Now showing items 1-20 of 64

    • Determinants of Confidence in U.S. Institutions: Comparing Congress and Corporations 

      Bolger, Daniel; Thomson, Robert Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
      Objectives: The political discourse surrounding the 2016 U.S. presidential election highlighted discontent with both Congress and corporations, a reality corroborated in recent scholarship highlighting declines in institutional confidence among U.S. citizens. Here we test theories of institutional confidence to understand the social and cultural ...
    • Polarized Scientists? Exploring Political Differences about Religion and Science among U.S. Biologists and Physicists 

      Mehta, Sharan Kaur; Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
      From the Texas textbook debate to the March for Science, visible displays of activism illuminate how deeply politicized the science‐religion interface has become. However, little is known about the extent to which scientists’ attitudes about science and religion are politicized. Using original survey data from 1,989 U.S. academic biologists and ...
    • The very ivory tower: pathways reproducing racial-ethnic stratification in US academic science 

      Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Salazar, Esmeralda Sánchez; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
      We theorized that income racial-ethnic stratification among academic scientists is perpetuated by inequality of scientific capital including institutional prestige, research funding, publishing, and tenure. We tested our model with original survey data of US biologists and physicists (n = 1,160). Findings indicated that white scientists reported ...
    • Navigating Religion Online: Jewish and Muslim Responses to Social Media 

      Ferguson, Jauhara; Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Rothschild, Connor (2021)
      Although social media use among religious communities is proliferating, significant gaps remain in our understanding of how religious minorities perceive social media in relation to their faith and community. Thus, we ask how individuals use religion to frame moral attitudes around social media for Jews and Muslims. Specifically, how does social media ...
    • Divergent Residential Pathways from Flood-Prone Areas: How Neighborhood Inequalities Are Shaping Urban Climate Adaptation 

      Elliott, James; Loughran, Kevin; Brown, Phylicia Lee; Department of Sociology (2021)
      Flood risks are rising across the United States, putting the economic and social values of growing numbers of homes at risk. In response, the federal government is funding the purchase and demolition of housing in areas of greatest jeopardy, tacitly promoting residential resettlement as a strategy of climate adaptation, especially in cities. Despite ...
    • Relational Segregation: A Structural View of Categorical Relations 

      Fiel, Jeremy E. (2021)
      This article builds a framework for a relational approach to segregation that emphasizes structures of interactions, transactions, and ties between and within social categories. Rather than explaining segregation with dominants imposing formal rules or homophilic people sorting themselves, I highlight segregation's emergence amid dueling control ...
    • Social Capital and Student Achievement: An Intervention-Based Test of Theory 

      Gamoran, Adam; Miller, Hannah K.; Fiel, Jeremy E.; Valentine, Jessa Lewis (2021)
      Social capital is widely cited as benefiting children’s school performance, but close inspection of existing research yields inconsistent findings. Focusing on intergenerational closure among parents of children in the same school, this article draws from a field experiment to test the effects of social capital on children’s achievement in reading ...
    • Evangelicals, evolution, and inerrancy: a comparative study of congregational boundary work 

      Unsworth, Amy; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
      A number of evangelical Christian denominations and networks uphold a specific doctrine of Scripture, stating that the Bible is the ‘inerrant’ word of God. Those who adhere to biblical inerrancy tend to reject literary interpretations of the creation accounts in the Bible and therefore to reject evolutionary theory. Indeed, evolution rejection ...
    • Indian Scientists' Definitions of Religion and Spirituality 

      Khalsa, Simranjit; Kalinowski, Brenton D.; Howard Ecklund, Elaine (2020)
      Scientists are often assumed to be irreligious and little research has examined the role of religion and spirituality in their lives. Recent research shows that many scientists do articulate a commitment to the sacred and see religion and spirituality as influencing their work. However, we lack a basic understanding of how scientists define religion ...
    • Education and health: The joint role of gender and sexual identity 

      Zhang, Zhe; Solazzo, Alexa; Gorman, Bridget K. (2020)
      Background: Prior research has found that education's association with health can differ by social positions such as gender. Yet, none of the existing work has tested whether the relationship between education and self-rated health is equivalent across sexual orientation groups, and additionally, if these associations differ for men and women. Deploying ...
    • A Nationally Representative Survey of Faith and Work: Demographic Subgroup Differences around Calling and Conflict 

      Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Bolger, Daniel; Johnson, Laura (2020)
      Research has increasingly highlighted the importance of business leaders allowing people to bring their whole selves to work. And religion is an important part of the whole self for many. However, we lack the large-scale national data needed to explore how Americans see the connections between religion and work. Here, from “Faith at Work: An Empirical ...
    • The Role of Prosocial Behavior in Promoting Physical Activity, as an Indicator of Resilience, in a Low-Income Neighborhood 

      Moore, Quianta L.; Kulesza, Christopher; Kimbro, Rachel; Flores, Daphne; Jackson, Felicia (2020)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prosocial behavior on physical activity, as an indicator of resilience, in a low-income neighborhood with adverse built environment and social conditions. Resilience is an important factor that promotes the ability for individuals to overcome hardships, and understanding resilience as it relates ...
    • From Secular to Sacred: Bringing Work to Church 

      Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Schneider, Rachel C. (2020)
      Work and faith are significant life commitments for many people. Understanding how people integrate these facets of life is important for scholars, faith leaders, and religious communities. We use data from Faith at Work: An Empirical Study, which includes a U.S. general population survey (n = 13,270) and in-depth interviews. Drawing data from a ...
    • Individuals’ Experiences with Religious Hostility, Discrimination, and Violence: Findings from a New National Survey 

      Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2020)
      While concerns about the consequences of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, and other forms of religious bias have grown in the past several years, the data available to examine these issues have been limited. This study utilizes new data from a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults featuring oversamples of key religious minority groups and an ...
    • Urban Ecology in the Time of Climate Change: Houston, Flooding, and the Case of Federal Buyouts 

      Loughran, Kevin; Elliott, James R.; Kennedy, S. Wright (2019)
      This study proposes a shift in sociology’s approach to urban ecology. Rather than foreground the social ecologies that captivated the Chicago and Los Angeles Schools, we join and extend more recent efforts to engage environmental ecologies that successively intersect with those social ecologies over time. To ground our approach, we focus on areas of ...
    • Place, Space, and Racially Unequal Exposures to Pollution at Home and Work 

      Elliott, James R.; Smiley, Kevin T. (2019)
      Research on racial inequalities in exposure to industrial pollution in U.S. metropolitan areas typically focuses on places of residence, ignoring the fact that most people work and commute to other areas to do so. To investigate what these daily commutes mean for understanding place- and space-based disparities in exposure, we merge federally compiled ...
    • Can Religiosity Be Explained by ‘Brain Wiring’? An Analysis of US Adults’ Opinions 

      Mehta, Sharan Kaur; Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2019)
      Studies examining how religion shapes individuals’ attitudes about science have focused heavily on a narrow range of topics, such as evolution. This study expands this literature by looking at how religion influences individuals’ attitudes towards the claim that neuroscience, or “brain wiring,” can explain differences in religiosity. Our analysis of ...
    • Responding to Richard: Celebrity and (mis)representation of science 

      Johnson, David R.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Di, Di; Matthews, Kirstin R.W. (2018)
      Drawing on 48 in-depth interviews conducted with biologists and physicists at universities in the United Kingdom, this study examines scientists’ perceptions of the role celebrity scientists play in socially contentious public debates. We examine Richard Dawkins’ involvement in public debates related to the relationship between science and religion ...
    • As Disaster Costs Rise, So Does Inequality 

      Howell, Junia; Elliott, James R. (2018)
      Across the United States, communities are experiencing increases in the frequency and severity of natural hazards. The pervasiveness and upward trajectory of these damages are worrisome enough, but equally disconcerting are the social inequalities they can leave in their wake. To examine these inequalities, the authors linked county-level damage data ...
    • Perceptions of Religious Discrimination Among U.S. Scientists 

      Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2018)
      Academic scientists in the United States are relatively nonreligious, at least compared to the general population, and some evidence suggests that the professional culture of academic science may foster perceptions of discrimination among scientists who are religious. We examine perceptions of religious discrimination among biologists and physicists ...