Petrofabric analysis of experimentally deformed calcite-cemented sandstones
Doctor of Philosophy
Cylinders of sand crystals, composed of single crystals of calcite that poikilitically enclose detrital grains, and calcite-cemented sandstones from the Tensleep (Pennsylvanian, Wyoming) and Supai (Permian, Nevada) formations were experimentally deformed dry at confining pressures of 1--5 kilobars and temperatures of 150°--300°C. Thin sections of the undeformed and deformed specimens were studied microscopically to gain a better understanding of the behavior of sandstones in simulated tectonic environments. The calcite and the detrital grains (quartz, feldspar, and others), which have radically different physical and mechanical properties, are shown statistically to have deformed with respect to the principal stresses across the boundaries of the whole specimens rather than with regard to local stress concentrations at grain contacts.