Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of (III,manganese)V ferromagnetic semiconductors
Doctor of Philosophy thesis
This thesis describes magneto-optical processes in ferromagnetic (III,Mn)V semiconductors and their heterostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses. Two-color ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy has been developed, which allows us to observe a rich array of dynamical phenomena that are absent in traditional nonmagnetic semiconductors or metallic/insulating magnets. We isolate several distinct temporal regimes in spin dynamics, interpreting the fast (< 1 ps) dynamics as spin heating through sp-d exchange interaction between photo-carriers and Mn ions while the ∼100 ps component as a manifestation of spin-lattice relaxation. Charge carrier and phonon dynamics were also carefully studied, showing an ultrashort charge lifetime of photoinjected electrons (∼ 2 ps) and propagating coherent acoustic phonon wavepackets with strongly probe energy dependent oscillation period, amplitude and damping.
Physics, Electricity and Magnetism; Physics, Condensed Matter; Physics, Optics