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  • Opportunity Seeking Across Segregated Schools: Unintended Effects of Automatic Admission Policies on High School Segregation 

    Fiel, Jeremy E. (2022)
    Automatic admissions policies (AAPs, “percent plans”) redistribute college-going opportunities across segregated high schools to diversify college enrollments, increasing opportunities at predominantly minority high schools. If students “game” AAPs by attending schools with increased opportunities, AAPs could alter racial sorting across high schools. ...
  • Future flooding increases unequal exposure risks to relic industrial pollution 

    Marlow, Thomas; Elliott, James R.; Frickel, Scott (2022)
    Climate change is increasing the probability that urban communities with lengthy histories of land-based industrial pollution and ongoing residential segregation will experience more frequent and destructive flooding in the years ahead. This paper investigates where these past, present, and future forces will converge to potentially produce a new ...
  • Community social environments and cigarette smoking 

    Denney, Justin T.; Sharp, Gregory; Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert (2022)
    Cigarette smoking remains a primary contributor to health disparities in the United States, and significant evidence suggests that smoking behavior is socially influenced. Though residential neighborhoods are important for health disparities, recent evidence suggests that people spend the majority of their waking time away from the residential ...
  • Network resources and educational outcomes among Mexican-origin youth 

    Flores Morales, Josefina; Diaz, Christina J.; Nobles, Jenna; Fletcher, Jason M. (2022)
    Despite schooling gains over the last two decades, Mexican-origin adults complete fewer years of schooling than adults from other ethnic backgrounds. Explanations emphasizing network resources suggest Mexican-origin adolescents have social ties that are more likely to be “closed” from adults with experience in higher education—and this, in turn, ...
  • How Religious Discrimination is Perceived in the Workplace: Expanding the View 

    Schneider, Rachel C.; Carroll Coleman, Deidra; Howard Ecklund, Elaine; Daniels, Denise (2022)
    Although religious discrimination in U.S. workplaces appears to be rising, little is known about how different groups of employees perceive discrimination. Here, the authors draw on 194 in-depth interviews with Muslim, Jewish, Christian, and nonreligious employees to examine perceptions of religious discrimination in the workplace. The authors identify ...
  • (Can’t Get No) Neighborhood Satisfaction? How Multilevel Immigration Factors Shape Latinos’ Neighborhood Attitudes 

    Schachter, Ariela; Sharp, Gregory; Kimbro, Rachel T. (2020)
    How does immigrant generation shape Latinos’ neighborhood attitudes? We extend theoretical frameworks focused on neighborhood attainment to explore how immigrant generation structures Latinos’ neighborhood satisfaction, particularly with respect to neighborhood immigrant composition. Using longitudinal data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood ...
  • Evangelicals, evolution, and inerrancy: a comparative study of congregational boundary work 

    Unsworth, Amy; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    A number of evangelical Christian denominations and networks uphold a specific doctrine of Scripture, stating that the Bible is the ‘inerrant’ word of God. Those who adhere to biblical inerrancy tend to reject literary interpretations of the creation accounts in the Bible and therefore to reject evolutionary theory. Indeed, evolution rejection ...
  • Social Capital and Student Achievement: An Intervention-Based Test of Theory 

    Gamoran, Adam; Miller, Hannah K.; Fiel, Jeremy E.; Valentine, Jessa Lewis (2021)
    Social capital is widely cited as benefiting children’s school performance, but close inspection of existing research yields inconsistent findings. Focusing on intergenerational closure among parents of children in the same school, this article draws from a field experiment to test the effects of social capital on children’s achievement in reading ...
  • Relational Segregation: A Structural View of Categorical Relations 

    Fiel, Jeremy E. (2021)
    This article builds a framework for a relational approach to segregation that emphasizes structures of interactions, transactions, and ties between and within social categories. Rather than explaining segregation with dominants imposing formal rules or homophilic people sorting themselves, I highlight segregation's emergence amid dueling control ...
  • Divergent Residential Pathways from Flood-Prone Areas: How Neighborhood Inequalities Are Shaping Urban Climate Adaptation 

    Elliott, James; Loughran, Kevin; Brown, Phylicia Lee; Department of Sociology (2021)
    Flood risks are rising across the United States, putting the economic and social values of growing numbers of homes at risk. In response, the federal government is funding the purchase and demolition of housing in areas of greatest jeopardy, tacitly promoting residential resettlement as a strategy of climate adaptation, especially in cities. Despite ...
  • Navigating Religion Online: Jewish and Muslim Responses to Social Media 

    Ferguson, Jauhara; Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Rothschild, Connor (2021)
    Although social media use among religious communities is proliferating, significant gaps remain in our understanding of how religious minorities perceive social media in relation to their faith and community. Thus, we ask how individuals use religion to frame moral attitudes around social media for Jews and Muslims. Specifically, how does social media ...
  • The very ivory tower: pathways reproducing racial-ethnic stratification in US academic science 

    Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Salazar, Esmeralda Sánchez; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    We theorized that income racial-ethnic stratification among academic scientists is perpetuated by inequality of scientific capital including institutional prestige, research funding, publishing, and tenure. We tested our model with original survey data of US biologists and physicists (n = 1,160). Findings indicated that white scientists reported ...
  • Polarized Scientists? Exploring Political Differences about Religion and Science among U.S. Biologists and Physicists 

    Mehta, Sharan Kaur; Thomson, Robert A. Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    From the Texas textbook debate to the March for Science, visible displays of activism illuminate how deeply politicized the science‐religion interface has become. However, little is known about the extent to which scientists’ attitudes about science and religion are politicized. Using original survey data from 1,989 U.S. academic biologists and ...
  • Determinants of Confidence in U.S. Institutions: Comparing Congress and Corporations 

    Bolger, Daniel; Thomson, Robert Jr.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2021)
    Objectives: The political discourse surrounding the 2016 U.S. presidential election highlighted discontent with both Congress and corporations, a reality corroborated in recent scholarship highlighting declines in institutional confidence among U.S. citizens. Here we test theories of institutional confidence to understand the social and cultural ...
  • Individuals’ Experiences with Religious Hostility, Discrimination, and Violence: Findings from a New National Survey 

    Scheitle, Christopher P.; Ecklund, Elaine Howard (2020)
    While concerns about the consequences of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, and other forms of religious bias have grown in the past several years, the data available to examine these issues have been limited. This study utilizes new data from a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults featuring oversamples of key religious minority groups and an ...
  • From Secular to Sacred: Bringing Work to Church 

    Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Schneider, Rachel C. (2020)
    Work and faith are significant life commitments for many people. Understanding how people integrate these facets of life is important for scholars, faith leaders, and religious communities. We use data from Faith at Work: An Empirical Study, which includes a U.S. general population survey (n = 13,270) and in-depth interviews. Drawing data from a ...
  • The Role of Prosocial Behavior in Promoting Physical Activity, as an Indicator of Resilience, in a Low-Income Neighborhood 

    Moore, Quianta L.; Kulesza, Christopher; Kimbro, Rachel; Flores, Daphne; Jackson, Felicia (2020)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prosocial behavior on physical activity, as an indicator of resilience, in a low-income neighborhood with adverse built environment and social conditions. Resilience is an important factor that promotes the ability for individuals to overcome hardships, and understanding resilience as it relates ...
  • A Nationally Representative Survey of Faith and Work: Demographic Subgroup Differences around Calling and Conflict 

    Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Daniels, Denise; Bolger, Daniel; Johnson, Laura (2020)
    Research has increasingly highlighted the importance of business leaders allowing people to bring their whole selves to work. And religion is an important part of the whole self for many. However, we lack the large-scale national data needed to explore how Americans see the connections between religion and work. Here, from “Faith at Work: An Empirical ...
  • Education and health: The joint role of gender and sexual identity 

    Zhang, Zhe; Solazzo, Alexa; Gorman, Bridget K. (2020)
    Background: Prior research has found that education's association with health can differ by social positions such as gender. Yet, none of the existing work has tested whether the relationship between education and self-rated health is equivalent across sexual orientation groups, and additionally, if these associations differ for men and women. Deploying ...
  • Indian Scientists' Definitions of Religion and Spirituality 

    Khalsa, Simranjit; Kalinowski, Brenton D.; Howard Ecklund, Elaine (2020)
    Scientists are often assumed to be irreligious and little research has examined the role of religion and spirituality in their lives. Recent research shows that many scientists do articulate a commitment to the sacred and see religion and spirituality as influencing their work. However, we lack a basic understanding of how scientists define religion ...

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