Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of (III,manganese)V ferromagnetic semiconductors

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Title: Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of (III,manganese)V ferromagnetic semiconductors
Author: Wang, Jigang
Advisor: Kono, Junichiro
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy thesis
Abstract: This thesis describes magneto-optical processes in ferromagnetic (III,Mn)V semiconductors and their heterostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses. Two-color ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy has been developed, which allows us to observe a rich array of dynamical phenomena that are absent in traditional nonmagnetic semiconductors or metallic/insulating magnets. We isolate several distinct temporal regimes in spin dynamics, interpreting the fast (< 1 ps) dynamics as spin heating through sp-d exchange interaction between photo-carriers and Mn ions while the ∼100 ps component as a manifestation of spin-lattice relaxation. Charge carrier and phonon dynamics were also carefully studied, showing an ultrashort charge lifetime of photoinjected electrons (∼ 2 ps) and propagating coherent acoustic phonon wavepackets with strongly probe energy dependent oscillation period, amplitude and damping.
Citation: Wang, Jigang. (2005) "Ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy of (III,manganese)V ferromagnetic semiconductors." Doctoral Thesis, Rice University.
Date: 2005

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