Vivian Fine's works for violoncello and piano
Doctor of Musical Arts
Vivian Fine (1913-2000), once considered a compositional prodigy by such illustrious composers as Henry Cowell, Aaron Copland, and Ruth Crawford, is nearly forgotten now, only ten years after her death. She has well over one hundred works to her credit, including three pieces for cello and piano: the Lyric Piece for Violoncello and Piano, the Fantasy for Cello and Piano, and the Sonata for Violoncello and Piano. The goal of this study is to provide cellists interested in expanding their repertoire of American works for cello and piano with a resource for familiarizing themselves with these pieces. A biography of Fine and an exploration of her stylistic development is included for historical context. A brief analysis of the Lyric Piece follows, providing an introduction to Fine's writing for cello and piano. The analyses of the Fantasy and Sonata focus on aspects of formal construction as well as motivic relationships. The analysis of the Sonata also includes a discussion of connections to Debussy's Sonata for Violoncello and Piano, which Fine used as a model. The study concludes with a chapter focused on practical considerations for performing the three works, including technical challenges and interpretive issues in performing unknown works. Copies of the Fantasy for Cello and Piano and the Sonata for Violoncello and Piano are included in the appendix.
Music; Women's studies; Education