Simplified Wavelet-Domain Hidden Markov Models using Contexts
Baraniuk, Richard G.
Wavelet-domain hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a potent new tool for modeling the statistical properties of wavelet transforms. In addition to characterizing the statistics of individual wavelet coefficients, HMMs capture the salient interactions between wavelet coefficients. However, as we model an increasing number of wavelet coefficient interactions, HMM-based signal processing becomes increasingly complicated. In this paper, we propose a new approach to HMMs based on the notion of context. By modeling wavelet coefficient inter-dependencies via contexts, we retain the approximation capabilities of HMMs, yet substantially reduce their complexity. To illustrate the power of this approach, we develop new algorithms for signal estimation and for efficient synthesis of nonGaussian, long-range-dependent network traffic.