Now showing items 884-903 of 955

    • T Cell Repertoire Diversity Is Decreased in Type 1 Diabetes Patients 

      Tong, Yin; Li, Zhoufang; Zhang, Hua; Xia, Ligang; Zhang, Meng; Xu, Ying; Wang, Zhanhui; Deem, Michael W.; Sun, Xiaojuan; He, Jiankui (2016)
      Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is an immune-mediated disease. The autoreactive T cells in T1D patients attack and destroy their own pancreatic cells. In order to systematically investigate the potential autoreactive T cell ...
    • Temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly optimally doped NaFe0.9785Co0.0215As 

      Song, Yu; Wang, Weiyi; Zhang, Chenglin; Gu, Yanhong; Lu, Xingye; Tan, Guotai; Su, Yixi; Bourdarot, Frédéric; Christianson, A.D.; Li, Shiliang; Dai, Pengcheng (2017)
      We use unpolarized and polarized neutron scattering to study the temperature and polarization dependence of low-energy magnetic fluctuations in nearly optimally doped NaFe0.9785Co0.0215As, with coexisting superconductivi ...
    • Template–Framework Interactions in Tetraethylammonium-Directed Zeolite Synthesis 

      Schmidt, Joel E.; Fu, Donglong; Deem, Michael W.; Weckhuysen, Bert M. (2016)
      Zeolites, having widespread applications in chemical industries, are often synthesized using organic templates. These can be cost-prohibitive, motivating investigations into their role in promoting crystallization. Herein, ...
    • Tensegrity and motor-driven effective interactions in a model cytoskeleton 

      Wang, Shenshen; Wolynes, Peter G. (2012)
      Actomyosin networks are major structural components of the cell. They provide mechanical integrity and allow dynamic remodeling of eukaryotic cells, self-organizing into the diverse patterns essential for development. We ...
    • Terahertz and Infrared Spectroscopy of Gated Large-Area Graphene 

      Ren, Lei; Zhang, Qi; Yao, Jun; Sun, Zhengzong; Kaneko, Ryosuke; Yan, Zheng; Nanot, Sébastien L.; Jin, Zhong; Kawayama, Iwao; Tonouchi, Masayoshi; Tour, James M.; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
      We have fabricated a centimeter-size single-layer graphene device with a gate electrode, which can modulate the transmission of terahertz and infrared waves. Using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy and Fourier-transform ...
    • Ternary CuIn7Se11: Towards Ultra-Thin Layered Photodetectors and Photovoltaic Devices 

      Lei, Sidong; Sobhani, Ali; Wen, Fangfang; George, Antony; Wang, Qizhong; Huang, Yihan; Dong, Pei; Li, Bo; Najmaei, Sina; Bellah, James; Gupta, Gautam; Mohite, Aditya D.; Ge, Liehui; Lou, Jun; Halas, Naomi J.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel (2014)
      2D materials have been widely studied over the past decade for their potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. In these materials, elemental composition plays a critical role in defining their physical ...
    • TESTING DISK-LOCKING IN NGC 2264 

      Cauley, P. Wilson; Johns-Krull, Christopher M.; Hamilton, Catrina M.; Lockhart, Kelly (2012)
      We test analytic predictions from different models of magnetospheric accretion, which invoke disk-locking, using stellar and accretion parameters derived from models of low-resolution optical spectra of 36 T Tauri stars ...
    • Testing the estimated hypothetical response of a major CME impact on Earth and its implications to space weather 

      Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia; Russell, C.T. (2015)
      The high-speed coronal mass ejection (CME), ejected on 23 July 2012, observed by STEREO-A on the same day as the leading edge of the CME arrived at 1AU was unique both in respect to the observed plasma and magnetic structure ...
    • The charged inflaton and its gauge fields: preheating and initial conditions for reheating 

      Lozanov, Kaloian D.; Amin, Mustafa A. (2016)
      We calculate particle production during inflation and in the early stages of reheating after inflation in models with a charged scalar field coupled to Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields. A detailed analysis of the power ...
    • The CMS Modular Track Finder boards, MTF6 and MTF7 

      Acosta, D.; Brown, G.; Carnes, A.; Carver, M.; Curry, D.; Di Giovanni, G.P.; Furic, I.; Kropivnitskaya, A.; Madorsky, A.; Matveev, M.; Padley, P.; Rank, D.; Reeves, C.; Scurlock, B.; Wang, S. (2013)
      To accommodate the increase in energy and luminosity of the upgraded LHC, the CMS Endcap Muon Level 1 Trigger system has to be significantly modified. To provide the best track reconstruction, the Trigger system must now ...
    • Theory of coherent phonons in carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons 

      Sanders, G.D.; Nugraha, A.R.T.; Sato, K.; Kim, J.-H.; Kono, J.; Saito, R.; Stanton, C.J. (2013)
      We survey our recent theoretical studies on the generation and detection of coherent radial breathing mode (RBM) phonons in single-walled carbon nanotubes and coherent radial breathing like mode (RBLM) phonons in graphene ...
    • Thermally driven analog of the Barkhausen effect at the metal-insulator transition in vanadium dioxide 

      Huber-Rodriguez, Benjamin; Kwang, Siu Yi; Hardy, Will J.; Ji, Heng; Chen, Chih-Wei; Morosan, Emilia; Natelson, Douglas (2014)
      The physics of the metal-insulator transition (MIT) inᅠvanadiumᅠdioxide remains a subject of intense interest. Because of the complicating effects of elastic strain on the phase transition, there is interest in comparatively ...
    • Thermodynamic properties of Rashba spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gas 

      Zheng, Zhen; Pu, Han; Zou, Xubo; Guo, Guangcan (2014)
      We investigate the thermodynamic properties of a superfluid Fermi gas subject to Rashba spin-orbit coupling and effective Zeeman field. We adopt a T-matrix scheme that takes beyond-mean-field effects, which are important ...
    • Thermoplasmonics: Quantifying Plasmonic Heating in Single Nanowires 

      Herzog, Joseph B.; Knight, Mark W.; Natelson, Douglas (2014)
      Plasmonic absorption of light can lead to significant local heating in metallic nanostructures, an effect that defines the sub-field of thermoplasmonics and has been leveraged in diverse applications from biomedical ...
    • Third harmonic flow of charged particles in Au + Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2013)
      We report measurements of the third harmonic coefficient of the azimuthal anisotropy, v3, known as triangular flow. The analysis is for charged particles in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV, based on data from the STAR ...
    • Three-Dimensional Crystallization of Vortex Strings in Frustrated Quantum Magnets 

      Wang, Zhentao; Kamiya, Yoshitomo; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Batista, Cristian D. (2015)
      We demonstrate that frustrated exchange interactions can produce exotic 3D crystals of vortex strings near the saturation field (H=Hsat) of body- and face-centered cubic Mott insulators. The combination of cubic symmetry ...
    • Three-Dimensional, Spin-Resolved Structure of Magnetic Vortex and Antivortex States in Patterned Co Films Using Scanning Ion Microscopy with Polarization Analysis 

      Li, J.; Rau, C. (2006)
      Scanning ion microscopy with polarization analysis is utilized for three-dimensional spin mapping of the surface magnetization (SM) of circular Co dots created inᅠsitu by focused ion beam etching of 30ᅠnm thin Co/Si(100) ...
    • The three-way switch operation of Rac1/RhoA GTPase-based circuit controlling amoeboid-hybrid-mesenchymal transition 

      Huang, Bin; Lu, Mingyang; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Tsarfaty, Ilan; Onuchic, José; Ben-Jacob, Eshel (2014)
      Metastatic carcinoma cells exhibit at least two different phenotypes of motility and invasion - amoeboid and mesenchymal. This plasticity poses a major clinical challenge for treating metastasis, while its underlying ...
    • Time resolved spectroscopy of SGR J1550−5418 bursts detected with Fermi/gamma-ray burst monitor 

      Younes, G.; Kouveliotou, C.; van der Horst, A.J.; Baring, M.G.; Granot, J.; Watts, A.L.; Bhat, P.N.; Collazzi, A.; Gehrels, N.; Gorgone, N.; Gogus, E.; Gruber, D.; Grunblatt, S.; Huppenkothen, D.; Kaneko, Y.; von Kienlin, A.; van der Klis, M.; Lin, L.; Mcenery, J.; van Putten, T.; Wijers, R.A.M.J. (2014)
      We report on a time-resolved spectroscopy of the 63 brightest bursts of SGR J1550–5418, detected with the Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor during its 2008-2009 intense bursting episode. We performed spectral analysis down to ...
    • Time-Dependent Impurity in Ultracold Fermions: Orthogonality Catastrophe and Beyond 

      Knap, Michael; Shashi, Aditya; Nishida, Yusuke; Imambekov, Adilet; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Demler, Eugene (2012)
      The recent experimental realization of strongly imbalanced mixtures of ultracold atoms opens new possibilities for studying impurity dynamics in a controlled setting. In this paper, we discuss how the techniques of atomic ...