Transport and lipid solubility of hydrophobic organic compounds using semipermeable membranes: Influence of dissolved organic matter and solution chemistry
Dalton, Sarah Kathryn
Wiesner, Mark R.
Master of Science
Association of hydrophobic organic compounds with dissolved organic matter in natural water systems may impact a contaminant's ability to transport across synthetic membranes. Importantly, these interactions can create interferences when monitoring ambient levels of contaminants with a potential for biouptake. The influence of water-quality matrix conditions on the transport and lipid uptake of five hydrophobic organic compounds of environmental concern was investigated by partnering semipermeable membranes with a model lipid phase in a batch dialysis system. Contaminants fell into two characteristic groups based on the response of transport and lipid uptake to exposure conditions: one for which behavior was largely independent of water-quality matrix conditions and one for which alterations to the bulk aqueous phase were impactful. For short exposure periods, the abiotic technique demonstrated the potential to qualitatively replicate the root-to-shoot translocation behavior of non-ionized hydrophobic organic compounds in plant systems.