Platelets: A Multiscale Approach for Recovering Edges and Surfaces in Photon-Limited Medical Imaging
Nowak, Robert David
wavelets; multiresolution; tomography; photon-limited; denoising; reconstruction; Poisson
This paper proposes a new multiscale image decomposition based on platelets. Platelets are localized functions at various scales, locations, and orientations that produce piecewise linear image approximations. Platelets are well suited for approximating images consisting of smooth regions separated by smooth boundaries. For smoothness measured in certain Holder classes, it is shown that the error of m-term platelet approximations can decay significantly faster than that of m-term approximations in terms of sinusoids, wavelets, or wedgelets. This suggests that platelets may outperform existing techniques for image denoising and reconstruction. Moreover, the platelet decomposition is based on a recursive image partitioning scheme which, unlike conventional wavelet decompositions, is very well suited to photon-limited medical imaging applications involving Poisson distributed data. Fast, platelet-based, maximum penalized likelihood methods for photon-limited image denoising, deblurring and tomographic reconstruction problems are developed. Because platelet decompositions of Poisson distributed images are tractable and computationally efficient, existing image reconstruction methods based on expectation-maximization type algorithms can be easily enhanced with platelet techniques. Experimental results demonstrate that platelet-based methods can outperform standard reconstruction methods currently in use in confocal microscopy, image restoration and emission tomography.