Scalable FPGA Architectures for LMMSE-based SIMO Chip Equalizer in HSDPA Downlink
Zhang, Jianzhong (Charlie)
Cavallaro, Joseph R.
FPGA; chip equalizer; SIMO; HSDPA
In this paper, scalable FPGA architectures for the LMMSE-based chip-level equalizer in HSDPA downlink re-ceivers are studied. An FFT-based algorithm is applied to avoid the direct matrix inverse by utilizing the block-Toeplitz structure of the correlation matrix. A Pipelined-Multiplexing-Scheduler (PMS) is designed in the front-end to achieve scalable computation of the correlation coefficients. Very efficient VLSI architectures are designed by investigat-ing the multiple level parallelism and pipelining with a Precision-C based High-Level-Synthesis (HLS) design methodology. A 1Ã 2 Single-Input-Multiple-Output (SIMO) downlink receiver is designed and integrated in the HSDPA prototype system with Xilinx Virtex-II XC2V6000 FPGAs. The design demonstrates more area/time efficiency by achieving the best tradeoffs between the usage of functional units and real-time requirements.
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- ECE Publications