Now showing items 1275-1294 of 1387

    • T Cell Repertoire Diversity Is Decreased in Type 1 Diabetes Patients 

      Tong, Yin; Li, Zhoufang; Zhang, Hua; Xia, Ligang; Zhang, Meng; Xu, Ying; Wang, Zhanhui; Deem, Michael W.; Sun, Xiaojuan; He, Jiankui (2016)
      Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is an immune-mediated disease. The autoreactive T cells in T1D patients attack and destroy their own pancreatic cells. In order to systematically investigate the potential autoreactive T cell ...
    • Targeting CPT1A-mediated fatty acid oxidation sensitizes nasopharyngeal carcinoma to radiation therapy 

      Tan, Zheqiong; Xiao, Lanbo; Tang, Min; Bai, Fang; Li, Jiangjiang; Li, Liling; Shi, Feng; Li, Namei; Li, Yueshuo; Du, Qianqian; Lu, Jingchen; Weng, Xinxian; Yi, Wei; Zhang, Hanwen; Fan, Jia; Zhou, Jian; Gao, Qiang; Onuchic, José N.; Bode, Ann M.; Luo, Xiangjian; Cao, Ya (2018)
      Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has a particularly high prevalence in southern China, southeastern Asia and northern Africa. Radiation resistance remains a serious obstacle to successful treatment in NPC. This study aimed ...
    • Temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly optimally doped NaFe0.9785Co0.0215As 

      Song, Yu; Wang, Weiyi; Zhang, Chenglin; Gu, Yanhong; Lu, Xingye; Tan, Guotai; Su, Yixi; Bourdarot, Frédéric; Christianson, A.D.; Li, Shiliang; Dai, Pengcheng (2017)
      We use unpolarized and polarized neutron scattering to study the temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly optimally doped NaFe0.9785Co0.0215As, with coexisting superconductivi ...
    • Template–Framework Interactions in Tetraethylammonium-Directed Zeolite Synthesis 

      Schmidt, Joel E.; Fu, Donglong; Deem, Michael W.; Weckhuysen, Bert M. (2016)
      Zeolites, having widespread applications in chemical industries, are often synthesized using organic templates. These can be cost-prohibitive, motivating investigations into their role in promoting crystallization. Herein, ...
    • Tensegrity and motor-driven effective interactions in a model cytoskeleton 

      Wang, Shenshen; Wolynes, Peter G. (2012)
      Actomyosin networks are major structural components of the cell. They provide mechanical integrity and allow dynamic remodeling of eukaryotic cells, self-organizing into the diverse patterns essential for development. We ...
    • Tensor-structured coupled cluster theory 

      Schutski, Roman; Zhao, Jinmo; Henderson, Thomas M.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2017)
      We derive and implement a new way of solving coupled cluster equations with lower computational scaling. Our method is based on the decomposition of both amplitudes and two electron integrals, using a combination of tensor ...
    • Terahertz and Infrared Spectroscopy of Gated Large-Area Graphene 

      Ren, Lei; Zhang, Qi; Yao, Jun; Sun, Zhengzong; Kaneko, Ryosuke; Yan, Zheng; Nanot, Sébastien L.; Jin, Zhong; Kawayama, Iwao; Tonouchi, Masayoshi; Tour, James M.; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
      We have fabricated a centimeter-size single-layer graphene device with a gate electrode, which can modulate the transmission of terahertz and infrared waves. Using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy and Fourier-transform ...
    • Terahertz Faraday and Kerr rotation spectroscopy of Bi1−xSbx films in high magnetic fields up to 30 tesla 

      Li, Xinwei; Yoshioka, Katsumasa; Xie, Ming; Noe, G. Timothy; Lee, Woojoo; Marquez Peraca, Nicolas; Gao, Weilu; Hagiwara, Toshio; Handegård, Ørjan S.; Nien, Li-Wei; Nagao, Tadaaki; Kitajima, Masahiro; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Shih, Chih-Kang; MacDonald, Allan H.; Katayama, Ikufumi; Takeda, Jun; Fiete, Gregory A.; Kono, Junichiro (2019)
      We report results of terahertz Faraday and Kerr rotation spectroscopy measurements on thin films of Bi1−xSbx, an alloy system that exhibits a semimetal-to-topological-insulator transition as the Sb composition x increases. ...
    • Ternary CuIn7Se11: Towards Ultra-Thin Layered Photodetectors and Photovoltaic Devices 

      Lei, Sidong; Sobhani, Ali; Wen, Fangfang; George, Antony; Wang, Qizhong; Huang, Yihan; Dong, Pei; Li, Bo; Najmaei, Sina; Bellah, James; Gupta, Gautam; Mohite, Aditya D.; Ge, Liehui; Lou, Jun; Halas, Naomi J.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel (2014)
      2D materials have been widely studied over the past decade for their potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. In these materials, elemental composition plays a critical role in defining their physical ...
    • Test beam demonstration of silicon microstrip modules with transverse momentum discrimination for the future CMS tracking detector 

      CMS Tracker collaboration; Akgün, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Kilpatrick, M.; Nussbaum, T.; Zabel, J. (2018)
      A new CMS Tracker is under development for operation at the High Luminosity LHC from 2026 onwards. It includes an outer tracker based on dedicated modules that will reconstruct short track segments, called stubs, using ...
    • Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector 

      Akgün, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Kilpatrick, M.; Nussbaum, T.; Zabel, J. (2017)
      A new pixel detector for the CMS experiment was built in order to cope with the instantaneous luminosities anticipated for the Phase I Upgrade of the LHC . The new CMS pixel detector provides four-hit tracking with a reduced ...
    • TESTING DISK-LOCKING IN NGC 2264 

      Cauley, P. Wilson; Johns-Krull, Christopher M.; Hamilton, Catrina M.; Lockhart, Kelly (2012)
      We test analytic predictions from different models of magnetospheric accretion, which invoke disk-locking, using stellar and accretion parameters derived from models of low-resolution optical spectra of 36 T Tauri stars ...
    • Testing the estimated hypothetical response of a major CME impact on Earth and its implications to space weather 

      Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia; Russell, C.T. (2015)
      The high-speed coronal mass ejection (CME), ejected on 23 July 2012, observed by STEREO-A on the same day as the leading edge of the CME arrived at 1AU was unique both in respect to the observed plasma and magnetic structure ...
    • Tevatron Combination of Single-Top-Quark Cross Sections and Determination of the Magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa Matrix Element ${V}_{tb}$ 

      CDF Collaboration; D0 Collaboration; Chandra, A.; Corcoran, M.; Hogan, J.; Orduna, J.; Prewitt, M. (2015)
      We present the final combination of CDF and D0 measurements of cross sections for single-top-quark production in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated ...
    • Tevatron Constraints on Models of the Higgs Boson with Exotic Spin and Parity Using Decays to Bottom-Antibottom Quark Pairs 

      CDF Collaboration; D0 Collaboration; Chandra, A.; Corcoran, M.; Hogan, J.; Orduna, J.; Prewitt, M. (2015)
      Combined constraints from the CDF and D0 Collaborations on models of the Higgs boson with exotic spin J and parity P are presented and compared with results obtained assuming the standard model value JP=0+. Both collaborations ...
    • Tevatron Run II combination of the effective leptonic electroweak mixing angle 

      CDF Collaboration; D0 Collaboration; Chandra, A.; Corcoran, M.; Hogan, J.; Prewitt, M. (2018)
      Drell-Yan lepton pairs produced in the process p¯p→ℓ+ℓ−+X through an intermediate γ∗/Z boson have an asymmetry in their angular distribution related to the spontaneous symmetry breaking of the electroweak force and the ...
    • The anti-apoptotic proteins NAF-1 and iASPP interact to drive apoptosis in cancer cells 

      Iosub-Amir, Anat; Bai, Fang; Sohn, Yang-Sung; Song, Luhua; Tamir, Sagi; Marjault, Henri-Baptiste; Mayer, Guy; Karmi, Ola; Jennings, Patricia A.; Mittler, Ron; Onuchic, José N.; Friedler, Assaf; Nechushtai, Rachel (2019)
    • The charged inflaton and its gauge fields: preheating and initial conditions for reheating 

      Lozanov, Kaloian D.; Amin, Mustafa A. (2016)
      We calculate particle production during inflation and in the early stages of reheating after inflation in models with a charged scalar field coupled to Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields. A detailed analysis of the power ...
    • The CMS Modular Track Finder boards, MTF6 and MTF7 

      Acosta, D.; Brown, G.; Carnes, A.; Carver, M.; Curry, D.; Di Giovanni, G.P.; Furic, I.; Kropivnitskaya, A.; Madorsky, A.; Matveev, M.; Padley, P.; Rank, D.; Reeves, C.; Scurlock, B.; Wang, S. (2013)
      To accommodate the increase in energy and luminosity of the upgraded LHC, the CMS Endcap Muon Level 1 Trigger system has to be significantly modified. To provide the best track reconstruction, the Trigger system must now ...
    • The Complex Morphology of the Young Disk MWC 758: Spirals and Dust Clumps around a Large Cavity 

      Boehler, Y.; Ricci, L.; Weaver, E.; Isella, A.; Benisty, M.; Carpenter, J.; Grady, C.; Shen, Bo-Ting; Tang, Ya-Wen; Perez, L. (2018)
      We present Atacama Large Millimeter Array observations at an angular resolution of 0farcs1–0farcs2 of the disk surrounding the young Herbig Ae star MWC 758. The data consist of images of the dust continuum emission recorded ...