ASIP Architecture Implementation of Channel Equalization Algorithms for MIMO Systems in WCDMA Downlink
Cavallaro, Joseph R.
de Baynast, Alexandre
Equalization; MIMO; ASIP; WCDMA
This paper presents a customized and flexible hardware implementation of linear iterative channel equalization algorithms for WCDMA downlink transmission in 3G wireless system with multiple transmit and receive antennas (MIMO system). Optimized (in terms of area and execution time) and power efficient Application Specific Instruction set Processors (ASIPs) based on Transport Triggered Architecture (TTA) are designed that can operate efficiently in slow and fast fading high scattering environments. The instruction set of TTA processors is extended with several user-defined operations specific for channel equalization algorithms that dramatically optimize the architecture solution for the physical layer of the mobile handset. The final results of presented design-space exploration method are the ASIP processors with low cost/performance ratio. Automatic software-hardware co-design flow for conversion of C application code into gate-level hardware design of ASIP architectures is also described. Implemented ASIP solutions achieve real time requirements for 3GPP wireless standard (1xEV-DV standard, in particular) with reasonable clock speed and power dissipation.
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