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dc.contributor.advisor McIntosh, Susan Keech
dc.creatorCisse, Mamadou
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-03T22:49:27Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-03T22:49:27Z
dc.date.created 2010-10
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Cisse, Mamadou. "Archaeological Investigations of Early Trade and Urbanism at Gao Saney (Mali)." (2011) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/64405.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/64405
dc.description.abstract Excavations at the mound site of Gao Saney, located near the historic town of Gao eastern Niger Bend, Mali, revealed over six meters of domestic deposits and debris from secondary processing of glass and copper dating to the period 700--1100 A.D. This is 200-300 years earlier than anticipated and points to the early development oflong distance trade networks. Lead isotope analysis of copper and glass samples using LAICP- MS points to multiple sources areas, including copper ores in Tunisia and glass production areas in the Middle East. Secondary processing of copper and glass took place at the site, and a substantial portion ofthe sequence comprised mud brick structures and associated domestic trash and wall collapse episodes. The distinctive polychrome pottery assemblage found in the Gao Saney deposits occurs along a 500 km stretch of the Niger Bend between Bentia to the south and Timbucktu to the west, where it appears suddenly and intrusively c. 650-700 A.D. This thesis documents the excavations and the material culture, chronology, subsistence economy and production activities at the site. It argues that the findings support the identification of Gao Saney with the trading town Sarneh mentioned in a tenth century Arab chronicle. The relationship of Gao Saney to Gao Ancien, the putative "royal town" of Kawkaw, is considered through a comparison of material excavated from a massive stone building complex there with the material from Gao Saney. The first millennium pottery at both sites is identical, but elite goods and stone architecture are present in abundance only at Gao Ancien. The evidence supports the identification of a royal town linked to Gao Saney by market and trade relations linked to early long-distance trade.
dc.format.extent 354 pp
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectAnthropology
dc.title Archaeological Investigations of Early Trade and Urbanism at Gao Saney (Mali)
dc.type Thesis
dc.identifier.digital CisseM
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Anthropology
thesis.degree.discipline Social Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy


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