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dc.contributor.advisor Niedzielski, Nancy
dc.creatorBrunner, Elizabeth Gentry
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-03T22:49:18Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-03T22:49:18Z
dc.date.created 2010-09
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Brunner, Elizabeth Gentry. "Imitation, Awareness; and Folk Linguistic Artifacts." (2011) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/64394.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/64394
dc.description.abstract Imitations are sophisticated performances displaying regular patterns. The study of imitation allows linguiSts to understand speakers' perceptions of sociolinguistic variation. In this dissertation, I analyze imitations of non-native accents in order to answer two questions: what can imitation reveal about perception, and how are folk linguistic artifacts (Preston 1996) involved in imitation? These questions are approached from the framework offolk linguistic awareness (Preston 1996). By redefining the concept of salience according to the modes of folk linguistic awareness, I am able to more precisely consider how imitation reflects salience. I address both of these questions by eliciting imitations from speakers in which folk artifacts are present. For my investigation, twenty speakers read a short passage in English. Ten were non-native speakers of American English (NNAE) and ten were native speakers of American English (AE). The AE speakers were recorded reading the passage in their regular voice and with two types of imitated accents: free imitations, which were spontaneously produced, and modeled imitations, which were produced directly after hearing the NNAE speakers. Free imitations revealed folk linguistic artifacts, while modeled imitations were more reflective of the immediate target. Participants listened to the authentic and imitated accents and were asked to determine the accent and authenticity of each speaker. I found that there was not a significant difference in the pitch and vowels between free and modeled AE imitations, which indicated that these aspects of imitations are largely based on folk linguistic artifacts. Listeners were able to determine which voices were authentic and which were imitated. Listeners were also able to identify the speakers' accents, perhaps aided by the folk artifact status of these particular accents. Listeners were better at identifying the accents of free imitations than modeled imitations, which suggested that listeners prefer imitations that are solely based on folk artifacts. Overall, I found that imitation is a valuable tool for the analysis of speech perception. The modes of folk linguistic awareness are useful in interpreting imitations and understanding salience. This research shows that folk linguistic artifacts are the foundation of imitations and an important tool in perceptual categorization.
dc.format.extent 162 pp
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subjectLinguistics
dc.title Imitation, Awareness; and Folk Linguistic Artifacts
dc.type Thesis
dc.identifier.digital BrunnerE
dc.type.material Text
thesis.degree.department Linguistics
thesis.degree.discipline Social Sciences
thesis.degree.grantor Rice University
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy


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