Now showing items 1-20 of 757

    • Intensive Atomization Energy: Re-Thinking a Metric for Electronic Structure Theory Methods 

      Perdew, John P.; Sun, Jianwei; Garza, Alejandro J.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2016)
      The errors in atomization energies (AE) of molecules have long been used to measure the errors of wavefunction or density functional methods for electronic structure calculations. In particular, the G3 set of Pople and ...
    • Scaling properties of the plateau transitions in the two-dimensional hole gas system 

      Wang, Xuebin; Liu, Haiwen; Zhu, Junbo; Shan, Pujia; Wang, Pengjie; Fu, Hailong; Du, Lingjie; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W.; Xie, X.C.; Du, Rui-Rui; Lin, Xi (2016)
      The behavior of phase coherence is studied in two-dimensional hole gas through the integer quantum Hall plateau-to-plateau transition. From the plateau transition as a function of temperature, scaling properties of multiple ...
    • Impact of uniaxial pressure on structural and magnetic phase transitions in electron-doped iron pnictides 

      Lu, Xingye; Tseng, Kuo-Feng; Keller, T.; Zhang, Wenliang; Hu, Ding; Song, Yu; Man, Haoran; Park, J.T.; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Dai, Pengcheng (2016)
      We use neutron resonance spin echo and Larmor diffraction to study the effect of uniaxial pressure on the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (Ts) and antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transitions in iron pnictides ...
    • Electronic specific heat in BaFe2−xNixAs2 

      Gong, Dongliang; Xie, Tao; Lu, Xingye; Ren, Cong; Shan, Lei; Zhang, Rui; Dai, Pengcheng; Yang, Yi-feng; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang (2016)
      We have systematically studied the low-temperature specific heat of the BaFe2−xNixAs2 single crystals covering the whole superconducting dome. Using the nonsuperconducting heavily overdoped x=0.3 sample as a reference for ...
    • Notch-Jagged signalling can give rise to clusters of cells exhibiting a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

      Boareto, Marcelo; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Goldman, Aaron; Pietilä, Mika; Mani, Sendurai A.; Sengupta, Shiladitya; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert; Onuchic, José N. (2016)
      Metastasis can involve repeated cycles of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. Cells can also undergo partial transitions to attain a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal ...
    • Synthetic-gauge-field stabilization of the chiral-spin-liquid phase 

      Chen, Gang; Hazzard, Kaden R. A.; Rey, Ana Maria; Hermele, Michael (2016)
      We explore the phase diagram of the SU(N) Hubbard models describing fermionic alkaline-earth-metal atoms in a square optical lattice with, on average, one atom per site, using a slave rotor mean-field approach. We find ...
    • High Chromaticity Aluminum Plasmonic Pixels for Active Liquid Crystal Displays 

      Olson, Jana; Manjavacas, Alejandro; Basu, Tiyash; Huang, Da; Schlather, Andrea E.; Zheng, Bob; Halas, Naomi; Nordlander, Peter; Link, Stephan (2016)
      Chromatic devices such as flat panel displays could, in principle, be substantially improved by incorporating aluminum plasmonic nanostructures instead of conventional chromophores that are susceptible to photobleaching. ...
    • Magnetic and Ising quantum phase transitions in a model for isoelectronically tuned iron pnictides 

      Wu, Jianda; Si, Qimiao; Abrahams, Elihu (2016)
      Considerations of the observed bad-metal behavior in Fe-based superconductors led to an early proposal for quantum criticality induced by isoelectronic P for As doping in iron arsenides, which has since been experimentally ...
    • Single-molecule force measurements of the polymerizing dimeric subunit of von Willebrand factor 

      Wijeratne, Sithara S.; Li, Jingqiang; Yeh, Hui-Chun; Nolasco, Leticia; Zhou, Zhou; Bergeron, Angela; Frey, Eric W.; Moake, Joel L.; Dong, Jing-fei; Kiang, Ching-Hwa (2016)
      Von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers are large adhesive proteins that are essential to the initiation of hemostatic plugs at sites of vascular injury. The binding of VWF multimers to platelets, as well as VWF proteolysis, ...
    • Comparison study of ring current simulations with and without bubble injections 

      Yang, Jian; Toffoletto, Frank R.; Wolf, Richard A. (2016)
      For many years, stand-alone ring current models have been successfully producing storm time ring current enhancements without specifying explicit localized transient injections along their outer boundaries. However, both ...
    • Stability of the hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

      Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Tripathi, Satyendra C.; Jia, Dongya; Mooney, Steven M.; Celiktas, Muge; Hanash, Samir M.; Mani, Sendurai A.; Pienta, Kenneth J.; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert (2016)
      Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and its reverse - Mesenchymal to Epithelial Transition (MET) - are hallmarks of cellular plasticity during embryonic development and cancer metastasis. During EMT, epithelial cells ...
    • Tumor Budding: The Name is EMT. Partial EMT. 

      Grigore, Alexandru Dan; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Jia, Dongya; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Levine, Herbert (2016)
      Tumor budding is a histological phenomenon encountered in various cancers, whereby individual malignant cells and/or small clusters of malignant cells are seen in the tumor stroma. Postulated to be mirror epithelial-mesenchymal ...
    • Intermediate valence to heavy fermion through a quantum phase transition in Yb3(Rh1−xTx)4Ge13 (T=Co,Ir) single crystals 

      Rai, Binod K.; Oswald, Iain W.H.; Chan, Julia Y.; Morosan, E. (2016)
      Single crystals of Yb3(Rh1−xTx)4Ge13 (T=Co,Ir) have been grown using the self-flux method. Powder x-ray diffraction data on these compounds are consistent with the cubic structure with space group Pm3¯n. Intermediate-valence ...
    • Quantum mechanical effects in plasmonic structures with subnanometre gaps 

      Zhu, Wenqi; Esteban, Ruben; Borisov, Andrei G.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.; Nordlander, Peter; Lezec, Henri J.; Aizpurua, Javier; Crozier, Kenneth B. (2016)
      Metallic structures with nanogap features have proven highly effective as building blocks for plasmonic systems, as they can provide a wide tuning range of operating frequencies and large near-field enhancements. Recent ...
    • Strain-Driven Approach to Quantum Criticality in AFe2As2 with A=K, Rb, and Cs 

      Eilers, Felix; Grube, Kai; Zocco, Diego A.; Wolf, Thomas; Merz, Michael; Schweiss, Peter; Heid, Rolf; Eder, Robert; Yu, Rong; Zhu, Jian-Xin; Si, Qimiao; Shibauchi, Takasada; Löhneysen, Hilbert v. (2016)
      The iron-based superconductors AFe2As2 with A=K, Rb, Cs exhibit large Sommerfeld coefficients approaching those of heavy-fermion systems. We have investigated the magnetostriction and thermal expansion of this series to ...
    • Comparative Study of the Condensing Effects of Ergosterol and Cholesterol 

      Hung, Wei-Chin; Lee, Ming-Tao; Chung, Hsien; Sun, Yi-Ting; Chen, Hsiung; Charron, Nicholas E.; Huang, Huey W. (2016)
      Cholesterol, due to its condensing effect, is considered an important regulator of membrane thickness. Other sterols, due to their structural similarities to cholesterol, are often assumed to have a universal effect on ...
    • Mode of Action of Antimicrobial Peptides on E. coli Spheroplasts 

      Sun, Yen; Sun, Tzu-Lin; Huang, Huey W. (2016)
      We investigated the phenomena of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) directly attacking the cytoplasmic membranes of Escherichia coli spheroplasts. We developed a procedure for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching to examine ...
    • Chiral and Achiral Nanodumbbell Dimers: The Effect of Geometry on Plasmonic Properties 

      Smith, Kyle W.; Zhao, Hangqi; Zhang, Hui; Sánchez -Iglesias, Ana; Grzelczak, Marek; Wang, Yumin; Chang, Wei-Shun; Nordlander, Peter; Liz-Marzán, Luis; Link, Stephan (2016)
      Metal nanoparticles with a dumbbell-like geometry have plasmonic properties similar to those of their nanorod counterparts, but the unique steric constraints induced by their enlarged tips result in distinct geometries ...
    • Dicke superradiance in solids [Invited] 

      Cong, Kankan; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Yongrui; Noe, G. Timothy; Belyanin, Alexey; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      Recent advances in optical studies of condensed matter systems have led to the emergence of a variety of phenomena that have conventionally been studied in the realm of quantum optics. These studies have not only deepened ...
    • Wafer-scale monodomain films of spontaneously aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes 

      He, Xiaowei; Gao, Weilu; Xie, Lijuan; Li, Bo; Zhang, Qi; Lei, Sidong; Robinson, John M.; Hároz, Erik H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Wang, Weipeng; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Adams, W. Wade; Hauge, Robert H.; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      The one-dimensional character of electrons, phonons and excitons in individual single-walled carbon nanotubes leads to extremely anisotropic electronic, thermal and optical properties. However, despite significant efforts ...