Justice in personality testing: Influence of feedback of results, test modality, and elaboration opportunity on attitudinal reactions to and responses on a personality test
Dipboye, Robert L.
Master of Arts
Manipulations of a personality test administration are examined, in light of their effects on the test-takers' perceptions of the test's fairness, their acceptance of an outcome derived from the test, socially desirable responding, and other test reactions. Test-takers were administered the same personality test either face-to-face with the experimenter, or it was given to them as a traditional paper-and-pencil measure. Also, they either were or were not given an opportunity to elaborate on their responses to the items on the test. The opportunity to elaborate improved perceptions of the test's fairness. Negative test outcomes were associated with negative test reactions. Additionally, it was found that socially desirable responding was decreased in the face-to-face administration by providing the elaboration opportunity.
Industrial psychology; Personality psychology; Psychology; Psychometrics