Network Traffic Modeling using a Multifractal Wavelet Model
Riedi, Rudolf H.
Ribeiro, Vinay Joseph
Baraniuk, Richard G.
long range dependent network traffic
In this paper, we develop a simple and powerful multiscale model for syntheizing nonFaussian, long-range dependent (LRD) network traffic. Although wavelets effectively decorrelate LRD data, wavelet-based models have generally been restricted by a Gaussianity assumption that can be un-realistic for traffic. Using a multiplicative superstructure on top of the Haar wavelet transform, we exploit the decorrelating properties of wavelets while simultaneously capturing the positivity and "spikiness" of nonGaussian traffic. This leads to a swift O(N) algorithm for fitting and synthesizing N-point data sets. The resulting model belongs to the class of multifractal cascades, a set of processes with rich statistical properties. We elucidate our model's ability to capture the covariance structure of real data and then fit it to real traffic traces. Queueing experiments demonstrate the accuracy of the model for matching real data.