Les visages du heros l'initiation dans les romans de Chretien de Troyes
Doctor of Philosophy
In a atemporal space where the real and the fantastic intertwine, the heroes of Chretien de Troyes represent projections of an ideal personality. Their symbolic quest is but means of individuation, since, through voyage, the heroes undertake a task of double exploration: that of the exterior and that of the interior world. The confrontation with Evil is the expression of the hero's internal struggle and his adventures translate into initiatic terms. The plot of Chretien de Troyes' works evinces a mythical structure: the voyage of the hero into the "Other World" and his triumphant return. His characteristics of "the chosen one", of the champion of order, as well as his newly acquired status will be acknowledged by the community. Redeemed either by a religious experience or by submission to a lady and/or to the code of conduct, the hero reconquers his place in the world. An approach based on parallelism and juxtaposition has allowed this study to look into the archetypal nature of Chretien de Troyes' heroes, to interpret the recurrent motifs and patterns, which lend the hero an archetypal dimension. Structured around the hero's identity crisis and quest this study explores the relationship between myth, tale and romance.
Medieval literature; Romance literature