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  • The Intentional Structure of Moods 

    Kriegel, Uriah (2019)
    Moods are sometimes claimed to constitute an exception to the rule that mental phenomena are intentional (in the sense of representing something). In reaction, some philosophers have argued that moods are in fact intentional, but exhibit a special and unusual kind of intentionality: They represent the world as a whole, or everything indiscriminately, ...
  • The Causal Map and Moral Psychology 

    Schroeder, Timothy (2017)
    Some philosophers hold that the neuroscience of action is, in practice or in principle, incapable of touching debates in action theory and moral psychology. The role of desires in action, the existence of basic actions, and the like are topics that (they hold) must be sorted out by philosophers alone: at least at present, and perhaps by the very ...
  • Do Surgical Trials Meet the Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials? 

    Wenner, Danielle M.; Brody, Baruch A.; Jarman, Anna F.; Kolman, Jacob M.; Wray, Nelda P.; (2012)
    Unlike medications, the dissemination of surgical procedures into practice is not regulated. Before marketing, pharmaceutical products are required to be shown safe and efficacious in comparative clinical trials that use bias-reducing strategies designed to reduce the distortion of estimates of treatment effect by predispositions toward the investigational ...
  • Doubly distributing special obligations: what professional practice can learn from parenting 

    Tilburt, Jon; Brody, Baruch (2016)
    A traditional ethic of medicine asserts that physicians have special obligations to individual patients with whom they have a clinical relationship. Contemporary trends in US healthcare financing like bundled payments seem to threaten traditional conceptions of special obligations of individual physicians to individual patients because their ...
  • Expecting the Unexpected 

    Dougherty, Tom; Horowitz, Sophie; Sliwa, Paulina (2015)
    In an influential paper, L. A. Paul argues that one cannot rationally decide whether to have children. In particular, she argues that such a decision is intractable for standard decision theory. Paul’s central argument in this paper rests on the claim that becoming a parent is “epistemically transformative”—prior to becoming a parent, it is impossible ...
  • Respecting all the evidence 

    Sliwa, Paulina; Horowitz, Sophie (2015)
    Plausibly, you should believe what your total evidence supports. But cases of misleading higher-order evidence—evidence about what your evidence supports—present a challenge to this thought. In such cases, taking both first-order and higher-order evidence at face value leads to a seemingly irrational incoherence between one’s first-order and higher-order ...
  • Philosophy of stem cell biology- an introduction 

    Fagan, Melinda Bonnie (2013)
    This review surveys three central issues in philosophy of stem cell biology: the nature of stem cells, stem cell experiments, and explanations of stem cell capacities. First, I argue that the fundamental question “what is a stem cell?” has no single substantive answer. Instead, the core idea is explicated via an abstract model, which accounts for ...
  • The Value of Achievements 

    Bradford, Gwen (2013)
    This article gives an account of what makes achievements valuable. Although the natural thought is that achievements are valuable because of the product, such as a cure for cancer or a work of art, I argue that the value of the product of an achievement is not sufficient to account for its overall value. Rather, I argue that achievements are valuable ...
  • Beyond the Principles of Bioethics: Facing the Consequences of Fundamental Moral Disagreement 

    Engelhardt, H. Tristram (2012-06)
    Given intractable secular moral pluralism, the force and significance of the four principles (autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice) of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress must be critically re-considered. This essay examines the history of the articulation of these four principles of bioethics, showing why initially there was an illusion ...
  • Fair Equality of Opportunity Critically Reexamined: The Family and the Sustainability of Health Care Systems 

    Engelhardt, H. Tristram Jr (2012)
    A complex interaction of ideological, financial, social, and moral factors makes the financial sustainability of health care systems a challenge across the world. One difficulty is that some of the moral commitments of some health care systems collide with reality. In particular, commitments to equality in access to health care and to fair equality ...
  • Are Surgical Trials with Negative Results Being Interpreted Correctly? 

    (2013)
    BACKGROUND: Many published accounts of clinical trials report no differences between the treatment arms, while being underpowered to find differences. This study determined how the authors of these reports interpreted their findings. STUDY DESIGN: We examined 54 reports of surgical trials chosen randomly from a database of 110 influential trials ...