Now showing items 21-40 of 226

  • Petawatt laser absorption bounded 

    Levy, Matthew C.; Wilks, Scott C.; Tabak, Max; Libby, Stephen B.; Baring, Matthew G. (2014)
    The interaction of petawatt (1015W) lasers with solid matter forms the basis for advanced scientific applications such as table-top particle accelerators, ultrafast imaging systems and laser fusion. Key metrics for these ...
  • Topological protection, disorder, and interactions: Survival at the surface of three-dimensional topological superconductors 

    Foster, Matthew S.; Xie, Hong-Yi; Chou, Yang-Zhi (2014)
    We consider the interplay of disorder and interactions upon the gapless surface states of 3D topological superconductors. The combination of topology and superconducting order inverts the action of time-reversal symmetry, ...
  • Two-component polariton condensate in an optical microcavity 

    Zhang, Yong-Chang; Zhou, Xiang-Fa; Guo, Guang-Can; Zhou, Xingxiang; Pu, Han; Zhou, Zheng-Wei (2014)
    We present a scheme for engineering the extended two-component Bose-Hubbard model using polariton condensate supported by an optical microcavity. Compared to the usual two-component Bose-Hubbard model with only Kerr ...
  • Validating the Rice neural network and the Wing Kp real-time models 

    Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia (2014)
    The Rice neural network models of Kp have been running in real time at http://mms.rice.edu/realtime/forecast.html since October 2007; Dst and AE models were added to our operations in May 2010. All these models use the ...
  • Impurity-Induced Plasmon Damping in Individual Cobalt-Doped Hollow Au Nanoshells 

    Thibodeaux, Christyn A.; Kulkarni, Vikram; Chang, Wei-Shun; Neumann, Oara; Cao, Yang; Brinson, Bruce; Ayala-Orozco, Ciceron; Chen, Chih-Wei; Morosan, Emilia; Link, Stephan; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2014)
    The optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles in the size range corresponding to the electrostatic, or dipole, limit have the potential to reveal effects otherwise masked by phase retardation. Here we examine the optical ...
  • Nanoparticles Heat through Light Localization 

    Hogan, Nathaniel J.; Urban, Alexander S.; Ayala-Orozco, Ciceron; Pimpinelli, Alberto; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2014)
    Aqueous solutions containing light-absorbing nanoparticles have recently been shown to produce steam at high efficiencies upon solar illumination, even when the temperature of the bulk fluid volume remains far below its ...
  • Electrically tunable hot-silicon terahertz attenuator 

    Wang, Minjie; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Kono, Junichiro (2014)
    We have developed a continuously tunable, broadband terahertz attenuator with a transmission tuning range greater than 103. Attenuation tuning is achieved electrically, by simply changing the DC voltage applied to a heating ...
  • Ternary CuIn7Se11: Towards Ultra-Thin Layered Photodetectors and Photovoltaic Devices 

    Lei, Sidong; Sobhani, Ali; Wen, Fangfang; George, Antony; Wang, Qizhong; Huang, Yihan; Dong, Pei; Li, Bo; Najmaei, Sina; Bellah, James; Gupta, Gautam; Mohite, Aditya D.; Ge, Liehui; Lou, Jun; Halas, Naomi J.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel (2014)
    2D materials have been widely studied over the past decade for their potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. In these materials, elemental composition plays a critical role in defining their physical ...
  • Observational Tests of Magnetospheric Accretion Models in Young Stars 

    Johns-Krull, Christopher M.; Cauley, P. Wilson (2014)
    Magnetically controlled accretion of disk material onto the surface of Classical T Tauri stars is the dominant paradigm in our understanding of how these young stars interact with their surrounding disks. These stars provide ...
  • Enhanced noise at high bias in atomic-scale Au break junctions 

    Chen, Ruoyu; Wheeler, Patrick J.; Di Ventra, M.; Natelson,D. (2014)
    Heating in nanoscale systems driven out of equilibrium is of fundamental importance, has ramifications for technological applications, and is a challenge to characterize experimentally. Prior experiments using nanoscale ...
  • Probing color coherence effects in pp collisions at √s = 7TeV 

    CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
    A study of color coherence effects in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data used in the analysis were collected in 2010 with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated ...
  • Simulated magnetopause losses and Van Allen Probe flux dropouts 

    Hudson, M.K.; Baker, D.N.; Goldstein, J.; Kress, B.T.; Paral, J.; Toffoletto, F.R.; Wiltberger, M. (2014)
    Three radiation belt flux dropout events seen by the Relativistic Electron Proton Telescope soon after launch of the Van Allen Probes in 2012 (Baker et al., 2013a) have been simulated using the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry MHD code ...
  • RCM-E simulation of bimodal transport in the plasma sheet 

    Yang, Jian; Wolf, Richard A.; Toffoletto, Frank R.; Sazykin, Stanislav; Wang, Chih-Ping (2014)
    Plasma sheet transport is bimodal, consisting of both large-scale adiabatic convection and intermittent bursty flows in both earthward and tailward directions. We present two comparison simulations with the Rice Convection ...
  • Integrated strategy reveals the protein interface between cancer targets Bcl-2 and NAF-1 

    Tamir, Sagi; Rotem-Bamberger, Shahar; Katz, Chen; Morcos, Faruck; Hailey, Kendra L.; Zuris, John A.; Wang, Charles; Conlan, Andrea R.; Lipper, Colin H.; Paddock, Mark L.; Mittler, Ron; Onuchic, José N.; Jennings, Patricia A.; Friedler, Assaf; Nechushtai, Rachel (2014)
    Life requires orchestrated control of cell proliferation, cell maintenance, and cell death. Involved in these decisions are protein complexes that assimilate a variety of inputs that report on the status of the cell and ...
  • Time resolved spectroscopy of SGR J1550−5418 bursts detected with Fermi/gamma-ray burst monitor 

    Younes, G.; Kouveliotou, C.; van der Horst, A.J.; Baring, M.G.; Granot, J.; Watts, A.L.; Bhat, P.N.; Collazzi, A.; Gehrels, N.; Gorgone, N.; Gogus, E.; Gruber, D.; Grunblatt, S.; Huppenkothen, D.; Kaneko, Y.; von Kienlin, A.; van der Klis, M.; Lin, L.; Mcenery, J.; van Putten, T.; Wijers, R.A.M.J. (2014)
    We report on a time-resolved spectroscopy of the 63 brightest bursts of SGR J1550–5418, detected with the Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor during its 2008-2009 intense bursting episode. We performed spectral analysis down to ...
  • Studies of dijet transverse momentum balance and pseudorapidity distributions in pPb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV 

    The CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
    Dijet production has been measured in pPb collisions at a nucleon–nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. A data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 nb−1 was collected using the Compact Muon Solenoid ...
  • Thermoplasmonics: Quantifying Plasmonic Heating in Single Nanowires 

    Herzog, Joseph B.; Knight, Mark W.; Natelson, Douglas (2014)
    Plasmonic absorption of light can lead to significant local heating in metallic nanostructures, an effect that defines the sub-field of thermoplasmonics and has been leveraged in diverse applications from biomedical ...
  • Efficient three-photon excitation of quasi-one-dimensional strontium Rydberg atoms with n ~ 300 

    Ye, S.; Zhang, X.; Dunning, F.B.; Yoshida, S.; Hiller, M.; Burgdorfer, J. (2014)
    The efficient production of very-high-n, n ~ 300, quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) strontium Rydberg atoms through three-photon excitation of extreme Stark states in the presence of a weak dc field is demonstrated using a ...
  • Pierced Lasso Bundles Are a New Class of Knot-like Motifs 

    Haglund, Ellinor; Sulkowska, Joanna I.; Noel, Jeffrey K.; Lammert, Heiko; Onuchic, José N.; Jennings, Patricia A. (2014)
    A four-helix bundle is a well-characterized motif often used as a target for designed pharmaceutical therapeutics and nutritional supplements. Recently, we discovered a new structural complexity within this motif created ...
  • Observation of the Associated Production of a Single Top Quark and a W Boson in pp Collisions at √s=8 TeV 

    CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
    The first observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson is presented. The analysis is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.2  fb−1 of proton-proton collisions ...