The Texas City disaster records were created and / or maintained by survivor Robert M. Morris, of Texas City, TX. The reports, statements, images and notes describe the events of the April 16, 1947 when a French ship carrying fertilizer on Galveston Bay caught fire and exploded, causing disaster on shore at the nearby Monsanto styrene plant and other petroleum refineries, homes, warehouses, ships and buildings. At least 576 were killed and 4,000 injured, with the town being almost completely destroyed.

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Related material: Mansanto Chemical Company archives located at Washington University Libraries, St. Louis, Missouri. Finding aid for this material is on-line at http://library.wustl.edu/units/spec/archives/guides/pdf/monsanto.pdf.

Recent Submissions

  • Letter from Edgar M. Queeny to Monsanto stockholders: The Texas City Disaster 

    Queeny, Edgar M. (1947-04-30)
    Letter from Edgar M. Queeny, Chairman of the Board, to stockholders of Monsanto Chemical Company: The Texas City Disaster. The letter includes descriptions of the damages, casualties, financial losses, and benefits ...
  • Texas City disaster area, post-explosion photographs 

    Unknown author (1947)
    Photographs of the Texas City, Texas waterfront after it was devastated by the April 16, 1947 disaster which occurred when a French ship carrying fertilizer on Galveston Bay caught fire and exploded. The nearby Monsanto ...
  • Texas City disaster area, pre-explosion photographs 

    Unknown author (1947)
    Photographs of the Texas City, Texas waterfront which was later devastated by the April 16, 1947 disaster which occurred when a French ship carrying fertilizer on Galveston Bay caught fire and exploded. The nearby Monsanto ...