Now showing items 153-172 of 627

  • Genomics-aided structure prediction 

    Sulkowska, Joanna I.; Morcos, Faruck; Weigt, Martin; Hwa, Terence; Onuchic, José N. (2012)
    We introduce a theoretical framework that exploits the everincreasing genomic sequence information for protein structure prediction. Structure-based models are modified to incorporate constraints by a large number of ...
  • Giant tunable Faraday effect in a semiconductor magneto-plasma for broadband terahertz polarization optics 

    Arikawa, Takashi; Wang, Xiangfeng; Belyanin, Alexey A.; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
    We report on a giant Faraday effect in an electron plasma in n- InSb probed via polarization-resolved terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy. Polarization rotation angles and ellipticities reach as large as π/2 and ...
  • GRB110721A: An Extreme Peak Energy and Signatures of the Photosphere 

    Baring, M.G.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cameron, R.A.; Caraveo, P.A.; Cecchi, C.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Claus, R.; Conrad, J.; Cutini, S.; D'Ammando, F.; de Palma, F.; Dermer, C.D.; do Couto e Silva, E.; Drell, P.S.; Favuzzi, C.; Fegan, S.J.; Ferrara, E.C.; Focke, W.B.; Fukazawa, Y.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giglietto, N.; Giroletti, M.; Godfrey, G.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Hayashida, M.; Hou, X.; Iyyani, S.; Jackson, M.S.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Larsson, J.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lundman, C.; Mazziotta, M.N.; McEnery, J.E.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M.E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Murgia, S.; Nuss, E.; Nymark, T.; Ohno, M.; Omodei, N.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Racusin, J.L.; Rainò, S.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sanchez, D.A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E.J.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Stamatikos, M.; Tibaldo, L.; Tinivella, M.; Usher, T.L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Vianello, G.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A.P.; Winer, B.L.; Wood, K.S.; Burgess, J.M.; Bhat, P.N.; Bissaldi, E.; Briggs, M.S.; Connaughton, V.; Fishman, G.; Fitzpatrick, G.; Foley, S.; Gruber, D.; Kippen, R.M.; Kouveliotou, C.; Jenke, P.; McBreen, S.; McGlynn, S.; Meegan, C.; Paciesas, W.S.; Pelassa, V.; Preece, R.; Tierney, D.; von Kienlin, A.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Xiong, S.; Pe'er, A.; Pe'er, A. (2012)
    GRB110721A was observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope using its two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). The burst consisted of one major emission episode which lasted ...
  • Ground-based magnetometer determination of in situ Pc4–5 ULF electric field wave spectra as a function of solar wind speed 

    Rae, I. Jonathan; Mann, Ian R.; Murphy, Kyle R.; Ozeke, Louis G.; Milling, David K.; Chan, Anthony A.; Elkington, Scot R.; Honary, Farideh (2012)
    We present a statistical characterization of ground-based ultra-low-frequency ( 1–15 mHz) magnetic wave power spectral densities (PSDs) as a function of latitude (corresponding to dipole L-shells from L 2.5–8), local ...
  • Growth and Collapse of a Bose-Einstein Condensate with Attractive Interactions 

    Sackett, C.A.; Stoof, H.T.C.; Hulet, R.G. (1998)
    We consider the dynamics of a quantum degenerate trapped gas of 7Li atoms. Because the atoms have a negative s-wave scattering length, a Bose condensate of 7Li becomes mechanically unstable when the number of condensate ...
  • Heavy-fermion quantum criticality and destruction of the Kondo effect in a nickelᅠoxypnictide 

    Luo, Yongkang; Pourovskii, Leonid; Rowley, S.E.; Li, Yuke; Feng, Chunmu; Georges, Antoine; Dai, Jianhui; Cao, Guanghan; Xu, Zhu’an; Si, Qimiao; Ong, N.P. (2014)
    A quantum critical point arises at a continuous transformation between distinct phases of matter at zero temperature. Studies in antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion materials have revealed that quantum criticality has several ...
  • Hierarchy in gene expression is predictive of risk, progression, and outcome in adult acute myeloid leukemia 

    Tripathi, Shubham; Deem, Michael W. (2015)
    Cancer progresses with a change in the structure of the gene network in normal cells. We define a measure of organizational hierarchy in gene networks of affected cells in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. With ...
  • Hierarchy of gene expression data is predictive of future breast cancer outcome 

    Chen, Man; Deem, Michael W. (2013)
    We calculate measures of hierarchy in gene and tissue networks of breast cancer patients. We find that the likelihood of metastasis in the future is correlated with increased values of network hierarchy for expression ...
  • High-Ampacity Power Cables of Tightly-Packed and Aligned Carbon Nanotubes 

    Wang, Xuan; Behabtu, Natnael; Young, Colin C.; Tsentalovich, Dmitri E.; Pasquali, Matteo; Kono, Junichiro (2014)
    The current-carrying capacity (CCC), or ampacity, of highly-conductive, light, and strong carbon nanotube (CNT) fibers is characterized by measuring their failure current density (FCD) and continuous current rating (CCR) ...
  • A high-throughput three-dimensional cell migration assay for toxicity screening with mobile device-based macroscopic image analysis 

    Timm, David M.; Chen, Jianbo; Sing, David; Gage, Jacob A.; Haisler, William L.; Neeley, Shane K.; Raphael, Robert M.; Dehghani, Mehdi; Rosenblatt, Kevin P.; Killian, T.C.; Tseng, Hubert; Souza, Glauco R. (2013)
    There is a growing demand for in vitro assays for toxicity screening in three-dimensional (3D) environments. In this study, 3D cell culture using magnetic levitation was used to create an assay in which cells were patterned ...
  • How input fluctuations reshape the dynamics of a biological switching system 

    Hu, Bo; Kessler, David A.; Rappel, Wouter-Jan; Levine, Herbert (2012)
    An important task in quantitative biology is to understand the role of stochasticity in biochemical regulation. Here, as an extension of our recent work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 148101 (2011)], we study how input ...
  • How input noise limits biochemical sensing in ultrasensitive systems 

    Hu, Bo; Rappel, Wouter-Jan; Levine, Herbert (2014)
    Many biological processes are regulated by molecular devices that respond in an ultrasensitive fashion to upstream signals. An important question is whether such ultrasensitivity improves or limits its ability to read out ...
  • Hyperfine structure in photoassociative spectra of Li26 and Li2 

    Abraham, E.R.I.; McAlexander, W.I.; Stoof, H.T.C.; Hulet, R.G. (1996)
    We present spectra of hyperfine resolved vibrational levels of the A1Σ+uand 13Σ+g states of Li26 and Li27 obtained via photoassociation of colliding ultracold atoms in a magneto-optical trap. A simple first-order perturbation ...
  • Identification of b-quark jets with the CMS experiment 

    CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2013)
    At the Large Hadron Collider, the identification of jets originating from b quarks is important for searches for new physics and for measurements of standard model processes. A variety of algorithms has been developed by ...
  • Identification techniques for highly boosted W bosons that decay into hadrons 

    CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
    In searches for new physics in the energy regime of the LHC, it is becoming increasingly important to distinguish single-jet objects that originate from the merging of the decay products of W bosons produced with high ...
  • Identified Hadron Compositions in p+p and Au+Au Collisions at High Transverse Momenta at √sNN=200  GeV 

    STAR Collaboration; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Yepes, P. (2012)
    We report transverse momentum (pT≤15  GeV/c) spectra of π±, K±, p, p¯, K0S, and ρ0 at midrapidity in p+p and Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200  GeV. Perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with π± spectra in p+p collisions ...
  • Imaging molecular adsorption and desorption dynamics on graphene using terahertz emission spectroscopy 

    Sano, Y.; Kawayama, I.; Tabata, M.; Salek, K.A.; Murakami, H.; Wang, M.; Vajtai, R.; Ajayan, P.M.; Kono, J.; Tonouchi, M. (2014-08-13)
    Being an atomically thin material, graphene is known to be extremely susceptible to its environment, including defects and phonons in the substrate on which it is placed as well as gas molecules that surround it. Thus, any ...
  • Imaging the evolution of an ultracold strontium Rydberg gas 

    McQuillen, P.; Zhang, X.; Strickler, T.; Dunning, F.B.; Killian, T.C. (2013-01-07)
    Clouds of ultracold strontium 5s48s1S0 or 5s47d1D2 Rydberg atoms are created by two-photon excitation of laser-cooled 5s21S0 atoms. The spontaneous evolution of the cloud of low orbital angular momentum (low-ℓ) Rydberg ...
  • Improvements in short-term forecasting of geomagnetic activity 

    Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia (2012)
    We have improved our space weather forecasting algorithms to now predict Dst and AE in addition to Kp for up to 6 h of forecast times. These predictions can be accessed in real time at http://mms.rice. edu/realtime/for ...