Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorZhu, Xiao Fang
Shi, Yuan Zhi
Lei, Gui Jie
Fry, Stephen C.
Zhang, Bao Cai
Zhou, Yi Hua
Braam, Janet
Jiang, Tao
Xu, Xiao Yan
Mao, Chuan Zao
Pan, Yuan Jiang
Yang, Jian Li
Wu, Ping
Zheng, Shao Jian
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-29T20:37:07Z
dc.date.available 2014-01-30T06:10:04Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11
dc.identifier.citation Zhu, Xiao Fang, Shi, Yuan Zhi, Lei, Gui Jie, et al.. "XTH31, Encoding an in Vitro XEH/XET-Active Enzyme, Regulates Aluminum Sensitivity by Modulating in Vivo XET Action, Cell Wall Xyloglucan Content, and Aluminum Binding Capacity in Arabidopsis." The Plant Cell, 24, (2012) American Society of Plant Biologists: 4731-4747. http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.112.106039.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/69865
dc.description.abstract Xyloglucan endohydrolase (XEH) and xyloglucan endotransglucosylase (XET) activities, encoded by xyloglucan endotransglucosylase-hydrolase (XTH) genes, are involved in cell wall extension by cutting or cutting and rejoining xyloglucan chains, respectively. However, the physiological significance of this biochemical activity remains incompletely understood. Here, we find that an XTH31 T-DNA insertion mutant, xth31, is more Al resistant than the wild type. XTH31 is bound to the plasma membrane and the encoding gene is expressed in the root elongation zone and in nascent leaves, suggesting a role in cell expansion. XTH31 transcript accumulation is strongly downregulated by Al treatment. XTH31 expression in yeast yields a protein with an in vitro XEH:XET activity ratio of >5000:1. xth31 accumulates significantly less Al in the root apex and cell wall, shows remarkably lower in vivo XET action and extractable XET activity, has a lower xyloglucan content, and exhibits slower elongation. An exogenous supply of xyloglucan significantly ameliorates Al toxicity by reducing Al accumulation in the roots, owing to the formation of an Al-xyloglucan complex in the medium, as verified by an obvious change in chemical shift of (27)Al-NMR. Taken together, the data indicate that XTH31 affects Al sensitivity by modulating cell wall xyloglucan content and Al binding capacity.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher American Society of Plant Biologists
dc.rights Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use.
dc.title XTH31, Encoding an in Vitro XEH/XET-Active Enzyme, Regulates Aluminum Sensitivity by Modulating in Vivo XET Action, Cell Wall Xyloglucan Content, and Aluminum Binding Capacity in Arabidopsis
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle The Plant Cell
dc.citation.volumeNumber 24
dc.embargo.terms 1 year
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.112.106039
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC3531863
dc.identifier.pmid 23204407
dc.type.publication publisher version
dc.citation.firstpage 4731
dc.citation.lastpage 4747


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record