The Influence of Work-Family Balance Based Realistic Job Previews on Job Decisions in Academia
Bachman, Katharine O'Brien
Hebl, Michelle R.
Master of Arts
The present study utilized a realistic job preview to influence expectations of workfamily balance. Using graduate students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), participants viewed a preview about a) work-family balance in academia, b) jobs in academia, c) or no preview (control condition). An average of five months later, participants who accepted academic jobs rated their hiring institutions on family-friendly policies. Participants in the work-family realistic job preview condition were able to answer declarative knowledge questions about work-family balance in academia more accurately than were those in the other conditions. Participants in both preview conditions experienced a shift in their expectations about academia. Finally, individuals in the work-family preview condition with higher levels of declarative knowledge had a better match between the work-family factors that they originally wanted in their job and what they received. This relationship was stronger for women than it was for men.