sensitivity and the Neurophysiology of Left- Right Political Orientations 

      Smith, Kevin B.; Oxley, Douglas; Hibbing, Matthew V.; Alford, John R.; Hibbing, John R. (2011)
      Disgust has been described as the most primitive and central of emotions. Thus, it is not surprising that it shapes behaviors in a variety of organisms and in a variety of contexts—including homo sapien politics. People ...
    • Tradeoffs in Trade Data: Do Our Assumptions Affect Our Results? 

      Boehmer, Charles R.; Jungblut, Bernadette M.E.; Stoll, Richard J. (2011)
      Researchers investigating the link between trade and peace often face a severe problem of list-wise deletion from missing trade data. Attempts to mitigate this problem include assuming that most observations are zero or ...