Now showing items 1-20 of 55

    • Confident futures: Community-based organizations as first responders and agents of change in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic 

      Roels, Nastasja Ilonka; Estrella, Amarilys; Maldonado-Salcedo, Melissa; Rapp, Rayna; Hansen, Helena; (2022)
      This comparative study of community organizations serving marginalized youth in New York City and Amsterdam utilized a novel ethnographic approach called reverse engineering to identify techniques for social change that are active in each organization, adaptable and translatable to other contexts. It found that youth-serving organizations led flexible ...
    • Diet, economy, and culinary practices at the height of precolonial Swahili urbanism 

      Quintana Morales, Eréndira M.; Craig, Oliver E.; Prendergast, Mary E.; Walshaw, Sarah; Cartaciano, Christina; (2022)
      Swahili cuisine is known across Africa and globally as a highly distinctive product of a cosmopolitan, coastal, urban society. Here we present a comprehensive study of precolonial Swahili diet and culinary practices at the coastal town of Songo Mnara, positioning archaeological and ethnographic understandings of cuisine in a long-term coastal tradition. ...
    • Palaeogenomic analysis of black rat (Rattus rattus) reveals multiple European introductions associated with human economic history 

      Yu, He; Jamieson, Alexandra; Hulme-Beaman, Ardern; Conroy, Chris J.; Knight, Becky; (2022)
      The distribution of the black rat (Rattus rattus) has been heavily influenced by its association with humans. The dispersal history of this non-native commensal rodent across Europe, however, remains poorly understood, and different introductions may have occurred during the Roman and medieval periods. Here, in order to reconstruct the population ...
    • Sabertooth carcass consumption behavior and the dynamics of Pleistocene large carnivoran guilds 

      Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel; Egeland, Charles P.; Cobo-Sánchez, Lucía; Baquedano, Enrique; Hulbert, Richard C. (2022)
      Apex predators play an important role in the top-down regulation of ecological communities. Their hunting and feeding behaviors influence, respectively, prey demography and the availability of resources to other consumers. Among the most iconic—and enigmatic—terrestrial predators of the late Cenozoic are the Machairodontinae, a diverse group of big ...
    • The Middle to Later Stone Age transition at Panga ya Saidi, in the tropical coastal forest of eastern Africa 

      Shipton, Ceri; Blinkhorn, James; Archer, Will; Kourampas, Nikolaos; Roberts, Patrick; (2021)
      The Middle to Later Stone Age transition is a critical period of human behavioral change that has been variously argued to pertain to the emergence of modern cognition, substantial population growth, and major dispersals of Homo sapiens within and beyond Africa. However, there is little consensus about when the transition occurred, the geographic ...
    • Grinding-stone features from the Pastoral Neolithic at Luxmanda, Tanzania 

      Prendergast, Mary E.; Grillo, Katherine M.; Gidna, Agness O.; Mabulla, Audax Z.P. (2021)
      The initial spread of food production in eastern Africa is associated with livestock herding during the Pastoral Neolithic. Recent excavation at Luxmanda, Tanzania, a site dating to c. 3000 BP, revealed circular installations of lower grinding stones and numerous handstones. This discovery, unprecedented for this era, challenges previous ideas about ...
    • Iron Age hunting and herding in coastal eastern Africa: ZooMS identification of domesticates and wild bovids at Panga ya Saidi, Kenya 

      Culley, Courtney; Janzen, Anneke; Brown, Samantha; Prendergast, Mary E.; Shipton, Ceri; (2021)
      The morphological differentiation of African bovids in highly fragmented zooarchaeological assemblages is a major hindrance to reconstructing the nature and spread of pastoralism in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we employ collagen peptide mass fingerprinting, known as Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS), coupled with recently published African ...
    • Experimenting with Ethnography : A Companion to Analysis 

      Ballestero, Andrea; Winthereik, Brit Ross (2021)
    • The Impacts of COVID-19 on US Maternity Care Practices: A Followup Study 

      Gutschow, Kim; Davis-Floyd, Robbie (2021)
      This article extends the findings of a rapid response article researched in April 2020 to illustrate how providers’ practices and attitudes towards COVID-19 had shifted in response to better evidence, increased experience, and improved guidance on how SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 impacted maternity care in the US. This article is based on a review of ...
    • Indigenous Midwives and the Biomedical System among the Karamojong of Uganda: Introducing the Partnership Paradigm 

      Graham, Sally; Davis-Floyd, Robbie (2021)
      Certainly there can be no argument against every woman being attended at birth by a skilled birth attendant. Currently, as elsewhere, the Ugandan government favours a biomedical model of care to achieve this aim, even though the logistical realities mitigate against its realisation. This article addresses the traditional midwives of the Karamojong ...
    • Collagen fingerprinting traces the introduction of caprines to island Eastern Africa 

      Culley, Courtney; Janzen, Anneke; Brown, Samantha; Prendergast, Mary E.; Wolfhagen, Jesse; (2021)
      The human colonization of eastern Africa's near- and offshore islands was accompanied by the translocation of several domestic, wild and commensal fauna, many of which had long-term impacts on local environments. To better understand the timing and nature of the introduction of domesticated caprines (sheep and goat) to these islands, this study applied ...
    • Equids can also make stone artefacts 

      Domínguez-Solera, Santiago David; Maíllo-Fernández, José-Manuel; Baquedano, Enrique; Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel (2021)
      Identifying how early humans flaked stone tools is one of the crucial elements in hominin evolution. Here, we show that equids can sometimes also produce equally complex cores with conchoidal breakages that exhibit the characteristics of intentionally-flaked hominin artefacts by bipolar technique and methods. As a result, sharp edged flakes with ...
    • Spillers's baby, anthropology's maybe: A postgenomic reckoning 

      Massie, Victoria M. (2021)
      This article is a meditation on the state of anthropological studies of race in the postgenomic era through its particular analytical obsession with the resurrection of biological racism as presumably embodied by genetic African ancestry. Drawing on Hortense Spillers' psychoanalytic framework on race, this essay argues that the failures ascribed to ...
    • Anthropocene Unseen : A Lexicon 

      Howe, Cymene; Pandian, Anand (2020)
      The idea of the Anthropocene often generates an overwhelming sense of abjection or apathy. It occupies the imagination as a set of circumstances that counterpose individual human actors against ungraspable scales and impossible odds. There is much at stake in how we understand the implications of this planetary imagination, and how to plot paths from ...
    • No such thing as invisible people: toward an archaeology of slavery at the fifteenth-century Swahili site of Songo Mnara 

      Rødland, Henriette; Wynne-Jones, Stephanie; Wood, Marilee; Fleisher, Jeffrey (2020)
      This paper seeks to challenge the notion of the invisible slave in the archaeological record and investigates the way in which material culture may reflect the movements and practices of enslaved labourers on the East African Swahili coast. Archaeological approaches to enslavement have revealed the nuanced and complex experiences of a group of people ...
    • Energopolitics 

      Boyer, Dominic (2019)
    • Ecologics 

      Howe, Cymene (2019)
    • A Future History of Water 

      Ballestero, Andrea (2019)
    • Chemical analysis of glass beads from Igbo Olokun, Ile-Ife (SW Nigeria): New light on raw materials, production, and interregional interactions 

      Babalola, Abidemi Babatunde; Dussubieux, Laure; McIntosh, Susan Keech; Rehren, Thilo (2018)
      The site of Igbo Olokun on the northern periphery of Ile-Ife has been recognized as a glass-working workshop for over a century. Its glass-encrusted crucibles and beads were viewed as evidence of secondary processing of imported glass until the high lime, high alumina (HLHA) composition of the glass was recognized as unique to the region. Archaeological ...
    • Developments in Rural Life on the Eastern African Coast, A.D. 700–1500 

      LaViolette, Adria; Fleisher, Jeffrey B. (2018)
      The eastern African coast is known for its Swahili “stonetowns.” Archaeological study of stonetowns has overshadowed that of Swahili rural life, and how it reformulated in the context of urban transformations after A.D. 1000. To help redress that imbalance, we focus here on village research carried out in a Swahili heartland—Pemba Island, Tanzania—in ...