Semantic and phonological representations in immediate sentence repetition
Martin, Randi C.
Master of Arts
Three experiments were conducted adopting the same paradigm used by Potter and Lombardi (1990) with two different types of lure words, 'only semantically related' and 'both semantically and phonologically related'. Stimuli were presented either in rapid serial visual presentation or in auditory presentation. In Experiment 1, word lists preceded sentences whereas word lists followed sentences in Experiment 2. Greater SP than S intrusions were found in both experiments. Intrusions were higher in Experiment 2 than in Experiment 1 with only auditory presentation. These findings support the notion of phonological representations in short-term memory for sentences. With more closely controlled factors, the findings of Experiment 1 and 2 were replicated in Experiment 3. Experiment 3, furthermore, showed that encoding phonological information occurs at all position and is retained up to the point of recall.
Linguistics; Cognitive psychology