Now showing items 1-20 of 206

    • A Context-Independent Situational Judgment Test to Measure Prosocial Implicit Trait Policy 

      Motowidlo, Stephan J.; Ghosh, Kamalika; Mendoza, Anjelica M.; Buchanan, Ashley E.; Lerma, Mikal N. (2016)
      Two studies developed and validated a context-independent situational judgment test (SJT) of prosocial implicit trait policy (ITP). The first study developed an SJT based on critical incidents about the prosocial behavior ...
    • Impact of a Mobile Phone Intervention to Reduce Sedentary Behavior in a Community Sample of Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation 

      Kendzor, Darla E.; Shuval, Kerem; Gabriel, Kelley Pettee; Businelle, Michael S.; Ma, Ping; High, Robin R.; Cuate, Erica L.; Poonawalla, Insiya B.; Rios, Debra M.; Demark-Wahnefried, Wendy; Swartz, Michael D.; Wetter, David W. (2016)
      Background: Greater time spent sedentary is linked with increased risk of breast, colorectal, ovarian, endometrial, and prostate cancers. Given steadily increasing rates of mobile phone ownership, mobile phone interventions ...
    • Prosocial knowledge mediates effects of agreeableness and emotional intelligence on prosocial behavior 

      Martin-Raugh, Michelle P.; Kell, Harrison J.; Motowidlo, Stephan J. (2016)
      We present two studies that replicate and extend predictions made by implicit trait policy theory about the association between basic traits, knowledge, and behavior. Study 1 examined relations between personality traits, ...
    • Dispositional Mindfulness Predicts Enhanced Smoking Cessation and Smoking Lapse Recovery 

      Heppner, Whitney L.; Spears, Claire Adams; Correa-Fernández, Virmarie; Castro, Yessenia; Li, Yisheng; Guo, Beibei; Reitzel, Lorraine R.; Vidrine, Jennifer Irvin; Mazas, Carlos A.; Cofta-Woerpel, Ludmila; Cinciripini, Paul M.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.; Wetter, David W. (2016)
      Background: Although mindfulness has been hypothesized to promote health behaviors, no research has examined how dispositional mindfulness might influence the process of smoking cessation. Purpose: The current study ...
    • Genetic contributions to attentional response time slopes across repeated trials 

      Lundwall, Rebecca A; Dannemiller, James L (2015-10-15)
      Abstract Background Attention provides vital contribution to everyday functioning, and deficits in attention feature in many psychological disorders. Improved understanding ...
    • Aeolian politics 

      Howe, Cymene; Boyer, Dominic (2015)
      Our project in this article is to unwind ‘wind power’ as a consolidated conceptual object and to consider the ventifactual arrangements of its political materiality. In a time when carbon incineration has been exposed as ...
    • Paradoxical Infrastructures: Ruins, Retrofit, and Risk 

      Howe, Cymene; Lockrem, Jessica; Appel, Hannah; Hackett, Edward; Boyer, Dominic; Hall, Randal; Schneider-Mayerson, Matthew; Pope, Albert; Gupta, Akhil; Rodwell, Elizabeth; Ballestero, Andrea; Durbin, Trevor; el-Dahdah, Farès; Long, Elizabeth; Mody, Cyrus (2015)
      In recent years, a dramatic increase in the study of infrastructure has occurred in the social sciences and humanities, following upon foundational work in the physical sciences, architecture, planning, information science, ...
    • Latin America in the Anthropocene: Energy Transitions and Climate Change Mitigations 

      Howe, Cymene (2015)
      Energy creates both possibilities and liabilities. Plentiful, inexpensive energy has long been a cornerstone of modernist dreams of never-ending expansion. While this may be a fantasy, the truth—at least according to ...
    • Nonjudging facet of mindfulness predicts enhanced smoking cessation in Hispanics 

      Spears, Claire Adams; Houchins, Sean C.; Stewart, Diana W.; Chen, Minxing; Correa-Fernández, Virmarie; Cano, Miguel Ángel; Heppner, Whitney L.; Vidrine, Jennifer I.; Wetter, David W. (2015)
      Although most smokers express interest in quitting, actual quit rates are low. Identifying strategies to enhance smoking cessation is critical, particularly among underserved populations, including Hispanics, for whom many ...
    • Antonymous Adjectives in Disyllabic Lexical Compounds in Mandarin: A Cognitive Linguistics Perspective 

      Zhang, Yuan; Kemmer, Suzanne (2015)
      Corpus-based research into antonyms in English, Sweden and Japanese has gradually brought the lexical relation of antonymy into functional-cognitive linguistics in recent years. When antonymous adjectives are examined in ...
    • Cloud-based Meta-analysis to Bridge Science and Practice: Welcome to metaBUS 

      Bosco, Frank A.; Steel, Piers; Oswald, Frederick L.; Uggerslev, Krista; Field, James G. (2015)
      Although volumes have been written on spanning the science-practice gap in applied psychology, surprisingly few tangible components of that bridge have actually been constructed. We describe the metaBUS platform that ...
    • Impact of processes of care aimed at complication reduction on the cost of complex cancer surgery 

      Short, Marah N.; Ho, Vivian; Aloia, Thomas A. (2015)
      Background and Objectives: Health care providers add multiple processes to the care of complex cancer patients, believing they prevent and/or ameliorate complications. However, the relationship between these processes, ...
    • The Role of Working Memory Capacity and Interference Resolution Mechanisms in Task Switching 

      Pettigrew, Corinne; Martin, Randi C. (2015)
      Theories of task switching have emphasized a number of control mechanisms that may support the ability to flexibly switch between tasks. The present study examined the extent to which individual differences in working ...
    • Generations at Work: Don't Throw the Baby Out With the Bathwater 

      Beier, Margaret E.; Kanfer, Ruth (2015)
      Costanza and Finkelstein (2015) are correct to highlight the dangers of using generationally based stereotypes in organizations. Although popular, these stereotypes are related to a stigmatization based on group membership ...
    • Life Above Earth: An Introduction 

      Howe, Cymene (2015)
      This began as a wondering about wind, how it mattered, how it materialized across lives, and how it seemed to refuse to be represented—only becoming visible through its effects on other beings and other things: branch, ...
    • From Error to Error: Why Voters Could not Cast a Ballot and Verify Their Vote With Helios, Prêt à Voter, and Scantegrity II 

      Acemyan, Claudia Z.; Kortum, Philip; Byrne, Michael D.; Wallach, Dan S. (2015)
      The aim of this paper is to identify user errors, and the related potential design deficiencies, that contributed to participants failing to vote cast and vote verify across three end-to-end voting systems: Helios, Prêt à ...
    • Evaluation of Home Health Care Devices: Remote Usability Assessment 

      Kortum, Philip; Peres, S. Camille (2015)
      Background: An increasing amount of health care is now performed in a home setting, away from the hospital. While there is growing anecdotal evidence about the difficulty patients and caregivers have using increasingly ...
    • Competition in Business Taxes and Public Services: Are Production-Based Taxes Superior to Capital Taxes? 

      Gugl, Elisabeth; Zodrow, George R. (2015)
      Although most of the tax competition literature focuses on the provision of local public services to households, several papers analyze tax competition when capital taxes are used to finance local public services provided ...
    • When Did the Swahili Become Maritime? 

      Fleisher, Jeffrey; Lane, Paul; LaViolette, Adria; Horton, Mark; Pollard, Edward; Morales, Eréndira Quintana; Vernet, Thomas; Christie, Annalisa; Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (2015)
      In this article, we examine an assumption about the historic Swahili of the eastern African coast: that they were a maritime society from their beginnings in the first millennium C.E. Based on historical and archaeological ...
    • Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy 

      Stein, Robert M. (2015)
      What steps can and do local election officials take to prepare for and respond to natural disasters and emergencies that impede and disrupt the operation of scheduled elections? How efficacious are these actions and ...