Now showing items 1-20 of 1194

    • Intensive Atomization Energy: Re-Thinking a Metric for Electronic Structure Theory Methods 

      Perdew, John P.; Sun, Jianwei; Garza, Alejandro J.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2016)
      The errors in atomization energies (AE) of molecules have long been used to measure the errors of wavefunction or density functional methods for electronic structure calculations. In particular, the G3 set of Pople and ...
    • Scaling properties of the plateau transitions in the two-dimensional hole gas system 

      Wang, Xuebin; Liu, Haiwen; Zhu, Junbo; Shan, Pujia; Wang, Pengjie; Fu, Hailong; Du, Lingjie; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W.; Xie, X.C.; Du, Rui-Rui; Lin, Xi (2016)
      The behavior of phase coherence is studied in two-dimensional hole gas through the integer quantum Hall plateau-to-plateau transition. From the plateau transition as a function of temperature, scaling properties of multiple ...
    • Impact of uniaxial pressure on structural and magnetic phase transitions in electron-doped iron pnictides 

      Lu, Xingye; Tseng, Kuo-Feng; Keller, T.; Zhang, Wenliang; Hu, Ding; Song, Yu; Man, Haoran; Park, J.T.; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Dai, Pengcheng (2016)
      We use neutron resonance spin echo and Larmor diffraction to study the effect of uniaxial pressure on the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (Ts) and antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transitions in iron pnictides ...
    • Electronic specific heat in BaFe2−xNixAs2 

      Gong, Dongliang; Xie, Tao; Lu, Xingye; Ren, Cong; Shan, Lei; Zhang, Rui; Dai, Pengcheng; Yang, Yi-feng; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang (2016)
      We have systematically studied the low-temperature specific heat of the BaFe2−xNixAs2 single crystals covering the whole superconducting dome. Using the nonsuperconducting heavily overdoped x=0.3 sample as a reference for ...
    • Notch-Jagged signalling can give rise to clusters of cells exhibiting a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

      Boareto, Marcelo; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Goldman, Aaron; Pietilä, Mika; Mani, Sendurai A.; Sengupta, Shiladitya; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert; Onuchic, José N. (2016)
      Metastasis can involve repeated cycles of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. Cells can also undergo partial transitions to attain a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal ...
    • Synthetic-gauge-field stabilization of the chiral-spin-liquid phase 

      Chen, Gang; Hazzard, Kaden R. A.; Rey, Ana Maria; Hermele, Michael (2016)
      We explore the phase diagram of the SU(N) Hubbard models describing fermionic alkaline-earth-metal atoms in a square optical lattice with, on average, one atom per site, using a slave rotor mean-field approach. We find ...
    • High Chromaticity Aluminum Plasmonic Pixels for Active Liquid Crystal Displays 

      Olson, Jana; Manjavacas, Alejandro; Basu, Tiyash; Huang, Da; Schlather, Andrea E.; Zheng, Bob; Halas, Naomi; Nordlander, Peter; Link, Stephan (2016)
      Chromatic devices such as flat panel displays could, in principle, be substantially improved by incorporating aluminum plasmonic nanostructures instead of conventional chromophores that are susceptible to photobleaching. ...
    • Magnetic and Ising quantum phase transitions in a model for isoelectronically tuned iron pnictides 

      Wu, Jianda; Si, Qimiao; Abrahams, Elihu (2016)
      Considerations of the observed bad-metal behavior in Fe-based superconductors led to an early proposal for quantum criticality induced by isoelectronic P for As doping in iron arsenides, which has since been experimentally ...
    • Single-molecule force measurements of the polymerizing dimeric subunit of von Willebrand factor 

      Wijeratne, Sithara S.; Li, Jingqiang; Yeh, Hui-Chun; Nolasco, Leticia; Zhou, Zhou; Bergeron, Angela; Frey, Eric W.; Moake, Joel L.; Dong, Jing-fei; Kiang, Ching-Hwa (2016)
      Von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers are large adhesive proteins that are essential to the initiation of hemostatic plugs at sites of vascular injury. The binding of VWF multimers to platelets, as well as VWF proteolysis, ...
    • Comparison study of ring current simulations with and without bubble injections 

      Yang, Jian; Toffoletto, Frank R.; Wolf, Richard A. (2016)
      For many years, stand-alone ring current models have been successfully producing storm time ring current enhancements without specifying explicit localized transient injections along their outer boundaries. However, both ...
    • Turning On and Off Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Fluorescent Proteins by π-Stacking, Halide Binding, and Tyr145 Mutations 

      Bogdanov, Alexey M.; Acharya, Atanu; Titelmayer, Anastasia V.; Mamontova, Anastasia V.; Bravaya, Ksenia B.; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B.; Lukyanov, Konstantin A.; Krylov, Anna I. (2016)
      Photoinduced electron transfer in fluorescent proteins from the GFP family can be regarded either as an asset facilitating new applications or as a nuisance leading to the loss of optical output. Photooxidation commonly ...
    • A window for plate tectonics in terrestrial planet evolution? 

      O’Neill, Craig; Lenardic, Adrian; Weller, Matthew; Moresi, Louis; Quenette, Steve; Zhang, Siqi (2016)
      The tectonic regime of a planet depends critically on the contributions of basal and internal heating to the planetary mantle, and how these evolve through time. We use viscoplastic mantle convection simulations, with ...
    • Functional interplay between SA1 and TRF1 in telomeric DNA binding and DNA–DNA pairing 

      Lin, Jiangguo; Countryman, Preston; Chen, Haijiang; Pan, Hai; Fan, Yanlin; Jiang, Yunyun; Kaur, Parminder; Miao, Wang; Gurgel, Gisele; You, Changjiang; Piehler, Jacob; Kad, Neil M.; Riehn, Robert; Opresko, Patricia L.; Smith, Susan; Tao, Yizhi Jane; Wang, Hong (2016)
      Proper chromosome alignment and segregation during mitosis depend on cohesion between sister chromatids. Cohesion is thought to occur through the entrapment of DNA within the tripartite ring (Smc1, Smc3 and Rad21) with ...
    • Structural and Optical Properties of Discrete Dendritic Pt Nanoparticles on Colloidal Au Nanoprisms 

      Leary, Rowan K.; Kumar, Anjli; Straney, Patrick J.; Collins, Sean M.; Yazdi, Sadegh; Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.; Midgley, Paul A.; Millstone, Jill E.; Ringe, Emilie (2016)
      Catalytic and optical properties can be coupled by combining different metals into nanoscale architectures where both the shape and composition provide fine-tuning of functionality. Here, discrete, small Pt nanoparticles ...
    • Tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ stimulate MUC16 (CA125) expression in breast, endometrial and ovarian cancers through NFκB 

      Morgado, Micaela; Sutton, Margie N.; Simmons, Mary; Warren, Curtis R.; Lu, Zhen; Constantinou, Pamela E.; Liu, Jinsong; Francis, Lewis L.W.; Conlan, R. Steven; Bast, Robert C. Jr.; Carson, Daniel D. (2016)
      Transmembrane mucins (TMs) are restricted to the apical surface of normal epithelia. In cancer, TMs not only are over-expressed, but also lose polarized distribution. MUC16/CA125 is a high molecular weight TM carrying the ...
    • The effects of ER morphology on synaptic structure and function inDrosophila melanogaster 

      Summerville, James B.; Faust, Joseph F.; Fan, Ethan; Pendin, Diana; Daga, Andrea; Formella, Joseph; Stern, Michael; McNew, James A. (2016)
      Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a set of genetic diseases caused by mutations in one of 72 genes that results in age-dependent corticospinal axon degeneration accompanied by spasticity and paralysis. Two genes ...
    • Stability of the hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

      Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Tripathi, Satyendra C.; Jia, Dongya; Mooney, Steven M.; Celiktas, Muge; Hanash, Samir M.; Mani, Sendurai A.; Pienta, Kenneth J.; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert (2016)
      Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and its reverse - Mesenchymal to Epithelial Transition (MET) - are hallmarks of cellular plasticity during embryonic development and cancer metastasis. During EMT, epithelial cells ...
    • Synthesis and Photostability of Unimolecular Submersible Nanomachines: Toward Single-Molecule Tracking in Solution 

      García-López, Víctor; Jeffet, Jonathan; Kuwahara, Shunsuke; Martí, Angel A.; Ebenstein, Yuval; Tour, James M. (2016)
      The synthesis and photophysical properties of a series of photostable unimolecular submersible nanomachines (USNs) are reported as a first step toward the analysis of their trajectories in solution. The USNs have a ...
    • Tumor Budding: The Name is EMT. Partial EMT. 

      Grigore, Alexandru Dan; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Jia, Dongya; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Levine, Herbert (2016)
      Tumor budding is a histological phenomenon encountered in various cancers, whereby individual malignant cells and/or small clusters of malignant cells are seen in the tumor stroma. Postulated to be mirror epithelial-mesenchymal ...
    • Adsorption and Unfolding of a Single Protein Triggers Nanoparticle Aggregation 

      Dominguez-Medina, Sergio; Kisley, Lydia; Tauzin, Lawrence J.; Hoggard, Anneli; Shuang, Bo; Indrasekara, A. Swarnapali D.S.; Chen, Sishan; Wang, Lin-Yung; Derry, Paul J.; Liopo, Anton; Zubarev, Eugene R.; Landes, Christy F.; Link, Stephan (2016)
      The response of living systems to nanoparticles is thought to depend on the protein corona, which forms shortly after exposure to physiological fluids and which is linked to a wide array of pathophysiologies. A mechanistic ...