Three-dimensional traveltime tomography at a shallow groundwater contamination site
Zelt, Colin A.
Master of Arts
I performed traveltime tomography on a 3-D seismic refraction dateset collected at Hill Air Force Base, Utah in 2000. The survey covers a 95m by 36m area over a contaminated aquifer that is bounded below by a clay aquiclude, in which a paleochannel acts as a trap for the contaminants. Presented are results using an iterative, nonlinear, traveltime tomographic approach applied to 187,877 traveltimes. The resulting velocity model shows that the near-surface velocity increases by roughly a factor of 5 in the upper 15m, from about 300m/s to 1500m/s. Cross-sections through the model show a north-south trending low-velocity feature interpreted to be the channel structure. Checkerboard tests applied to the velocity model establishes a 7.5m lateral resolution throughout most of the depth range of interest. While the long wavelength features of the model reveal the paleo-channel, the velocity model is likely a broad and smooth characterization of the true velocity structure.
Geophysics; Environmental engineering