Using Predictable Observer Mobility for Power Efficient Design of Sensor Networks
Mobility; Sensor Networks; Power
In this paper, we explore a novel avenue of saving power in sensor networks based on predictable mobility of the observer (or data sink). Predictable mobility is a good model for public transportation ve- hicles (buses, shuttles and trains), which can act as mobile observers in wide area sensor networks. To understand the gains due to predictable mobility, we model the data collection process as a queuing system, where random arrivals model randomness in the spatial distribution of sensors. Using the queuing model, we analyze the success in data collection, and quantify the power consumption of the network. Even though the mod- eling is performed for a network which uses only single hop communi- cation, we show that the power savings over a static sensor network are significant. Finally, we present a simple observer-driven communication protocol, which follows naturally from the problem formulation and can be used to achieve the predicted power savings.