The contributions of semantic and phonological representations in verbal recall: A study using sentence repetition
Katz, Michael Ari
Martin, Randi C.
Master of Arts
Five experiments investigated whether phonological representations play a role in verbatim sentence repetition. Experiments 1 and 2 revealed that words related both semantically and phonologically to sentence words were more likely to be intruded into sentences than were words related only semantically. Experiment 4, the most stringently controlled, also yielded more intrusions for semantically and phonologically related lures, with a larger effect for abstract than concrete stimuli. Experiment 5 demonstrated that words related only phonologically to sentence words could be intruded into sentences as well. It is argued that veridical sentence recall taps phonological as well as semantic memory representations for accurate performance; a view inconsistent with the "Semantic Regeneration Hypothesis" offered by Potter and Lombardi (1990). Further, it is argued that the semantic and phonological representations act in an interactive fashion and support each other during sentence recall.
Experimental psychology; Cognitive psychology