Sparse Signal Detection from Incoherent Projections
Davenport, Mark A.
Wakin, Michael B.
Duarte, Marco F.
Baraniuk, Richard G.
The recently introduced theory of Compressed Sensing (CS) enables the reconstruction or approximation of sparse or compressible signals from a small set of incoherent projections; often the number of projections can be much smaller than the number of Nyquist rate samples. In this paper, we show that the CS framework is information scalable to a wide range of statistical inference tasks. In particular, we demonstrate how CS principles can solve signal detection problems given incoherent measurements without ever reconstructing the signals involved. We specifically study the case of signal dection in strong inference and noise and propose an Incoherent Detection and Estimation Algorithm (IDEA) based on Matching Pursuit. The number of measurements and computations necessary for successful detection using IDEA is significantly lower than that necessary for successful reconstruction. Simulations show that IDEA is very resilient to strong interference, additive noise, and measurement quantization. When combined with random measurements, IDEA is applicable to a wide range of different signal classes.