Now showing items 60-79 of 280

    • Deciding to Wait: Partnership Status, Economic Conditions, and Pregnancy during the Great Recession 

      Percheski, Christine; Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert (2017)
      The Great Recession was associated with reduced fertility in the United States. Many questions about the dynamics underlying this reduction remain unanswered, however, including whether reduced fertility rates were driven ...
    • Decomposing Trends in Inequality in Earnings into Forecastable and Uncertain Components 

      Cunha, Flávio; Heckman, James (2016)
      A substantial empirical literature documents the rise in wage inequality in the American economy. It is silent on whether the increase in inequality is due to components of earnings that are predictable by agents or whether ...
    • Defining complexity: Historical reconstruction and Nyulnyulan subordination 

      Bowern, Claire (2009-02-11)
      I use data from subordination strategies in Nyulnyulan languages (Non-Pama-Nyungan, Northern Australia) in order to investigate various alternative means of defining and quantifying 'complexity'. While Edmonds (1999) defines ...
    • Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions: A Meta-Analysis 

      Macnamara, Brooke N.; Hambrick, David Z.; Oswald, Frederick L. (2014)
      More than 20 years ago, researchers proposed that individual differences in performance in such domains as music, sports, and games largely reflect individual differences in amount of deliberate practice, which was defined ...
    • Democracy and self-rated health across 67 countries: A multilevel analysis 

      Krueger, Patrick M.; Dovel, Kathryn; Denney, Justin T. (2015)
      Existing research has found a positive association between countries' level of democratic governance and the health of their populations, although that research is limited by the use of data from small numbers of high-income ...
    • Density and Proximity of Fast Food Restaurants and Body Mass Index Among African Americans 

      Reitzel, Lorraine R.; Regan, Seann D.; Nguyen, Nga; Cromley, Ellen K.; Strong, Larkin L.; Wetter, David W.; McNeill, Lorna H. (2014)
      Objectives. The purpose of this study was to address current gaps in the literature by examining the associations of fast food restaurant (FFR) density around the home and FFR proximity to the home, respectively, with body ...
    • A deposit of Kilwa-type coins from Songo Mnara, Tanzania 

      Perkins, John; Fleisher, Jeffrey; Wynne-Jones, Stephanie (2014)
      A deposit of coins was recovered during excavations at Songo Mnara, Tanzania, containing over 300 copper Kilwa-type coins. This is the first deposit or hoard of these coins found in a well defined archaeological context ...
    • Designing Adaptive Instruction for Teams: a Meta-Analysis 

      Sottilare, Robert A.; Burke, C. Shawn; Salas, Eduardo; Sinatra, Anne M.; Johnston, Joan H.; Gilbert, Stephen B. (2017)
      The goal of this research was the development of a practical architecture for the computer-based tutoring of teams. This article examines the relationship of team behaviors as antecedents to successful team performance and ...
    • Determinants of Sanctions Effectiveness: Sensitivity Analysis Using New Data 

      Bapat, Navin A.; Heinrich, Tobias; Kobayashi, Yoshiharu; Morgan, T. Clifton (2013)
      In the literature on sanctions effectiveness, scholars have identified a number of factors that may contribute to sanctions success. However, existing empirical studies provide mixed findings concerning the effects of these ...
    • Diachrony of complex predicates in Japanese 

      Lanz, Linda A. (2009-02-11)
      This paper examines two types of complex predicates in Japanese from a diachronic perspective. The two-fold purpose is bring more diachronic data into the dialogue on complex predicates and to evaluate the claim by Butt ...
    • Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology 

      Hibbing, John R.; Smith, Kevin B.; Alford, John R. (2014)
      Disputes between those holding differing political views are ubiquitous and deep-seated, and they often follow common, recognizable lines. The supporters of tradition and stability, sometimes referred to as conservatives, ...
    • Discrimination, Affect, and Cancer Risk Factors among African Americans 

      Cuevas, Adolfo G.; Reitzel, Lorraine R.; Adams, Claire E.; Cao, Yumei; Nguyen, Nga; Wetter, David W.; Watkins, Kellie L.; Regan, Seann D.; McNeill, Lorna H. (2014)
      Objectives: To examine whether stress or depressive symptoms mediated associations between perceived discrimination and multiple modifiable behavioral risk factors for cancer among 1363 African American adults. Methods: ...
    • Disgust Sensitivity and the Neurophysiology of Left- Right Political Orientations 

      Smith, Kevin B.; Oxley, Douglas; Hibbing, Matthew V.; Alford, John R.; Hibbing, John R. (2011)
      Disgust has been described as the most primitive and central of emotions. Thus, it is not surprising that it shapes behaviors in a variety of organisms and in a variety of contexts—including homo sapien politics. People ...
    • Dispositional Mindfulness Predicts Enhanced Smoking Cessation and Smoking Lapse Recovery 

      Heppner, Whitney L.; Spears, Claire Adams; Correa-Fernández, Virmarie; Castro, Yessenia; Li, Yisheng; Guo, Beibei; Reitzel, Lorraine R.; Vidrine, Jennifer Irvin; Mazas, Carlos A.; Cofta-Woerpel, Ludmila; Cinciripini, Paul M.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.; Wetter, David W. (2016)
      Background: Although mindfulness has been hypothesized to promote health behaviors, no research has examined how dispositional mindfulness might influence the process of smoking cessation. Purpose: The current study ...
    • Distinct loci of lexical and semantic access deficits in aphasia: Evidence from voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping and diffusion tensor imaging 

      Harvey, Denise Y.; Schnur, Tatiana T. (2015)
      Naming pictures and matching words to pictures belonging to the same semantic category negatively affects language production and comprehension. By most accounts, semantic interference arises when accessing lexical ...
    • Do psychological constructions in Persian involve complex predicates? 

      Sedighi, Anousha (2009-02-11)
      Constructions introduced in this work have been introduced as Impersonal/Subject-less in the Persian literature involving compound verbs. I explore them from the point of view of Psychological constructions and show that ...
    • Does Height Matter? An Examination of Height Preferences in Romantic Coupling 

      Yancey, George; Emerson, Michael O. (2014)
      Amidst increasingly equality in belief and in practice between the sexes, we ask if height preferences still matter, and if so, why people say they matter. First, we collected data from Yahoo! dating personal advertisements. ...
    • Dynamic Agenda Setting 

      Chen, Ying; Eraslan, Hülya (2017)
      A party in power can address a limited number of issues. What issues to address--the party's agenda--has dynamic implications because it affects what issues will be addressed in the future. We analyze a model in which the ...
    • Early life height and weight production functions with endogenous energy and protein inputs 

      Puentes, Esteban; Wang, Fan; Behrman, Jere R.; Cunha, Flavio; Hoddinott, John; Maluccio, John A.; Adair, Linda S.; Borja, Judith B.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Stein, Aryeh D. (2016)
      We examine effects of protein and energy intakes on height and weight growth for children between 6 and 24 months old in Guatemala and the Philippines. Using instrumental variables to control for endogeneity and estimating ...
    • Effect of Election Day Vote Centers on Voter Participation 

      Stein, Robert M.; Vonnahme, Greg (2012)
      In this article we study the effects of Election Day vote centers on voter turnout. Specifically we examine Texas and Colorado’s experience with alternative arrangements for the number and location of Election Day voting ...