Now showing items 160-179 of 276

    • Major Power Interstate Conflict in the Post-World War II Era: An Increase, a Decrease, or No Change? 

      Stoll, Richard J. (1982-12)
      The second World War is often regarded as a watershed in world history. Observers have pointed to a number of changes in the global system that occurred after its conclusion: the emergence of bipolar system structure, along ...
    • Male Scientists' Competing Devotions to Work and Family: Changing Norms in a Male-Dominated Profession 

      Damaske, Sarah; Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Lincoln, Anne E.; White, Virginia Johnston (2014)
      Using in-depth interviews with 74 men across different ranks in biology and physics at prestigious U.S. universities, the authors ask to what extent changing norms of fatherhood and a flexible workplace affect men working ...
    • Managing the Interpersonal Aspect of Performance Management 

      Ock, Jisoo; Oswald, Frederick L. (2015)
      It is safe to assume that an accurate performance appraisal (PA) is an important prerequisite to an effective performance management (PM) system, because with accurate PA information, management, teams, and employees can ...
    • Mental health stigma 

      Bharadwaj, Prashant; Pai, Mallesh M.; Suziedelyte, Agne (2017)
      Comparing self-reports to administrative records, we find that survey respondents are significantly more likely to under-report mental illnesses compared to other health conditions. This behavior is consistent with the ...
    • Mindfulness Predicts Lower Affective Volatility among African Americans During Smoking Cessation 

      Adams, Claire E.; Chen, Minxing; Guo, Lin; Lam, Cho Y.; Stewart, Diana W.; Correa-Fernández, Virmarie; Cano, Miguel A.; Heppner, Whitney L.; Vidrine, Jennifer Irvin; Li, Yisheng; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.; Cinciripini, Paul M.; Wetter, David W. (2014)
      Recent research suggests that mindfulness benefits emotion regulation and smoking cessation. However, the mechanisms by which mindfulness affects emotional and behavioral functioning are unclear. One potential mechanism, ...
    • Modality and Morphology: What We Write May Not Be What We Say 

      Rapp, Brenda; Fischer-Baum, Simon; Miozzo, Michele (2015)
      Written language is an evolutionarily recent human invention; consequently, its neural substrates cannot be determined by the genetic code. How, then, does the brain incorporate skills of this type? One possibility is that ...
    • Moral Schemas in Articulation and Intuition: How Religious People Evaluate Human Reproductive Genetic Technologies 

      Ecklund, Elaine Howard; Peifer, Jared L.; White, Virginia; Chan, Esther (2017)
      As new and more effective human reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) rapidly develop, religious voices remain an important part of public discussion about the moral standing of such technologies. Here, we compare how ...
    • Multigenerational Households and the School Readiness of Children Born to Unmarried Mothers 

      Augustine, Jennifer March; Raley, R. Kelly (2012)
      Following the ongoing increase in nonmarital fertility, policy makers have looked for ways to limit the disadvantages faced by children of unmarried mothers. Recent initiatives included marriage promotion and welfare-to- ...
    • Narrative and past habitual sequences in Hausa 

      Abdoulaye, Mahamane L. (2009-02-11)
      Based on the overall properties of narratives, Wald (1987) has proposed that past habitual sequences are conflated narratives and are only minimally different from single-event sequences. The aim of this paper is to test ...
    • Nations at the Brink: A Computer Simulation of Governmental Behavior During Serious Disputes 

      Stoll, Richard J. (1983-06)
      During the period 1816-1975, major powers engaged in approximately 225 serious disputes (situations in which military force was threatened or actually used), but only about 12% of these disputes ended in war (Singer, 1979). ...
    • Negation in Metta 

      Mihas, Elena (2009-02-11)
      Recent typological studies of clausal negation not only focus on the basic standard negation strategies that languages use to negate declarative verbal main clauses but also discuss typology of asymmetric negation in ...
    • Negotiating Strategic Arms Control, 1969-1979 : Modeling the Bargaining Process 

      Stoll, Richard J.; McAndrew, William (1986-06)
      Using data collected by Jensen (1984), we investigate whether cooperative and inverse reciprocity can successfully predict U.S. and Soviet actions during the 23 rounds of strategic arms negotiation during the ...
    • The neural correlates of verb and noun processing A PET study 

      Perani, Daniela; Cappa, Stefano F.; Schnur, Tatiana T.; Tettamanti, Marco; Collina, Simona; Rosa, Mario Miguel; Fazio, Ferruccio (1999)
      The hypothesis that categorical information, distinguishing among word classes, such as nouns, verbs, etc., is an organizational principle of lexical knowledge in the brain, is supported by the observation of aphasic ...
    • Nonjudging facet of mindfulness predicts enhanced smoking cessation in Hispanics 

      Spears, Claire Adams; Houchins, Sean C.; Stewart, Diana W.; Chen, Minxing; Correa-Fernández, Virmarie; Cano, Miguel Ángel; Heppner, Whitney L.; Vidrine, Jennifer I.; Wetter, David W. (2015)
      Although most smokers express interest in quitting, actual quit rates are low. Identifying strategies to enhance smoking cessation is critical, particularly among underserved populations, including Hispanics, for whom many ...
    • Nonpolitical Images Evoke Neural Predictors of Political Ideology 

      Ahn, Woo-Young; Kishida, Kenneth T.; Gu, Xiaosi; Lohrenz, Terry; Harvey, Ann; Alford, John R.; Smith, Kevin B.; Yaffe, Gideon; Hibbing, John R.; Dayan, Peter; Montague, P. Read (2014)
      Political ideologies summarize dimensions of life that define how a person organizes their public and privateᅠbehavior, including their attitudes associated with sex, family, education, and personal autonomy [1ᅠandᅠ2]. ...
    • Nonstationarity and Stochastic Stability of Relative Income Clubs 

      El-Gamal, Mahmoud A.; Ryu, Deockhyun (2013)
      The recent literature on “convergence” of cross-country per capita incomes has been dominated by the two hypotheses of “global convergence” and “club-convergence,” pertaining to limits of estimated income distribution ...
    • Nostril-Specific Olfactory Modulation of Visual Perception in Binocular Rivalry 

      Zhou, Wen; Zhang, Xiaomeng; Chen, Jennifer; Wang, Li; Chen, Denise (2012)
      It is known that olfaction and vision can work in tandem to represent object identities. What is yet unclear is the stage of the sensory processing hierarchy at which the two types of inputs converge. Here we study this ...
    • Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children 

      Chen, Tzu-An; Baranowski, Tom; Moreno, Jennette P.; O’Connor, Teresia M.; Hughes, Sheryl O.; Baranowski, Janice; Woehler, Deborah; Kimbro, Rachel T.; Johnston, Craig A. (2016)
      Background: Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory ...
    • Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children 

      Chen, Tzu-An; Baranowski, Tom; Moreno, Jennette P.; O'Connor, Teresia M.; Hughes, Sheryl O.; Baranowski, Janice; Woehler, Deborah; Kimbro, Rachel T.; Johnston, Craig A. (2016)
      Background: Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory ...