Non-Fermi liquid states in strongly correlated electron systems
Smith, John Lleweilun
Doctor of Philosophy
In this thesis, we develop a dynamical mean field approach to strongly correlated electron systems. Our approach is based on the standard limit of infinite dimensions but goes beyond that by treating inter-unit-cell interactions on an equal footing with inter-unit-cell ones. We apply this approach to several systems, including the Kondo lattice model and the extended Hubbard model. For the extended Hubbard model, we find that certain non-Fermi liquid states survive in the presence of intra-unit-cell interactions. Our results provide the first step towards establishing the relevance of these states to physical systems in finite dimensions. For the Kondo lattice model, we identify a novel quantum critical point where the local Kondo dynamics is also critical. This novel critical point appears to describe what happens in certain heavy fermion metals close to a magnetic phase transition.
Condensed matter physics