Now showing items 153-172 of 705

    • Fermi-edge superfluorescence from a quantum-degenerate electron-hole gas 

      Kim, Ji-Hee; Noe, G. Timothy II; McGill, Stephen A.; Wang, Yongrui; Wojcik, Aleksander K.; Belyanin, Alexey A.; Kono, Junichiro (2013)
      Nonequilibrium can be a source of order. This rather counterintuitive statement has been proven to be true through a variety of fluctuation-driven, self-organization behaviors exhibited by out-of-equilibrium, many-body ...
    • Ferromagnetic Order at (100) p(1×1) Surfaces of Bulk Paramagnetic Vanadium 

      Rau, C.; Liu, C.; Schmalzbauer, A.; Xing, G. (1986)
      Electron-capture spectroscopy has been used to investigate magnetic order at the topmost atomic layer of atomically clean and flat (100) surfaces of bulk paramagnetic vanadium. From low-energy electron diffraction measurements, ...
    • Ferromagnetic order at surfaces of ultrathin epitaxial fcc γ-Fe(111)p(11) films on Cu(111) 

      Rau, C.; Schneider, C.; Xing, G.; Jamison, K. (1986)
      Electron-capture spectroscopy has been used to investigate long-ranged and short-ranged two-dimensional magnetic order at free (uncoated) surfaces of homogeneous (island-free), ultrathin fcc γ-Fe(111)(1×1) films pseudomorphically ...
    • Field-induced long-range magnetic order in the spin-singlet ground-state system YbAl3C3: Neutron diffraction study 

      Khalyavin, D.D.; Adroja, D.T.; Manuel, P.; Daoud-Aladine, A.; Kosaka, M.; Kondo, K.; McEwen, K.A.; Pixley, J.H.; Si, Qimiao (2013)
      The 4f-electron system YbAl3C3 with a nonmagnetic spin-dimer ground state has been studied by neutron diffraction in an applied magnetic field. A long-range magnetic order involving both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ...
    • Finite population size effects in quasispecies models with single-peak fitness landscape 

      Saakian, David B.; Deem, Michael W.; Hu, Chin-Kun (2012-04)
      We consider finite population size effects for Crow-Kimura and Eigen quasispecies models with single-peak fitness landscape. We formulate accurately the iteration procedure for the finite population models, then derive the ...
    • Finite-range corrections near a Feshbach resonance and their role in the Efimov effect 

      Dyke, P.; Pollack, S.E.; Hulet, R.G. (2013)
      We have measured the binding energy of 7Li Feshbach molecules deep into the nonuniversal regime by associating atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate with a modulated magnetic field. We extract the scattering length from these ...
    • The First Pulse of the Extremely Bright GRB 130427A: A Test Lab for Synchrotron Shocks 

      Preece, R.; Burgess, J. Michael; von Kienlin, A.; Bhat, P.N.; Briggs, M.S.; Byrne, D.; Chaplin, V.; Cleveland, W.; Collazzi, A.C.; Connaughton, V.; Diekmann, A.; Fitzpatrick, G.; Foley, S.; Gibby, M.; Giles, M.; Goldstein, A.; Greiner, J.; Gruber, D.; Jenke, P.; Kippen, R.M.; Kouveliotou, C.; McBreen, S.; Meegan, C.; Paciesas, W.S.; Pelassa, V.; Tierney, D.; van der Horst, A.J.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Xiong, S.; Younes, G.; Yu, H.-F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Baring, M.G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bissaldi, E.; Bonamente, E.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cameron, R.A.; Caraveo, P.A.; Cecchi, C.; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L.R.; Conrad, J.; D'Ammando, F.; de Angelis, A.; de Palma, F.; Dermer, C.D.; Desiante, R.; Digel, S.W.; Di Venere, L.; Drell, P.S.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Godfrey, G.; Granot, J.; Grenier, I.A.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A.K.; Hayashida, M.; Iyyani, S.; Jogler, T.; Jóhannesson, G.; Kawano, T.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Larsson, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M.N.; Lubrano, P.; Mayer, M.; Mazziotta, M.N.; Michelson, P.F.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M.E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Murgia, S.; Nemmen, R.; Nuss, E.; Nymark, T.; Ohno, M.; Ohsugi, T.; Okumura, A.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Paneque, D.; Perkins, J.S.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Porter, T.A.; Racusin, J.L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Ritz, S.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sartori, A.; Scargle, J.D.; Schulz, A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E.J.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Suson, D.J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Thayer, J.G.; Thayer, J.B.; Tibaldo, L.; Tinivella, M.; Torres, D.F.; Tosti, G.; Troja, E.; Usher, T.L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Vianello, G.; Vitale, V.; Werner, M.; Winer, B.L.; Wood, K.S.; Zhu, S. (2014)
      Gamma-ray burst (GRB) 130427A is one of the most energetic GRBs ever observed. The initial pulse up to 2.5 seconds is possibly the brightest well-isolated pulse observed to date. A fine time resolution spectral analysis ...
    • Fluctuating mobility generation and transport in glasses 

      Wisitsorasak, Apiwat; Wolynes, Peter G. (2013)
      In the context of the random first order transition theory we use an extended mode coupling theory of the glass transition that includes activated events to account for spatiotemporal structures in rejuvenating glasses. ...
    • Fluctuations of charge separation perpendicular to the event plane and local parity violation in √sNN=200 GeV Au + Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2013)
      Previous experimental results based on data (∼15×106 events) collected by the STAR detector at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider suggest event-by-event charge-separation fluctuations perpendicular to the event plane ...
    • Fluid Electric Force Microscopy for Charge Density Mapping in Biological Systems 

      Johnson, Amber S.; Nehl, Colleen L.; Mason, Monica G.; Hafner, Jason H. (2003-10-06)
    • Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains 

      Strecker, Kevin E.; Partridge, Guthrie B.; Truscott, Andrew G.; Hulet, Randall G. (2002)
      Attraction between the atoms of a Bose-Einstein condensate renders it unstable to collapse, although a condensate with a limited number of atoms [1] can be stabilized [2] by confinement in an atom trap. However, beyond ...
    • Forward energy flow, central charged-particle multiplicities, and pseudorapidity gaps in W and Z boson events from pp collisions at √s=7 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      A study of forward energy flow and central charged-particle multiplicity in events with W and Z bosons decaying into leptons is presented. The analysis uses a sample of 7 TeV pp collisions, corresponding to an integrated ...
    • Forward–backward asymmetry of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s=7 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      A measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry (AFB) of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s=7 TeV is presented. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5 fb−1. ...
    • Free energy landscape for the binding process of Huperzine A to acetylcholinesterase 

      Bai, Fang; Xu, Yechun; Chen, Jing; Liu, Qiufeng; Gu, Junfeng; Wang, Xicheng; Ma, Jianpeng; Li, Honglin; Onuchic, José N.; Jiang, Hualiang (2012)
      Drug-target residence time (t = 1/koff, where koff is the dissociation rate constant) has become an important index in discovering betteror best-in-class drugs. However, little effort has been dedicated to developing ...
    • Freeze-out dynamics via charged kaon femtoscopy in √sNN=200 GeV central Au + Au collisions 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2013)
      We present measurements of three-dimensional correlation functions of like-sign, low-transverse-momentum kaon pairs from √sNN=200 GeV Au+Au collisions. A Cartesian surface-spherical harmonic decomposition technique was ...
    • From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties 

      Byers, Chad P.; Zhang, Hui; Swearer, Dayne F.; Yorulmaz, Mustafa; Hoener, Benjamin S.; Huang, Da; Hoggard, Anneli; Chang, Wei-Shun; Mulvaney, Paul; Ringe, Emilie; Halas, Naomi J.; Nordlander, Peter; Link, Stephan; Landes, Christy F. (2015)
      The optical properties of metallic nanoparticles are highly sensitive to interparticle distance, giving rise to dramatic but frequently irreversible color changes. By electrochemical modification of individual nanoparticles ...
    • Frustration in biomolecules 

      Ferreiro, Diego U.; Komives, Elizabeth A.; Wolynes, Peter G. (2014)
      Biomolecules are the prime information processing elements of living matter. Most of these inanimate systems are polymers that compute their own structures and dynamics using as input seemingly random character strings of ...
    • Fundamental optical processes in armchair carbon nanotubes 

      Haroz, Erik H.; Duque, Juan G.; Tu, Xiaomin; Zheng, Ming; Walker, Angela R. Hight; Hauge, Robert H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Kono, Junichiro (2013)
      Single-wall carbon nanotubes provide ideal model one-dimensional (1-D) condensed matter systems in which to address fundamental questions in many-body physics, while, at the same time, they are leading candidates for ...
    • Funneling and frustration in the energy landscapes of some designed and simplified proteins 

      Truong, Ha H.; Kim, Bobby L.; Schafer, Nicholas P.; Wolynes, Peter G. (2013)
      We explore the similarities and differences between the energy landscapes of proteins that have been selected by nature and those of some proteins designed by humans. Natural proteins have evolved to function as well as ...