Now showing items 1-20 of 63

    • Phenological synchronization drives demographic rates of populations 

      Rasmussen, Nick L.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2015)
      Phenology is increasingly recognized as an important factor structuring communities because it determines when and at what life stage organisms interact. Previous work indicates that changes in first or mean timing of a ...
    • Climate warming increases biological control agent impact on a non-target species 

      Lu, Xinmin; Siemann, Evan; He, Minyan; Wei, Hui; Shao, Xu; Ding, Jianqing (2015)
      Climate change may shift interactions of invasive plants, herbivorous insects and native plants, potentially affecting biological control efficacy and non-target effects on native species. Here, we show how climate warming ...
    • Hemichordate genomes and deuterostome origins 

      Simakov, Oleg; Kawashima, Takeshi; Marlétaz, Ferdinand; Jenkins, Kenneth W.; Levine, Judith; Gonzalez, Paul; Cameron, Christopher; Fritzenwanker, Jens H.; Pani, Ariel M.; Goto, Hiroki; Kanda, Miyuki; Arakaki, Nana; Yamasaki, Shinichi; Richards, Stephen; M (2015)
      Acorn worms, also known as enteropneust (literally, ‘gut-breathing’) hemichordates, are marine invertebrates that share features with echinoderms and chordates. Together, these three phyla comprise the deuterostomes. Here ...
    • An HMM-Based Comparative Genomic Framework for Detecting Introgression in Eukaryotes 

      Liu, Kevin J.; Dai, Jingxuan; Truong, Kathy; Song, Ying; Kohn, Michael H.; Nakhleh, Luay (2014-06-12)
      One outcome of interspecific hybridization and subsequent effects of evolutionary forces is introgression, which is the integration of genetic material from one species into the genome of an individual in another species. ...
    • Niche Differentiation in the Dynamics of Host-Symbiont Interactions: Symbiont Prevalence as a Coexistence Problem 

      Miller, Tom E.X.; Rudgers, Jennifer A. (2014-04)
      Heritable symbioses can have important ecological effects and have triggered important evolutionary innovations. Current predictions for long-term symbiont prevalence are based on their fitness benefits and vertical ...
    • Non-Native Plant Litter Enhances Soil Carbon Dioxide Emissions in an Invaded Annual Grassland 

      Zhang, Ling; Wang, Hong; Zou, Jianwen; Rogers, William E.; Siemann, Evan (2014-03-19)
      Litter decomposition is a fundamental ecosystem process in which breakdown and decay of plant detritus releases carbon and nutrients. Invasive exotic plants may produce litter that differs from native plant litter in quality ...
    • Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeography of the Norway Rat 

      Song, Ying; Lan, Zhenjiang; Kohn, Michael H. (2014-02-28)
      Central Eastern Asia, foremost the area bordering northern China and Mongolia, has been thought to be the geographic region where Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) have originated. However recent fossil analyses pointed to ...
    • Plant size and reproductive state affect the quantity and quality of rewards to animal mutualists 

      Miller, Tom E.X. (2014)
      Many plants engage ants in defensive mutualisms by offering extrafloral nectar (EFN). Identifying sources of variation in EFN quantity (amount) and quality (composition) is important because they can affect ant visitation ...
    • Linking phenological shifts to species interactions through size-mediated priority effects 

      Rasmussen, Nick L.; Van Allen, Benjamin G.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2014)
      Interannual variation in seasonal weather patterns causes shifts in the relative timing of phenological events of species within communities, but we currently lack a mechanistic understanding of how these phenological ...
    • Species-specific defence responses facilitate conspecifics and inhibit heterospecifics in above-belowground herbivore interactions 

      Huang, Wei; Siemann, Evan; Xiao, Li; Yang, Xuefang; Ding, Jianqing (2014)
      Conspecific and heterospecific aboveground and belowground herbivores often occur together in nature and their interactions may determine community structure. Here we show how aboveground adults and belowground larvae of ...
    • Resolving the roles of body size and species identity in driving functional diversity 

      Rudolf, Volker H.W.; Rasmussen, Nick L.; Dibble, Christopher J.; Van Allen, Benjamin G. (2014)
      Efforts to characterize food webs have generated two influential approaches that reduce the complexity of natural communities. The traditional approach groups individuals based on their species identity, while recently ...
    • The First Myriapod Genome Sequence Reveals Conservative Arthropod Gene Content and Genome Organisation in the Centipede Strigamia maritima 

      Chipman, Ariel D.; Ferrier, David E.K.; Brena, Carlo; Qu, Jiaxin; Hughes, Daniel S.T.; Schrӧder, Reinhard; Torres-Oliva, Montserrat; Znassi, Nadia; Jiang, Huaiyang; Almeida, Francisca C.; Alonso, Claudio R.; Apostolou, Zivkos; Aqrawi, Peshtewani; Arthur, Wallace; Barna, Jennifer C.J.; Blankenburg, Kerstin P.; Brites, Daniela; Capella-Gutiérrez, Salvador; Coyle, Marcus; Dearden, Peter K.; Du Pasquier, Louis; Duncan, Elizabeth J.; Ebert, Dieter; Eibner, Cornelius; Erikson, Galina; Evans, Peter D.; Extavour, Cassandra G.; Francisco, Liezl; Gabaldón, Toni; Gillis, William J.; Goodwin-Horn, Elizabeth A.; Green, Jack E.; Griffiths-Jones, Sam; Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J.P.; Gubbala, Sai; Guigó, Roderic; Han, Yi; Hauser, Frank; Havlak, Paul; Hayden, Luke; Helbing, Sophie; Holder, Michael; Hui, Jerome H.L.; Hunn, Julia P.; Hunnekuhl, Vera S.; Jackson, LaRonda; Javaid, Mehwish; Jhangiani, Shalini N.; Jiggins, Francis M.; Jones, Tamsin E.; Kaiser, Tobias S.; Kalra, Divya; Kenny, Nathan J.; Korchina, Viktoriya; Kovar, Christie L.; Kraus, F. Bernhard; Lapraz, François; Lee, Sandra L.; Lv, Jie; Mandapat, Christigale; Manning, Gerard; Mariotti, Marco; Mata, Robert; Mathew, Tittu; Neumann, Tobias; Newsham, Irene; Ngo, Dinh N.; Ninova, Maria; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Ongeri, Fiona; Palmer, William J.; Patil, Shobha; Patraquim, Pedro; Pham, Christopher; Pu, Ling-Ling; Putman, Nicholas H.; Rabouille, Catherine; Ramos, Olivia Mendivil; Rhodes, Adelaide C.; Robertson, Helen E.; Robertson, Hugh M.; Ronshaugen, Matthew; Rozas, Julio; Saada, Nehad; Sánchez-Gracia, Alejandro; Scherer, Steven E.; Schurko, Andrew M.; Siggens, Kenneth W.; Simmons, DeNard; Stief, Anna; Stolle, Eckart; Telford, Maximilian J.; Tessmar-Raible, Kristin; Thornton, Rebecca; van der Zee, Maurijn; von Haeseler, Arndt; Williams, James M.; Willis, Judith H.; Wu, Yuanqing; Zou, Xiaoyan; Lawson, Daniel; Muzny, Donna M.; Worley, Kim C.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Akam, Michael; Richards, Stephen (2014)
      Myriapods (e.g., centipedes and millipedes) display a simple homonomous body plan relative to other arthropods. All members of the class are terrestrial, but they attained terrestriality independently of insects. Myriapoda ...
    • Decomposition of Phragmites australis litter retarded by invasive Solidago canadensis in mixtures: an antagonistic non-additive effect 

      Zhang, Ling; Zhang, Yaojun; Zou, Jianwen; Siemann, Evan (2014)
      Solidago canadensis is an aggressive invader in China. Solidago invasion success is partially attributed to allelopathic compounds release and more benefits fromAMfungi, which potentially makes the properties of Solidago ...
    • Balancing anti-herbivore benefits and anti-pollinator costs of defensive mutualists 

      Ohm, Johanna R.; Miller, Tom E.X. (2014)
      Quantifying costs and benefits of ostensibly mutualistic interactions is an important step toward understanding their evolutionary trajectories. In food-for-protection interactions between ants and extrafloral nectar ...
    • Intraspecific priority effects and disease interact to alter population growth 

      Dibble, Christopher J.; Hall, Spencer R.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2014)
      Intraspecific variation may shape colonization of new habitat patches through a variety of mechanisms. In particular, trait variation among colonizing individuals can produce intraspecific priority effects (IPEs), where ...
    • Nitrogen, biochar, and mycorrhizae: Alteration of the symbiosis and oxidation of the char surface 

      LeCroy, Chase; Masiello, Caroline A.; Rudgers, Jennifer A.; Hockaday, William C.; Silberg, Jonathan J. (2014)
      In some cases amending soil with biochar improves fertility, although the exact mechanisms through which biochar alters soil processes are not well understood. In other cases, however, biochar amendment can have no effect ...
    • Total Synthesis of Viridicatumtoxin B and Analogues Thereof: Strategy Evolution, Structural Revision, and Biological Evaluation 

      Nicolaou, K.C.; Hale, Christopher R.H.; Nilewski, Christian; Ioannidou, Heraklidia A.; ElMarrouni, Abdelatif; Nilewski, Lizanne G.; Beabout, Kathryn; Wang, Tim T.; Shamoo, Yousif (2014)
      The details of the total synthesis of viridicatumtoxin B (1) are described. Initial synthetic strategies toward this intriguing tetracycline antibiotic resulted in the development of key alkylation and Lewis acid-mediated ...
    • Joint assembly and genetic mapping of the Atlantic horseshoe crab genome reveals ancient whole genome duplication 

      Nossa, Carlos W.; Havlak, Paul; Yue, Jia-Xing; Lv, Jie; Vincent, Kimberly Y.; Brockmann, H. Jane; Putnam, Nicholas H. (2014)
      Horseshoe crabs are marine arthropods with a fossil record extending back approximately 450 million years. They exhibit remarkable morphological stability over their long evolutionary history, retaining a number of ancestral ...
    • Evolution After Whole-genome Duplication: A Network Perspective 

      Zhu, Yun; Lin, Zhenguo; Nakhleh, Luay (2013-09-18)
      Gene duplication plays an important role in the evolution of genomes and interactomes. Elucidating how evolution after gene duplication interplays at the sequence and network level is of great interest. In this paper, ...
    • Conspecific Plasticity and Invasion: Invasive Populations of Chinese Tallow (Triadica sebifera) Have Performance Advantage over Native Populations Only in Low Soil Salinity 

      Chen, Leiyi; Tiu, Candice J.; Peng, Shaolin; Siemann, Evan (2013-09-05)
      Global climate change may increase biological invasions in part because invasive species may have greater phenotypic plasticity than native species. This may be especially important for abiotic stresses such as salt ...