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  • Distinct Neural Substrates Support Phonological and Orthographic Working Memory: Implications for Theories of Working Memory 

    Purcell, Jeremy; Rapp, Brenda; Martin, Randi C. (2021)
    Prior behavioral and neuroimaging evidence supports a separation between working memory capacities in the phonological and orthographic domains. Although these data indicate distinct buffers for orthographic and phonological information, prior neural evidence does indicate that nearby left inferior parietal regions support both of these working memory ...
  • Life-Span Learning and Development and Its Implications for Workplace Training 

    Beier, Margaret E. (2021)
    Researchers often focus on age-related declines rather than the development associated with lifelong learning. Focusing on working-age people (those between the ages of 18 and 70), I describe age-related changes in abilities and motivation that affect lifelong learning and research showing that older learners can and do learn when content is aligned ...
  • Trauma, Teams, and Telemedicine: Evaluating Telemedicine and Teamwork in a Mass Casualty Simulation 

    Hughes, Ashley M.; Sonesh, Shirley C.; Mason, Rachel E.; Gregory, Megan E.; Marttos, Antonio; (2021)
    Introduction: Mass casualty events (MASCAL) are on the rise globally. Although natural disasters are often unavoidable, the preparation to respond to unique patient demands in MASCAL can be improved. Utilizing telemedicine can allow for a better response to such disasters by providing access to a virtual team member with necessary specialized expertise. ...
  • ADHD severity as a predictor of cognitive task performance in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) 

    Mansour, Rosleen; Ward, Anthony R.; Lane, David M.; Loveland, Katherine A.; Aman, Michael G.; (2021)
    Background: In recent years, a number of studies have begun to explore the nature of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In this study, we examined the relationship between both symptoms of ADHD and symptoms of ASD on cognitive task performance in a sample of higher-functioning children and ...
  • Improving Teamwork Competencies in Human-Machine Teams: Perspectives From Team Science 

    Stowers, Kimberly; Brady, Lisa L.; MacLellan, Christopher; Wohleber, Ryan; Salas, Eduardo (2021)
    In response to calls for research to improve human-machine teaming, we present a “perspective” paper that explores techniques from computer science that can enhance machine agents for human-machine teams. As part of this paper, we (1) summarize the state of the science on critical team competencies identified for effective HMT, (2) discuss technological ...
  • A Meta-analysis of University STEM Summer Bridge Program Effectiveness 

    Bradford, Brittany C.; Beier, Margaret E.; Oswald, Frederick L. (2021)
    University science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) summer bridge programs provide incoming STEM university students additional course work and preparation before they begin their studies. These programs are designed to reduce attrition and increase the diversity of students pursuing STEM majors and STEM career paths. A meta-analysis of 16 ...
  • Cross-cultural perspectives on collaboration: Differences between the Middle East and the United States 

    Grossman, Rebecca; Campo, Maritza Salazar; Feitosa, Jennifer; Salas, Eduardo (2021)
    Cross-cultural collaboration is critical for tackling many complex issues of the modern-day, yet can be challenging, particularly when it includes collaborators with a history of conflict, such as Middle Eastern countries and the United States. To explore how collaborators might have unique conceptualizations of collaboration that could ultimately ...
  • Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) to Improve Collaboration in School Mental Health: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Study 

    Kuriyan, Aparajita; Kinkler, Grace; Cidav, Zuleyha; Kang-Yi, Christina; Eiraldi, Ricardo; (2021)
    Background: Public schools in the United States are the main providers of mental health services to children but are often ill equipped to provide quality mental health care, especially in low-income urban communities. Schools often rely on partnerships with community organizations to provide mental health services to students. However, collaboration ...
  • Helping Healthcare Teams Save Lives During COVID-19: Insights and Countermeasures From Team Science 

    Traylor, Allison M.; Tannenbaum, Scott I.; Thomas, Eric J.; Salas, Eduardo (2021)
    As the COVID-19 pandemic has ravaged the United States, health care teams are on the frontlines of this global crisis, often navigating harrowing conditions at work, such as a lack of personal protective equipment and staffing shortages, and distractions at home, including worries about elderly relatives or making childcare arrangements. While the ...
  • Functional framework for change leaders: results of a qualitative study 

    Woods, Amanda L.; Luciano, Margaret M.; Aloia, Thomas A.; Gottumukkala, Vijaya; Salas, Eduardo (2020)
    Background: Healthcare organisations are increasingly placing the onus on care providers to lead change initiatives to improve patient care. This requires care providers to perform tasks in addition to their core job roles and often outside of their formal training. The existing literature provides few insights regarding the functions required of ...
  • Managing teamwork in the face of pandemic: evidence-based tips 

    Tannenbaum, Scott I.; Traylor, Allison M.; Thomas, Eric J.; Salas, Eduardo (2021)
  • The college-to-career transition in STEM: An eleven-year longitudinal study of perceived and objective vocational interest fit 

    Kim, Michelle H.; Beier, Margaret E. (2020)
    This 11-year longitudinal study investigates the effects of vocational interest fit measured in college on college-to-career trajectories. Vocational interest theories suggest that vocational interest fit will affect choices and attitudes about major and job. The expectancy value model is used in the study to describe how values assigned to an outcome ...
  • Experimental sleep loss, racial bias, and the decision criterion to shoot in the Police Officer’s Dilemma task 

    Scullin, Michael K.; Hebl, Michelle R.; Corrington, Abby; Nguyen, Stacy (2020)
    Violent behavior, police brutality, and racial discrimination are currently at the forefront of society’s attention, and they should be. We investigated whether mild sleep loss—as typical for many adults throughout the work week—could aggravate the socio-emotional-cognitive processes contributing to violence and discrimination. In a sample of 40 ...
  • How do aggression source, employee characteristics and organisational response impact the relationship between workplace aggression and work and health outcomes in healthcare employees? A cross-sectional analysis of the National Health Service staff survey in England 

    Cheng, Shannon; Dawson, Jeremy; Thamby, Julie; Liaw, Winston R.; King, Eden B. (2020)
    Organisational response was found to buffer the negative effects of aggression from patients for turnover intentions and the negative effects of aggression from patients and colleagues for employee health. The results also demonstrated that nurses/midwives, women and Black employees are more likely to experience aggression; however, no clear patterns ...
  • Adapting TeamSTEPPS for school mental health teams: a pilot study 

    Wolk, Courtney Benjamin; Stewart, Rebecca E.; Cronholm, Peter; Eiraldi, Ricardo; Salas, Eduardo; (2019)
    Background: School mental health care often is provided by teams contracted from community mental health agencies. The team members that provide this care, however, do not typically receive training in how to work effectively in a team-based context. Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) provides a promising, ...
  • Impact of team configuration and team stability on primary care quality 

    Hysong, Sylvia J.; Amspoker, Amber B.; Hughes, Ashley M.; Woodard, Lechauncy; Oswald, Frederick L.; (2019)
    Background: The science of effective teams is well documented; far less is known, however, about how specific team configurations may impact primary care team effectiveness. Further, teams experiencing frequent personnel changes (perhaps as a consequence of poor implementation) may have difficulty delivering effective, continuous, well-coordinated ...
  • Neuroplasticity and the logic of cognitive neuropsychology 

    Fischer-Baum, Simon; Campana, Giulia Elise (2017)
    More than thirty years ago, Alfonso Caramazza laid out assumptions for drawing inferences about the undamaged cognitive system from individuals with brain damage. Since then, these assumptions have been challenged including the transparency or subtractivity assumption, that the cognitive system does not reorganize following brain damage. It has been ...
  • Obesity, Dietary Factors, Nutrition, and Breast Cancer Risk 

    Seiler, Annina; Chen, Michelle A.; Brown, Ryan L.; Fagundes, Christopher P. (2018)
    Purpose of Review: To synthesize the critical role of obesity-associated inflammation, dietary factors, and nutrition in determining breast cancer risk. Recent Findings: Obesity-associated inflammation is strongly linked to breast cancer risk and progression, largely via two processes: inflammatory pathways and dysregulated metabolism. Cytokine ...
  • Single-case cognitive neuropsychology in the age of big data 

    Medina, Jared; Fischer-Baum, Simon (2017)
    Historically, single-case studies of brain-damaged individuals have contributed substantially to our understanding of cognitive processes. However, the role of single-case cognitive neuropsychology has diminished with the proliferation of techniques that measure neural activity in humans. Instead, large-scale informatics approaches in which data are ...
  • Pathways linking racial/ethnic discrimination and sleep among U.S.-born and foreign-born Latinxs 

    Garcini, Luz M.; Chirinos, Diana A.; Murdock, Kyle W.; Seiler, Annina; LeRoy, Angie S.; (2018)
    This study examined the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and sleep through psychological distress and body mass index (BMI), and determined whether the aforementioned associations vary between U.S. and foreign-born Latinxs. Participants were 1332 Latinx adults enrolled in the Texas City Stress and Health Study. Multistage sampling ...

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