Now showing items 1-20 of 67

    • Geographic and Ecological Dimensions of Host Plant-Associated Genetic Differentiation and Speciation in theᅠRhagoletis cingulataᅠ(Diptera: Tephritidae) Sibling Species Group 

      Doellman, Meredith M.; Schuler, Hannes; Jean Saint, Gilbert; Hood, Glen R.; Egan, Scott P.; Powell, Thomas H.Q.; Glover, Mary M.; Bruzzese, Daniel J.; Smith, James J.; Yee, Wee L.; Goughnour, Robert B.; Rull, Juan; Aluja, Martin; Feder, Jeffrey L. (2019)
      Ascertaining the causes of adaptive radiation is central to understanding how new species arise and come to vary with their resources. The ecological theory posits adaptive radiation via divergent natural selection associated ...
    • Individual and combined effects of two types of phenological shifts on predator–prey interactions 

      Rasmussen, Nick L.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2016)
      Timing of phenological events varies among years with natural variation in environmental conditions and is also shifting in response to climate change. These phenological shifts likely have many effects on species interactions. ...
    • Low coverage sequencing of three echinoderm genomes: the brittle star Ophionereis fasciata, the sea star Patiriella regularis, and the sea cucumber Australostichopus mollis 

      Long, Kyle A.; Nossa, Carlos W.; Sewell, Mary A.; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Ryan, Joseph F. (2016)
      BACKGROUND: There are five major extant groups of Echinodermata: Crinoidea (feather stars and sea lillies), Ophiuroidea (brittle stars and basket stars), Asteroidea (sea stars), Echinoidea (sea urchins, sea biscuits, and ...
    • Phenological synchronization drives demographic rates of populations 

      Rasmussen, Nick L.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2015)
      Phenology is increasingly recognized as an important factor structuring communities because it determines when and at what life stage organisms interact. Previous work indicates that changes in first or mean timing of a ...
    • Climate warming increases biological control agent impact on a non-target species 

      Lu, Xinmin; Siemann, Evan; He, Minyan; Wei, Hui; Shao, Xu; Ding, Jianqing (2015)
      Climate change may shift interactions of invasive plants, herbivorous insects and native plants, potentially affecting biological control efficacy and non-target effects on native species. Here, we show how climate warming ...
    • Hemichordate genomes and deuterostome origins 

      Simakov, Oleg; Kawashima, Takeshi; Marlétaz, Ferdinand; Jenkins, Jerry; Koyanagi, Ryo; Mitros, Therese; Hisata, Kanako; Bredeson, Jessen; Shoguchi, Eiichi; Gyoja, Fuki; Yue, Jia-Xing; Chen, Yi-Chih; Freeman, Robert M.; Sasaki, Akane; Hikosaka-Katayama, Tomoe; Sato, Atsuko; Fujie, Manabu; Baughman, Kenneth W.; Levine, Judith; Gonzalez, Paul; Cameron, Christopher; Fritzenwanker, Jens H.; Pani, Ariel M.; Goto, Hiroki; Kanda, Miyuki; Arakaki, Nana; Yamasaki, Shinichi; Qu, Jiaxin; Cree, Andrew; Ding, Yan; Dinh, Huyen H.; Dugan, Shannon; Holder, Michael; Jhangiani, Shalini N.; Kovar, Christie L.; Lee, Sandra L.; Lewis, Lora R.; Morton, Donna; Nazareth, Lynne V.; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Santibanez, Jireh; Chen, Rui; Richards, Stephen; Muzny, Donna M.; Gillis, Andrew; Peshkin, Leonid; Wu, Michael; Humphreys, Tom; Su, Yi-Hsien; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Schmutz, Jeremy; Fujiyama, Asao; Yu, Jr-Kai; Tagawa, Kunifumi; Worley, Kim C.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Kirschner, Marc W.; Lowe, Christopher J.; Satoh, Noriyuki; Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Gerhart, John (2015)
      Acorn worms, also known as enteropneust (literally, ‘gut-breathing’) hemichordates, are marine invertebrates that share features with echinoderms and chordates. Together, these three phyla comprise the deuterostomes. Here ...
    • Timing and Scope of Genomic Expansion within Annelida: Evidence from Homeoboxes in the Genome of the Earthworm Eisenia fetida 

      Zwarycz, Allison S.; Nossa, Carlos W.; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Ryan, Joseph F. (2015)
      Annelida represents a large and morphologically diverse group of bilaterian organisms. The recently published polychaete and leech genome sequences revealed an equally dynamic range of diversity at the genomic level. The ...
    • Niche Differentiation in the Dynamics of Host-Symbiont Interactions: Symbiont Prevalence as a Coexistence Problem 

      Miller, Tom E.X.; Rudgers, Jennifer A. (2014-04)
      Heritable symbioses can have important ecological effects and have triggered important evolutionary innovations. Current predictions for long-term symbiont prevalence are based on their fitness benefits and vertical ...
    • Resolving the roles of body size and species identity in driving functional diversity 

      Rudolf, Volker H.W.; Rasmussen, Nick L.; Dibble, Christopher J.; Van Allen, Benjamin G. (2014)
      Efforts to characterize food webs have generated two influential approaches that reduce the complexity of natural communities. The traditional approach groups individuals based on their species identity, while recently ...
    • Linking phenological shifts to species interactions through size-mediated priority effects 

      Rasmussen, Nick L.; Van Allen, Benjamin G.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2014)
      Interannual variation in seasonal weather patterns causes shifts in the relative timing of phenological events of species within communities, but we currently lack a mechanistic understanding of how these phenological ...
    • Plant size and reproductive state affect the quantity and quality of rewards to animal mutualists 

      Miller, Tom E.X. (2014)
      Many plants engage ants in defensive mutualisms by offering extrafloral nectar (EFN). Identifying sources of variation in EFN quantity (amount) and quality (composition) is important because they can affect ant visitation ...
    • Evolutionary profiling reveals the heterogeneous origins of classes of human disease genes: implications for modeling disease genetics in animals 

      Maxwell, Evan K.; Schnitzler, Christine E.; Havlak, Paul; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Nguyen, Anh-Dao; Moreland, R. Travis (2014)
      Background: The recent expansion of whole-genome sequence data available from diverse animal lineages provides an opportunity to investigate the evolutionary origins of specific classes of human disease genes. Previous ...
    • Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeography of the Norway Rat 

      Song, Ying; Lan, Zhenjiang; Kohn, Michael H. (2014)
      Central Eastern Asia, foremost the area bordering northern China and Mongolia, has been thought to be the geographic region where Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) have originated. However recent fossil analyses pointed to ...
    • Non-Native Plant Litter Enhances Soil Carbon Dioxide Emissions in an Invaded Annual Grassland 

      Zhang, Ling; Wang, Hong; Zou, Jianwen; Rogers, William E.; Siemann, Evan (2014)
      Litter decomposition is a fundamental ecosystem process in which breakdown and decay of plant detritus releases carbon and nutrients. Invasive exotic plants may produce litter that differs from native plant litter in quality ...
    • Species-specific defence responses facilitate conspecifics and inhibit heterospecifics in above-belowground herbivore interactions 

      Huang, Wei; Siemann, Evan; Xiao, Li; Yang, Xuefang; Ding, Jianqing (2014)
      Conspecific and heterospecific aboveground and belowground herbivores often occur together in nature and their interactions may determine community structure. Here we show how aboveground adults and belowground larvae of ...
    • Nitrogen, biochar, and mycorrhizae: Alteration of the symbiosis and oxidation of the char surface 

      LeCroy, Chase; Masiello, Caroline A.; Rudgers, Jennifer A.; Hockaday, William C.; Silberg, Jonathan J. (2014)
      In some cases amending soil with biochar improves fertility, although the exact mechanisms through which biochar alters soil processes are not well understood. In other cases, however, biochar amendment can have no effect ...
    • The First Myriapod Genome Sequence Reveals Conservative Arthropod Gene Content and Genome Organisation in the Centipede Strigamia maritima 

      Chipman, Ariel D.; Ferrier, David E.K.; Brena, Carlo; Qu, Jiaxin; Hughes, Daniel S.T.; Schrӧder, Reinhard; Torres-Oliva, Montserrat; Znassi, Nadia; Jiang, Huaiyang; Almeida, Francisca C.; Alonso, Claudio R.; Apostolou, Zivkos; Aqrawi, Peshtewani; Arthur, Wallace; Barna, Jennifer C.J.; Blankenburg, Kerstin P.; Brites, Daniela; Capella-Gutiérrez, Salvador; Coyle, Marcus; Dearden, Peter K.; Du Pasquier, Louis; Duncan, Elizabeth J.; Ebert, Dieter; Eibner, Cornelius; Erikson, Galina; Evans, Peter D.; Extavour, Cassandra G.; Francisco, Liezl; Gabaldón, Toni; Gillis, William J.; Goodwin-Horn, Elizabeth A.; Green, Jack E.; Griffiths-Jones, Sam; Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J.P.; Gubbala, Sai; Guigó, Roderic; Han, Yi; Hauser, Frank; Havlak, Paul; Hayden, Luke; Helbing, Sophie; Holder, Michael; Hui, Jerome H.L.; Hunn, Julia P.; Hunnekuhl, Vera S.; Jackson, LaRonda; Javaid, Mehwish; Jhangiani, Shalini N.; Jiggins, Francis M.; Jones, Tamsin E.; Kaiser, Tobias S.; Kalra, Divya; Kenny, Nathan J.; Korchina, Viktoriya; Kovar, Christie L.; Kraus, F. Bernhard; Lapraz, François; Lee, Sandra L.; Lv, Jie; Mandapat, Christigale; Manning, Gerard; Mariotti, Marco; Mata, Robert; Mathew, Tittu; Neumann, Tobias; Newsham, Irene; Ngo, Dinh N.; Ninova, Maria; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Ongeri, Fiona; Palmer, William J.; Patil, Shobha; Patraquim, Pedro; Pham, Christopher; Pu, Ling-Ling; Putman, Nicholas H.; Rabouille, Catherine; Ramos, Olivia Mendivil; Rhodes, Adelaide C.; Robertson, Helen E.; Robertson, Hugh M.; Ronshaugen, Matthew; Rozas, Julio; Saada, Nehad; Sánchez-Gracia, Alejandro; Scherer, Steven E.; Schurko, Andrew M.; Siggens, Kenneth W.; Simmons, DeNard; Stief, Anna; Stolle, Eckart; Telford, Maximilian J.; Tessmar-Raible, Kristin; Thornton, Rebecca; van der Zee, Maurijn; von Haeseler, Arndt; Williams, James M.; Willis, Judith H.; Wu, Yuanqing; Zou, Xiaoyan; Lawson, Daniel; Muzny, Donna M.; Worley, Kim C.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Akam, Michael; Richards, Stephen (2014)
      Myriapods (e.g., centipedes and millipedes) display a simple homonomous body plan relative to other arthropods. All members of the class are terrestrial, but they attained terrestriality independently of insects. Myriapoda ...
    • Joint assembly and genetic mapping of the Atlantic horseshoe crab genome reveals ancient whole genome duplication 

      Nossa, Carlos W.; Havlak, Paul; Yue, Jia-Xing; Lv, Jie; Vincent, Kimberly Y.; Brockmann, H. Jane; Putnam, Nicholas H. (2014)
      Horseshoe crabs are marine arthropods with a fossil record extending back approximately 450 million years. They exhibit remarkable morphological stability over their long evolutionary history, retaining a number of ancestral ...
    • Total Synthesis of Viridicatumtoxin B and Analogues Thereof: Strategy Evolution, Structural Revision, and Biological Evaluation 

      Nicolaou, K.C.; Hale, Christopher R.H.; Nilewski, Christian; Ioannidou, Heraklidia A.; ElMarrouni, Abdelatif; Nilewski, Lizanne G.; Beabout, Kathryn; Wang, Tim T.; Shamoo, Yousif (2014)
      The details of the total synthesis of viridicatumtoxin B (1) are described. Initial synthetic strategies toward this intriguing tetracycline antibiotic resulted in the development of key alkylation and Lewis acid-mediated ...
    • An HMM-Based Comparative Genomic Framework for Detecting Introgression in Eukaryotes 

      Liu, Kevin J.; Dai, Jingxuan; Truong, Kathy; Song, Ying; Kohn, Michael H.; Nakhleh, Luay (2014)
      One outcome of interspecific hybridization and subsequent effects of evolutionary forces is introgression, which is the integration of genetic material from one species into the genome of an individual in another species. ...