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  • Effects of etchants in the transfer of chemical vapor deposited graphene 

    Wang, M.; Yang, E.H.; Vajtai, R.; Kono, J.; Ajayan, P.M. (2018)
    The quality of graphene can be strongly modified during the transfer process following chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth. Here, we transferred CVD-grown graphene from a copper foil to a SiO2/Si substrate using wet ...
  • Quantum Multicriticality near the Dirac-Semimetal to Band-Insulator Critical Point in Two Dimensions: A Controlled Ascent from One Dimension 

    Roy, Bitan; Foster, Matthew S. (2018)
    We compute the effects of generic short-range interactions on gapless electrons residing at the quantum critical point separating a two-dimensional Dirac semimetal and a symmetry-preserving band insulator. The electronic ...
  • Phylogenetic analysis of the CDGSH iron-sulfur binding domain reveals its ancient origin 

    Sengupta, Soham; Nechushtai, Rachel; Jennings, Patricia A.; Onuchic, José N.; Padilla, Pamela A.; Azad, Rajeev K.; Mittler, Ron (2018)
    The iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S) binding motif CDGSH appears in many important plant and animal proteins that regulate iron and reactive oxygen metabolism. In human it is found in CISD1-3 proteins involved in diabetes, obesity, ...
  • Targeting CPT1A-mediated fatty acid oxidation sensitizes nasopharyngeal carcinoma to radiation therapy 

    Tan, Zheqiong; Xiao, Lanbo; Tang, Min; Bai, Fang; Li, Jiangjiang; Li, Liling; Shi, Feng; Li, Namei; Li, Yueshuo; Du, Qianqian; Lu, Jingchen; Weng, Xinxian; Yi, Wei; Zhang, Hanwen; Fan, Jia; Zhou, Jian; Gao, Qiang; Onuchic, José N.; Bode, Ann M.; Luo, Xiangjian; Cao, Ya (2018)
    Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has a particularly high prevalence in southern China, southeastern Asia and northern Africa. Radiation resistance remains a serious obstacle to successful treatment in NPC. This study aimed ...
  • Modularity of the metabolic gene network as a prognostic biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma 

    Ye, Fengdan; Jia, Dongya; Lu, Mingyang; Levine, Herbert; Deem, Michael W. (2018)
    Abnormal metabolism is an emerging hallmark of cancer. Cancer cells utilize both aerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) for energy production and biomass synthesis. Understanding the metabolic reprogramming ...
  • Synthetic Landau Levels and Spinor Vortex Matter on a Haldane Spherical Surface with a Magnetic Monopole 

    Zhou, Xiang-Fa; Wu, Congjun; Guo, Guang-Can; Wang, Ruquan; Pu, Han; Zhou, Zheng-Wei (2018)
    We present a flexible scheme to realize exact flat Landau levels on curved spherical geometry in a system of spinful cold atoms. This is achieved by applying the Floquet engineering of a magnetic quadrupole field to create ...
  • Flexible and stackable terahertz metamaterials via silver-nanoparticle inkjet printing 

    Kashiwagi, K.; Xie, L.; Li, X.; Kageyama, T.; Miura, M.; Miyashita, H.; Kono, J.; Lee, S.-S. (2018)
    There is presently much interest in tunable, flexible, or reconfigurable metamaterial structures that work in the terahertz frequency range. They can be useful for a range of applications, including spectroscopy, sensing, ...
  • Spin-exchange-induced spin-orbit coupling in a superfluid mixture 

    Chen, Li; Zhu, Chuanzhou; Zhang, Yunbo; Pu, Han (2018)
    We investigate the ground-state properties of a dual-species spin-1/2 Bose-Einstein condensate. One of the species is subjected to a pair of Raman laser beams that induces spin-orbit (SO) coupling, whereas the other species ...
  • Intersubband plasmons in the quantum limit in gated and aligned carbon nanotubes 

    Yanagi, Kazuhiro; Okada, Ryotaro; Ichinose, Yota; Yomogida, Yohei; Katsutani, Fumiya; Gao, Weilu; Kono, Junichiro (2018)
    Confined electrons collectively oscillate in response to light, resulting in a plasmon resonance whose frequency is determined by the electron density and the size and shape of the confinement structure. Plasmons in metallic ...
  • Analytic ground state wave functions of mean-fieldᅠpx+ipy superconductors with vortices and boundaries 

    Wang, Zhiyuan; Hazzard, Kaden R.A. (2018)
    We study Read and Green's mean-field model of the spinless px+ipy superconductor [N. Read and D. Green, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10267 (2000)] at a special set of parameters where we find the analytic expressions for the topologically ...
  • Theory of excitation of Rydberg polarons in an atomic quantum gas 

    Schmidt, R.; Whalen, J.D.; Ding, R.; Camargo, F.; Woehl, G. Jr.; Yoshida, S.; Burgdörfer, J.; Dunning, F.B.; Demler, E.; Sadeghpour, H.R.; Killian, T.C. (2018)
    We present a quantum many-body description of the excitation spectrum of Rydberg polarons in a Bose gas. The many-body Hamiltonian is solved with a functional determinant approach, and we extend this technique to describe ...
  • Unconventional and conventional quantum criticalities in CeRh0.58Ir0.42In5 

    Luo, Yongkang; Lu, Xin; Dioguardi, Adam P.; Rosa, Priscila S.F.; Bauer, Eric D.; Si, Qimiao; Thompson, Joe D. (2018)
    An appropriate description of the state of matter that appears as a second order phase transition is tuned toward zero temperature, viz. quantum-critical point (QCP), poses fundamental and still not fully answered questions. ...
  • Band Jahn-Teller structural phase transition inᅠY2In 

    Svanidze, E.; Georgen, C.; Hallas, A.M.; Huang, Q.; Santiago, J.M.; Lynn, J.W.; Morosan, E. (2018)
    The number of paramagnetic materials that undergo a structural phase transition is rather small, which can perhaps explain the limited understanding of the band Jahn-Teller mechanism responsible for this effect. Here we ...
  • Elucidating the Metabolic Plasticity of Cancer: Mitochondrial Reprogramming and Hybrid Metabolic States 

    Jia, Dongya; Park, Jun Hyoung; Jung, Kwang Hwa; Levine, Herbert; Kaipparettu, Benny Abraham (2018)
    Aerobic glycolysis, also referred to as the Warburg effect, has been regarded as the dominant metabolic phenotype in cancer cells for a long time. More recently, it has been shown that mitochondria in most tumors are not ...
  • Resonant Inverse Compton Scattering Spectra from Highly Magnetized Neutron Stars 

    Wadiasingh, Zorawar; Baring, Matthew G.; Gonthier, Peter L.; Harding, Alice K. (2018)
    Hard, nonthermal, persistent pulsed X-ray emission extending between 10 and ~150 keV has been observed in nearly 10 magnetars. For inner-magnetospheric models of such emission, resonant inverse Compton scattering of soft ...
  • Van Allen Probes Observations of Second Harmonic Poloidal Standing Alfvén Waves 

    Takahashi, Kazue; Oimatsu, Satoshi; Nosé, Masahito; Min, Kyungguk; Claudepierre, Seth G.; Chan, Anthony; Wygant, John; Kim, Hyomin (2018)
    Long-lasting second-harmonic poloidal standing Alfvén waves (P2 waves) were observed by the twin Van Allen Probes (Radiation Belt Storm Probes, or RBSP) spacecraft in the noon sector of the plasmasphere, when the spacecraft ...
  • Synthetic dimensions in ultracold polar molecules 

    Sundar, Bhuvanesh; Gadway, Bryce; Hazzard, Kaden R.A. (2018)
    Synthetic dimensions alter one of the most fundamental properties in nature, the dimension of space. They allow, for example, a real three-dimensional system to act as effectively four-dimensional. Driven by such possibilities, ...
  • Scaling of Relativistic Shear Flows with the Bulk Lorentz Factor 

    Liang, Edison; Fu, Wen; Böttcher, Markus; Roustazadeh, Parisa (2018)
    We compare Particle-in-cell simulation results of relativistic electron–ion shear flows with different bulk Lorentz factors, and discuss their implications for spine-sheath models of blazar versus gamma-ray burst (GRB) ...
  • Direct observation of spin excitation anisotropy in the paramagnetic orthorhombic state of BaFe2−xNixAs2 

    Man, Haoran; Zhang, Rui; Park, J.T.; Lu, Xingye; Kulda, J.; Ivanov, A.; Dai, Pengcheng (2018)
    We use transport and inelastic neutron-scattering measurements to investigate single crystals of iron pnictide BaFe2−xNixAs2(x=0,0.03), which exhibit a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at Ts and stripe ...
  • Creation of Rydberg Polarons in a Bose Gas 

    Camargo, F.; Schmidt, R.; Whalen, J.D.; Ding, R.; Woehl, G. Jr.; Yoshida, S.; Burgdörfer, J.; Dunning, F.B.; Sadeghpour, H.R.; Demler, E.; Killian, T.C. (2018)
    We report spectroscopic observation of Rydberg polarons in an atomic Bose gas. Polarons are created by excitation of Rydberg atoms as impurities in a strontium Bose-Einstein condensate. They are distinguished from previously ...

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