Recent Submissions

  • Assessing Group Incentives, Independent Spending, and Campaign Finance Law by Comparing the States 

    Hunt, Charles R.; Kettler, Jaclyn J.; Malbin, Michael J.; Glavin, Brendan; Hamm, Keith E. (2020)
    Independent expenditures (IEs) in U.S. elections have increased substantially at nearly all levels of government over the past decade, but judicial decisions are only a partial explanation for this growth. Using a descriptive difference-in-differences approach, we show that the growth has been uneven across types of elections and spenders under ...
  • Who Sees Corruption? The Bases of Mass Perceptions of Political Corruption in Latin America 

    Canache, Damarys; Cawvey, Matthew; Hayes, Matthew; Mondak, Jeffery J. (2019)
    The capacity of citizens to see political corruption where it exists and to link such perceptions to evaluations of public officials constitutes an important test of political accountability. Although past research has established that perceived corruption influences political judgments, much less is known regarding the critical prefatory matter of ...
  • Charity Begins at Home: A Lab-in-the-Field Experiment on Charitable Giving 

    Eckel, Catherine C.; Priday, Benjamin A.; Wilson, Rick K. (2018)
    Charities operate at different levels: national, state, or local. We test the effect of the level of the organization on charitable giving in a sample of adults in two Texas communities. Subjects make four charitable giving “dictator game” decisions from a fixed amount of money provided by the experimenter. Three decisions target different charitable ...
  • Can I Rely on You? 

    Aksoy, Billur; Eckel, Catherine C.; Wilson, Rick K. (2018)
    This paper introduces a strategic element into the dictator game by allowing recipients to select their dictator. Recipients are presented with the photographs of two dictators and the envelopes containing their allocations, and are then asked to select which dictator’s gift they would like to receive. The recipient is paid the contents of the envelope ...
  • Political Context and the Consequences of Naming and Shaming for Human Rights Abuse 

    Esarey, Justin; DeMeritt, Jacqueline H.R. (2017)
    Does being named and shamed for human rights abuse influence the amount of foreign aid received by the shamed state? Recent research suggests that the impact of public censure may depend on the political relationship between donor and recipient. We argue that donors deriving a direct political benefit from the aid relationship (such as a military ...
  • The Acceptability of War and Support for Defense Spending: Evidence from Fourteen Democracies, 2004–2013 

    Eichenberg, Richard C.; Stoll, Richard J. (2017)
    We study the factors that influence citizen support for defense spending in fourteen democracies over the period 2004–2013. We pose two research questions. First, what factors influence citizen support for war and military force? We refer to this as the acceptability of war. Second, in addition to the acceptability of war, what other factors affect ...
  • Context and Political Knowledge: Explaining Cross-National Variation in Partisan Left-Right Knowledge 

    Fortunato, David; Stevenson, Randolph T.; Vonnahme, Greg (2016)
    We present a theory that links variation in aggregate levels of political knowledge across countries and over time to corresponding differences in the political context in which voters become (or do not become) informed. Specifically, we argue that the level of partisan left-right knowledge in a given context ultimately depends on how useful the ...
  • Careful Commitments: Democratic States and Alliance Design 

    Chiba, Daina; Johnson, Jesse C.; Leeds, Brett Ashley (2015)
    Evidence suggests that leaders of democratic states experience high costs from violating past commitments. We argue that because democratic leaders foresee the costs of violation, they are careful to design agreements they expect to have a high probability of fulfilling. This may cause democratic leaders to prefer flexible or limited commitments. We ...
  • Recovering a Basic Space from Issue Scales in R 

    Poole, Keith T.; Lewis, Jeffrey B.; Rosenthal, Howard; Lo, James; Carroll, Royce (2016)
    basicspace is an R package that conducts Aldrich-McKelvey and Blackbox scaling to recover estimates of the underlying latent dimensions of issue scale data. We illustrate several applications of the package to survey data commonly used in the social sciences. Monte Carlo tests demonstrate that the procedure can recover latent dimensions and reproduce ...
  • Political Trust in Experimental Designs 

    Wilson, Rick (2016)
  • Group-Level Selection Increases Cooperation in the Public Goods Game 

    Eckel, Catherine C.; Fatas, Enrique; Godoy, Sara; Wilson, Rick K. (2016)
    When groups compete for resources, some groups will be more successful than others, forcing out less successful groups. Group-level selection is the most extreme form of group competition, where the weaker group ceases to exist, becoming extinct. We implement group-level selection in a controlled laboratory experiment in order to study its impact on ...
  • Group-Level Selection Increases Cooperation in the Public Goods Game 

    Eckel, Catherine C.; Fatas, Enrique; Godoy, Sara; Wilson, Rick K. (2016)
    When groups compete for resources, some groups will be more successful than others, forcing out less successful groups. Group-level selection is the most extreme form of group competition, where the weaker group ceases to exist, becoming extinct. We implement group-level selection in a controlled laboratory experiment in order to study its impact on ...
  • Cortisol and politics: Variance in voting behavior is predicted by baseline cortisol levels 

    (2014)
    Participation in electoral politics is affected by a host of social and demographics variables, but there is growing evidence that biological predispositions may also play a role in behavior related to political involvement. We examined the role of individual variation in hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) stress axis parameters in explaining ...
  • Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy 

    Stein, Robert M. (2015)
    What steps can and do local election officials take to prepare for and respond to natural disasters and emergencies that impede and disrupt the operation of scheduled elections? How efficacious are these actions and practices, and to what extent, if any, can these practices be generalized to the 3,000+jurisdictions charged with conducting elections? ...
  • Nonpolitical Images Evoke Neural Predictors of Political Ideology 

    (2014)
    Political ideologies summarize dimensions of life that define how a person organizes their public and privateᅠbehavior, including their attitudes associated with sex, family, education, and personal autonomy [1ᅠandᅠ2]. Despite the abstract nature of such sensibilities, fundamental features of political ideology have been found toᅠbe deeply connected ...
  • Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology 

    Hibbing, John R.; Smith, Kevin B.; Alford, John R. (2014)
    Disputes between those holding differing political views are ubiquitous and deep-seated, and they often follow common, recognizable lines. The supporters of tradition and stability, sometimes referred to as conservatives, do battle with the supporters of innovation and reform, sometimes referred to as liberals. Understanding the correlates of those ...
  • Threat and imposition of economic sanctions 1945-2005: Updating the TIES dataset 

    (2014)
    Recent research on economic sanctions has produced significant advances in our theoretical and empirical understanding of the causes and effects of these phenomena. Our theoretical understanding, which has been guided by empirical findings, has reached the point where existing datasets are no longer adequate to test important hypotheses. This article ...
  • The Structure of Utility in Spatial Models of Voting 

    Carroll, Royce; Lewis, Jeffrey B.; Lo, James; Poole, Keith T.; Rosenthal, Howard (2013)
    Empirical models of spatial voting allow legislators' locations in a policy or ideological space to be inferred from their roll-call votes. These are typically random utility models where the features of the utility functions other than the ideal points are assumed rather than estimated. In this article, we first consider a model in which legislators' ...
  • The Role of Party: The Legislative Consequences of Partisan Electoral Competition 

    Carroll, Royce; Eichorst, Jason (2013)
    We examine the proposition that incentives for legislative organization can be explained by the nature of electoral competition. We argue that legislators in environments where parties are competitive for majority status are most likely to have delegated power to their leadership to constrain individualistic behavior within their party, which will ...
  • The Russians Are Coming! A Computer Simulation 

    Stoll, Richard J. (1990)
    Aside from defending the homeland, no defense commitment in the post-World War II era has been more important to U.S. decision makers than the defense of Western Europe against a Soviet/Warsaw Pact attack. But from the very beginning of the NATO alliance in 1949, the Alliance's ability to stop a Pact invasion without resort to nuclear weapons has ...

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