Now showing items 292-351 of 1114

    • Facile one-pot synthesis of triphenylbismuth (V) bis(carboxylate) complexes 

      Kumar, Ish; Bhattacharya, Prateek; Whitmire, Kenton H. (2014)
      Triphenylbismuth(V) bis(carboxylates), Ph3Bi(O2CR)2 (R = 5-Br-2-OH-C6H3- (1), 2-OH-C6H4-(2), 2,6-(OH)2-C6H3- (3); 3-Me-2-NH2-C6H3- (4); Ph- (5) and Me- (6)) were obtained from the reaction of triphenylbismuth with hydrogen ...
    • Facilitation and Competition among Invasive Plants: A Field Experiment with Alligatorweed and Water Hyacinth 

      Wundrow, Emily J.; Carrillo, Juli; Gabler, Christopher A.; Horn, Katherine C.; Siemann, Evan (2012-10-30)
    • Failure of the Hasse Principle on General K3 Surfaces 

      Hassett, Brendan; Varilly-Alvarado, Anthony (2013)
      We show that transcendental elements of the Brauer group of an algebraic surface can obstruct the Hasse principle. We construct a general K3 surface X of degree 2 over Q, together with a two-torsion Brauer class that is ...
    • Fast Step Transition and State Identification (STaSI) for Discrete Single-Molecule Data Analysis 

      Shuang, Bo; Cooper, David; Taylor, J. Nick; Kisley, Lydia; Chen, Jixin; Wang, Wenxiao; Li, Chun Biu; Komatsuzaki, Tamiki; Landes, Christy F. (2014)
      We introduce a step transition and state identification (STaSI) method for piecewise constant single-molecule data with a newly derived minimum description length equation as the objective function. We detect the step ...
    • Fermi-edge superfluorescence from a quantum-degenerate electron-hole gas 

      Kim, Ji-Hee; Noe, G. Timothy II; McGill, Stephen A.; Wang, Yongrui; Wojcik, Aleksander K.; Belyanin, Alexey A.; Kono, Junichiro (2013)
      Nonequilibrium can be a source of order. This rather counterintuitive statement has been proven to be true through a variety of fluctuation-driven, self-organization behaviors exhibited by out-of-equilibrium, many-body ...
    • Ferromagnetic Order at (100) p(1×1) Surfaces of Bulk Paramagnetic Vanadium 

      Rau, C.; Liu, C.; Schmalzbauer, A.; Xing, G. (1986)
      Electron-capture spectroscopy has been used to investigate magnetic order at the topmost atomic layer of atomically clean and flat (100) surfaces of bulk paramagnetic vanadium. From low-energy electron diffraction measurements, ...
    • Ferromagnetic order at surfaces of ultrathin epitaxial fcc γ-Fe(111)p(11) films on Cu(111) 

      Rau, C.; Schneider, C.; Xing, G.; Jamison, K. (1986)
      Electron-capture spectroscopy has been used to investigate long-ranged and short-ranged two-dimensional magnetic order at free (uncoated) surfaces of homogeneous (island-free), ultrathin fcc γ-Fe(111)(1×1) films pseudomorphically ...
    • Field-induced long-range magnetic order in the spin-singlet ground-state system YbAl3C3: Neutron diffraction study 

      Khalyavin, D.D.; Adroja, D.T.; Manuel, P.; Daoud-Aladine, A.; Kosaka, M.; Kondo, K.; McEwen, K.A.; Pixley, J.H.; Si, Qimiao (2013)
      The 4f-electron system YbAl3C3 with a nonmagnetic spin-dimer ground state has been studied by neutron diffraction in an applied magnetic field. A long-range magnetic order involving both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ...
    • Film drainage and the lifetime of bubbles 

      Nguyen, C.T.; Gonnermann, H.M.; Chen, Y. (2013)
      [1] We present the results of new laboratory experiments that provide constraints on inter bubble film thinning and bubble coalescence as a consequence of liquid expulsion by gravitational and capillary forces. To ensure ...
    • Filtering smooth concordance classes of topologically slice knots 

      Cochran, Tim D.; Harvey, Shelly; Horn, Peter (2013)
      We propose and analyze a structure with which to organize the difference between a knot in S3 bounding a topologically embedded 2–disk in B4 and it bounding a smoothly embedded disk. The n–solvable filtration of the ...
    • Finite population size effects in quasispecies models with single-peak fitness landscape 

      Saakian, David B.; Deem, Michael W.; Hu, Chin-Kun (2012-04)
      We consider finite population size effects for Crow-Kimura and Eigen quasispecies models with single-peak fitness landscape. We formulate accurately the iteration procedure for the finite population models, then derive the ...
    • Finite-frequency Rayleigh wave tomography of the western Mediterranean: Mapping its lithospheric structure 

      Palomeras, I.; Thurner, S.; Levander, A.; Liu, K.; Villasenor, A.; Carbonell, R.; Harnafi, M. (2014)
      [1] We present a 3-D P wave velocity model of the crust and shallowest mantle under the Italian region, that includes a revised Moho depth map, obtained by regional seismic travel time tomography. We invert 191,850 Pn and Pg wave ...
    • Finite-range corrections near a Feshbach resonance and their role in the Efimov effect 

      Dyke, P.; Pollack, S.E.; Hulet, R.G. (2013)
      We have measured the binding energy of 7Li Feshbach molecules deep into the nonuniversal regime by associating atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate with a modulated magnetic field. We extract the scattering length from these ...
    • The First Myriapod Genome Sequence Reveals Conservative Arthropod Gene Content and Genome Organisation in the Centipede Strigamia maritima 

      Chipman, Ariel D.; Ferrier, David E.K.; Brena, Carlo; Qu, Jiaxin; Hughes, Daniel S.T.; Schrӧder, Reinhard; Torres-Oliva, Montserrat; Znassi, Nadia; Jiang, Huaiyang; Almeida, Francisca C.; Alonso, Claudio R.; Apostolou, Zivkos; Aqrawi, Peshtewani; Arthur, Wallace; Barna, Jennifer C.J.; Blankenburg, Kerstin P.; Brites, Daniela; Capella-Gutiérrez, Salvador; Coyle, Marcus; Dearden, Peter K.; Du Pasquier, Louis; Duncan, Elizabeth J.; Ebert, Dieter; Eibner, Cornelius; Erikson, Galina; Evans, Peter D.; Extavour, Cassandra G.; Francisco, Liezl; Gabaldón, Toni; Gillis, William J.; Goodwin-Horn, Elizabeth A.; Green, Jack E.; Griffiths-Jones, Sam; Grimmelikhuijzen, Cornelis J.P.; Gubbala, Sai; Guigó, Roderic; Han, Yi; Hauser, Frank; Havlak, Paul; Hayden, Luke; Helbing, Sophie; Holder, Michael; Hui, Jerome H.L.; Hunn, Julia P.; Hunnekuhl, Vera S.; Jackson, LaRonda; Javaid, Mehwish; Jhangiani, Shalini N.; Jiggins, Francis M.; Jones, Tamsin E.; Kaiser, Tobias S.; Kalra, Divya; Kenny, Nathan J.; Korchina, Viktoriya; Kovar, Christie L.; Kraus, F. Bernhard; Lapraz, François; Lee, Sandra L.; Lv, Jie; Mandapat, Christigale; Manning, Gerard; Mariotti, Marco; Mata, Robert; Mathew, Tittu; Neumann, Tobias; Newsham, Irene; Ngo, Dinh N.; Ninova, Maria; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Ongeri, Fiona; Palmer, William J.; Patil, Shobha; Patraquim, Pedro; Pham, Christopher; Pu, Ling-Ling; Putman, Nicholas H.; Rabouille, Catherine; Ramos, Olivia Mendivil; Rhodes, Adelaide C.; Robertson, Helen E.; Robertson, Hugh M.; Ronshaugen, Matthew; Rozas, Julio; Saada, Nehad; Sánchez-Gracia, Alejandro; Scherer, Steven E.; Schurko, Andrew M.; Siggens, Kenneth W.; Simmons, DeNard; Stief, Anna; Stolle, Eckart; Telford, Maximilian J.; Tessmar-Raible, Kristin; Thornton, Rebecca; van der Zee, Maurijn; von Haeseler, Arndt; Williams, James M.; Willis, Judith H.; Wu, Yuanqing; Zou, Xiaoyan; Lawson, Daniel; Muzny, Donna M.; Worley, Kim C.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Akam, Michael; Richards, Stephen (2014)
      Myriapods (e.g., centipedes and millipedes) display a simple homonomous body plan relative to other arthropods. All members of the class are terrestrial, but they attained terrestriality independently of insects. Myriapoda ...
    • The First Pulse of the Extremely Bright GRB 130427A: A Test Lab for Synchrotron Shocks 

      Preece, R.; Burgess, J. Michael; von Kienlin, A.; Bhat, P.N.; Briggs, M.S.; Byrne, D.; Chaplin, V.; Cleveland, W.; Collazzi, A.C.; Connaughton, V.; Diekmann, A.; Fitzpatrick, G.; Foley, S.; Gibby, M.; Giles, M.; Goldstein, A.; Greiner, J.; Gruber, D.; Jenke, P.; Kippen, R.M.; Kouveliotou, C.; McBreen, S.; Meegan, C.; Paciesas, W.S.; Pelassa, V.; Tierney, D.; van der Horst, A.J.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Xiong, S.; Younes, G.; Yu, H.-F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Baring, M.G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bissaldi, E.; Bonamente, E.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cameron, R.A.; Caraveo, P.A.; Cecchi, C.; Charles, E.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L.R.; Conrad, J.; D'Ammando, F.; de Angelis, A.; de Palma, F.; Dermer, C.D.; Desiante, R.; Digel, S.W.; Di Venere, L.; Drell, P.S.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Godfrey, G.; Granot, J.; Grenier, I.A.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Harding, A.K.; Hayashida, M.; Iyyani, S.; Jogler, T.; Jóhannesson, G.; Kawano, T.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Larsson, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M.N.; Lubrano, P.; Mayer, M.; Mazziotta, M.N.; Michelson, P.F.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M.E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Murgia, S.; Nemmen, R.; Nuss, E.; Nymark, T.; Ohno, M.; Ohsugi, T.; Okumura, A.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Paneque, D.; Perkins, J.S.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Porter, T.A.; Racusin, J.L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Ritz, S.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sartori, A.; Scargle, J.D.; Schulz, A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E.J.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Suson, D.J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Thayer, J.G.; Thayer, J.B.; Tibaldo, L.; Tinivella, M.; Torres, D.F.; Tosti, G.; Troja, E.; Usher, T.L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Vianello, G.; Vitale, V.; Werner, M.; Winer, B.L.; Wood, K.S.; Zhu, S. (2014)
      Gamma-ray burst (GRB) 130427A is one of the most energetic GRBs ever observed. The initial pulse up to 2.5 seconds is possibly the brightest well-isolated pulse observed to date. A fine time resolution spectral analysis ...
    • Fixed target matrix for femtosecond time-resolved andᅠin situᅠserial micro-crystallography 

      Mueller, C.; Marx, A.; Epp, S.W.; Zhong, Y.; Kuo, A.; Balo, A.R.; Soman, J.; Schotte, F.; Lemke, H.T.; Owen, R.L.; Pai, E.F.; Pearson, A.R.; Olson, J.S.; Anfinrud, P.A.; Ernst, O.P.; Miller, R.J. Dwayne (2015)
      We present a crystallography chip enablingᅠin situᅠroom temperature crystallography at microfocus synchrotron beamlines andᅠX-rayᅠfree-electron laser (X-FEL) sources. Compared to otherᅠin situapproaches, we observe extremely ...
    • Flexibility and Disorder in Gene Regulation: LacI/GalR and Hox Proteins 

      Bondos, Sarah E.; Swint-Kruse, Liskin; Matthews, Kathleen S. (2015)
      To modulate transcription, a variety of input signals must be sensed by genetic regulatory proteins. In these proteins, flexibility and disorder are emerging as common themes. Prokaryotic regulators generally have short, ...
    • Fluctuating mobility generation and transport in glasses 

      Wisitsorasak, Apiwat; Wolynes, Peter G. (2013)
      In the context of the random first order transition theory we use an extended mode coupling theory of the glass transition that includes activated events to account for spatiotemporal structures in rejuvenating glasses. ...
    • Fluctuations of charge separation perpendicular to the event plane and local parity violation in √sNN=200 GeV Au + Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2013)
      Previous experimental results based on data (∼15×106 events) collected by the STAR detector at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider suggest event-by-event charge-separation fluctuations perpendicular to the event plane ...
    • Fluid Electric Force Microscopy for Charge Density Mapping in Biological Systems 

      Johnson, Amber S.; Nehl, Colleen L.; Mason, Monica G.; Hafner, Jason H. (2003-10-06)
    • Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy Study of Protein Transport and Dynamic Interactions with Clustered-Charge Peptide Adsorbents 

      Daniels, Charlisa R.; Kisley, Lydia; Kim, Hannah; Chen, Wen-Hsiang; Poongavanam, Mohan- Vivekanandan; Reznik, Carmen; Kourentzi, Katerina; Willson, Richard C.; Landes, Christy F. (2012-08)
      Ion-exchange chromatography (IEX) relies on electrostatic interactions between the adsorbent and the adsorbate, and is used extensively in protein purification. Conventional IEX utilizes ligands that are singly charged and ...
    • Flux of carbonate melt from deeply subducted pelitic sediments: Geophysical and geochemical implications for the source of Central American volcanic arc 

      Tsuno, Kyusei; Dasgupta, Rajdeep; Danielson, Lisa; Righter, Kevin (2012-08-24)
      [1] We determined the fluid-present and fluid-absent near-solidus melting of an Al-poor carbonated pelite at 3–7 GPa, to constrain the possible influence of sediment melt in subduction zones. Hydrous silicate melt is ...
    • Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains 

      Strecker, Kevin E.; Partridge, Guthrie B.; Truscott, Andrew G.; Hulet, Randall G. (2002)
      Attraction between the atoms of a Bose-Einstein condensate renders it unstable to collapse, although a condensate with a limited number of atoms [1] can be stabilized [2] by confinement in an atom trap. However, beyond ...
    • Forward energy flow, central charged-particle multiplicities, and pseudorapidity gaps in W and Z boson events from pp collisions at √s=7 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      A study of forward energy flow and central charged-particle multiplicity in events with W and Z bosons decaying into leptons is presented. The analysis uses a sample of 7 TeV pp collisions, corresponding to an integrated ...
    • Forward–backward asymmetry of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s=7 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      A measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry (AFB) of Drell–Yan lepton pairs in pp collisions at √s=7 TeV is presented. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5 fb−1. ...
    • Free energy landscape for the binding process of Huperzine A to acetylcholinesterase 

      Bai, Fang; Xu, Yechun; Chen, Jing; Liu, Qiufeng; Gu, Junfeng; Wang, Xicheng; Ma, Jianpeng; Li, Honglin; Onuchic, José N.; Jiang, Hualiang (2012)
      Drug-target residence time (t = 1/koff, where koff is the dissociation rate constant) has become an important index in discovering betteror best-in-class drugs. However, little effort has been dedicated to developing ...
    • Freeze-out dynamics via charged kaon femtoscopy in √sNN=200 GeV central Au + Au collisions 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2013)
      We present measurements of three-dimensional correlation functions of like-sign, low-transverse-momentum kaon pairs from √sNN=200 GeV Au+Au collisions. A Cartesian surface-spherical harmonic decomposition technique was ...
    • From START to FINISH: The Influence of Osmotic Stress on the Cell Cycle 

      Radmaneshfar, Elahe; Kaloriti, Despoina; Gustin, Michael C.; Gow, Neil A.R.; Brown, Alistair J.P.; Grebogi, Celso; Romano, M. Carmen; Thiel, Marco (2013)
      The cell cycle is a sequence of biochemical events that are controlled by complex but robust molecular machinery. This enables cells to achieve accurate self-reproduction under a broad range of different conditions. ...
    • From tunable core-shell nanoparticles to plasmonic drawbridges: Active control of nanoparticle optical properties 

      Byers, Chad P.; Zhang, Hui; Swearer, Dayne F.; Yorulmaz, Mustafa; Hoener, Benjamin S.; Huang, Da; Hoggard, Anneli; Chang, Wei-Shun; Mulvaney, Paul; Ringe, Emilie; Halas, Naomi J.; Nordlander, Peter; Link, Stephan; Landes, Christy F. (2015)
      The optical properties of metallic nanoparticles are highly sensitive to interparticle distance, giving rise to dramatic but frequently irreversible color changes. By electrochemical modification of individual nanoparticles ...
    • Frustration in biomolecules 

      Ferreiro, Diego U.; Komives, Elizabeth A.; Wolynes, Peter G. (2014)
      Biomolecules are the prime information processing elements of living matter. Most of these inanimate systems are polymers that compute their own structures and dynamics using as input seemingly random character strings of ...
    • Functional Evolution of Ribonuclease Inhibitor: Insights from Birds and Reptiles 

      Lomax, Jo E.; Bianchetti, Christopher M.; Chang, Aram; Phillips, George N. Jr.; Fox, Brian G.; Raines, Ronald T. (2014)
      Ribonuclease inhibitor (RI) is a conserved protein of the mammalian cytosol. RI binds with high affinity to diverse secretory ribonucleases (RNases) and inhibits their enzymatic activity. Although secretory RNases are found ...
    • Fundamental optical processes in armchair carbon nanotubes 

      Haroz, Erik H.; Duque, Juan G.; Tu, Xiaomin; Zheng, Ming; Walker, Angela R. Hight; Hauge, Robert H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Kono, Junichiro (2013)
      Single-wall carbon nanotubes provide ideal model one-dimensional (1-D) condensed matter systems in which to address fundamental questions in many-body physics, while, at the same time, they are leading candidates for ...
    • Fungal Symbionts as Manipulators of Plant Reproductive Biology 

      Gorischek, Alexander M.; Afkhami, Michelle E.; Seifert, Elizabeth K.; Rudgers, Jennifer A. (2013-04)
      Symbioses have shaped the evolution of life, most notably through the fixation of heritable symbionts into organelles. The inheritance of symbionts promotes mutualism and fixation by coupling partner fitness. However, ...
    • Funneling and frustration in the energy landscapes of some designed and simplified proteins 

      Truong, Ha H.; Kim, Bobby L.; Schafer, Nicholas P.; Wolynes, Peter G. (2013)
      We explore the similarities and differences between the energy landscapes of proteins that have been selected by nature and those of some proteins designed by humans. Natural proteins have evolved to function as well as ...
    • A gain-of-function mutation in IAA16 confers reduced responses to auxin and abscisic acid and impedes plant growth and fertility 

      Rinaldi, Mauro A.; Liu, James; Enders, Tara A.; Bartel, Bonnie; Strader, Lucia C. (2012)
      Auxin regulates many aspects of plant development, in part, through degradation of the Aux/IAA family of transcriptional repressors. Consequently, stabilizing mutations in several Aux/IAA proteins confer reduced auxin ...
    • Genetic and Chemical Activation of TFEB Mediates Clearance of Aggregated α-Synuclein 

      Kilpatrick, Kiri; Zeng, Yimeng; Hancock, Tommy; Segatori, Laura (2015)
      Aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is associated with the development of a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s disease (PD). The formation of α-syn aggregates results from aberrant accumulation of ...
    • Genetic variation in anti-herbivore chemical defences in an invasive plant 

      Wang, Yi; Siemann, Evan; Wheeler, Gregory S.; Zhu, Lin; Gu, Xue; Ding, Jianqing (2012)
    • The Genome of the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi and Its Implications for Cell Type Evolution 

      Ryan, Joseph F.; Pang, Kevin; Schnitzler, Christine E.; Nguyen, Anh-Dao; Moreland, R. Travis; Simmons, David K.; Koch, Bernard J.; Francis, Warren R.; Havlak, Paul; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program; Smith, Stephen A.; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Haddock, Steven H.D.; Dunn, Casey W.; Wolfsberg, Tyra G.; Mullikin, James C.; Martindale, Mark Q.; Baxevanis, Andreas D. (2013)
      An understanding of ctenophore biology is critical for reconstructing events that occurred early in animal evolution. Toward this goal, we have sequenced, assembled, and annotated the genome of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis ...
    • Genome-wide identification and functional analyses of calmodulin genes inᅠ Solanaceous ᅠspecies 

      Zhao, Yuan; Liu, Wei; Xu, You-Ping; Cao, Jia-Yi; Braam, Janet; Cai, Xin-Zhong (2013)
      Background: Calmodulin (CaM) is a major calcium sensor in all eukaryotes. It binds calcium and modulates the activity of a wide range of downstream proteins in response to calcium signals. However, little is known about ...
    • Genomics-aided structure prediction 

      Sulkowska, Joanna I.; Morcos, Faruck; Weigt, Martin; Hwa, Terence; Onuchic, José N. (2012)
      We introduce a theoretical framework that exploits the everincreasing genomic sequence information for protein structure prediction. Structure-based models are modified to incorporate constraints by a large number of ...
    • Geographic and population variation in pollinating seed-consuming interactions between senita cacti (Lophocereus schottii) and senita moths (Upiga virescens) 

      Fleming, Theodore H.; Holland, J. Nathaniel (1999)
      Interspecific interactions can vary within and among populations and geographic locations. This variation can subsequently influence the evolution and coevolution of species interactions. We investigated population and ...
    • Geometrical confinement of Gd(DOTA) molecules within mesoporous silicon nanoconstructs for MR imaging of cancer 

      Gizzatov, Ayrat; Stigliano, Cinzia; Ananta, Jeyerama S.; Sethi, Richa; Xu, Rong; Guven, Adem; Ramirez, Maricela; Shen, Haifa; Sood, Anil; Ferrari, Mauro; Wilson, Lon J.; Liu, Xuewu; Decuzzi, Paolo (2014)
      Porous silicon has been used for the delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents in several biomedical applications. Here, mesoporous silicon nanoconstructs (SiMPs) with a discoidal shape and a sub-micrometer size (1,000 × ...
    • Geometrical Frustration in Interleukin-33 Decouples the Dynamics of the Functional Element from the Folding Transition State Ensemble 

      Fisher, Kaitlin M.; Haglund, Ellinor; Noel, Jeffrey K.; Hailey, Kendra L.; Onuchic, José N.; Jennings, Patricia A. (2015)
      Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is currently the focus of multiple investigations into targeting pernicious inflammatory disorders. This mediator of inflammation plays a prevalent role in chronic disorders such as asthma, rheumatoid ...
    • Germanium/silicon of the Ediacaran-Cambrian Laobao cherts: Implications for the bedded chert formation and paleoenvironment interpretations 

      Dong, Lin; Shen, Bing; Lee, Cin-Ty A.; Shu, Xu-jie; Peng, Yang; Sun, Yuanlin; Tang, Zhuanhong; Rong, Hong; Lang, Xianguo; Ma, Haoran; Yang, Fan; Guo, Wen (2015)
      Sedimentary strata of the terminal Ediacaran (635–542 Ma) to early Cambrian (542–488 Ma) Laobao-Liuchapo bedded cherts in the South China Block include the Ediacaran Oxidation Event and the Cambrian explosion. Understanding ...
    • Ghosts of Habitats Past: Environmental Carry-Over Effects Drive Population Dynamics in Novel Habitat 

      Van Allen, Benjamin G.; Rudolf, Volker H.W. (2013-05)
      The phenotype of adults can be strongly influenced by the environmental conditions experienced during development. Consequently, variation in habitat quality across space and through time also leads to differences in the ...
    • Giant tunable Faraday effect in a semiconductor magneto-plasma for broadband terahertz polarization optics 

      Arikawa, Takashi; Wang, Xiangfeng; Belyanin, Alexey A.; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
      We report on a giant Faraday effect in an electron plasma in n- InSb probed via polarization-resolved terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy. Polarization rotation angles and ellipticities reach as large as π/2 and 1, ...
    • Glacially generated overpressure on the New England continental shelf: Integration of full-waveform inversion and overpressure modeling 

      Siegel, Jacob; Lizarralde, Daniel; Dugan, Brandon; Person, Mark (2014)
      Localized zones of high-amplitude, discontinuous seismic reflections 100 km off the coast of Massachusetts, USA, have P wave velocities up to 190 m/s lower than those of adjacent sediments of equal depth (250m below the ...
    • GRB110721A: An Extreme Peak Energy and Signatures of the Photosphere 

      Baring, M.G.; Axelsson, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J.; Brigida, M.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cameron, R.A.; Caraveo, P.A.; Cecchi, C.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Claus, R.; Conrad, J.; Cutini, S.; D'Ammando, F.; de Palma, F.; Dermer, C.D.; do Couto e Silva, E.; Drell, P.S.; Favuzzi, C.; Fegan, S.J.; Ferrara, E.C.; Focke, W.B.; Fukazawa, Y.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Gehrels, N.; Germani, S.; Giglietto, N.; Giroletti, M.; Godfrey, G.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Hayashida, M.; Hou, X.; Iyyani, S.; Jackson, M.S.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Larsson, J.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lundman, C.; Mazziotta, M.N.; McEnery, J.E.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M.E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Murgia, S.; Nuss, E.; Nymark, T.; Ohno, M.; Omodei, N.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Racusin, J.L.; Rainò, S.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Roth, M.; Ryde, F.; Sanchez, D.A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E.J.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Stamatikos, M.; Tibaldo, L.; Tinivella, M.; Usher, T.L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Vianello, G.; Vitale, V.; Waite, A.P.; Winer, B.L.; Wood, K.S.; Burgess, J.M.; Bhat, P.N.; Bissaldi, E.; Briggs, M.S.; Connaughton, V.; Fishman, G.; Fitzpatrick, G.; Foley, S.; Gruber, D.; Kippen, R.M.; Kouveliotou, C.; Jenke, P.; McBreen, S.; McGlynn, S.; Meegan, C.; Paciesas, W.S.; Pelassa, V.; Preece, R.; Tierney, D.; von Kienlin, A.; Wilson-Hodge, C.; Xiong, S.; Pe'er, A.; Pe'er, A. (2012)
      GRB110721A was observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope using its two instruments, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). The burst consisted of one major emission episode which lasted ...
    • Grb2 monomer–dimer equilibrium determines normal versus oncogenic function 

      Ahmed, Zamal; Timsah, Zahra; Suen, Kin M.; Cook, Nathan P.; Lee, Gilbert R. IV; Lin, Chi-Chuan; Gagea, Mihai; Marti, Angel A.; Ladbury, John E. (2015)
      The adaptor protein growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2) is ubiquitously expressed in eukaryotic cells and involved in a multitude of intracellular protein interactions. Grb2 plays a pivotal role in tyrosine ...
    • Ground-based magnetometer determination of in situ Pc4–5 ULF electric field wave spectra as a function of solar wind speed 

      Rae, I. Jonathan; Mann, Ian R.; Murphy, Kyle R.; Ozeke, Louis G.; Milling, David K.; Chan, Anthony A.; Elkington, Scot R.; Honary, Farideh (2012)
      We present a statistical characterization of ground-based ultra-low-frequency ( 1–15 mHz) magnetic wave power spectral densities (PSDs) as a function of latitude (corresponding to dipole L-shells from L 2.5–8), local ...
    • Growth and Collapse of a Bose-Einstein Condensate with Attractive Interactions 

      Sackett, C.A.; Stoof, H.T.C.; Hulet, R.G. (1998)
      We consider the dynamics of a quantum degenerate trapped gas of 7Li atoms. Because the atoms have a negative s-wave scattering length, a Bose condensate of 7Li becomes mechanically unstable when the number of condensate ...
    • Habitat use and resource tracking by African Ceratogymna hornbills: implications for seed dispersal and forest conservation 

      Smith, Thomas B.; Whitney, Kenneth D. (1998)
      Conservation of tropical forests requires an understanding of the seasonal patterns of abundance and distribution of important seed dispersers. In the forests of Central Africa, three species of hornbills in the genus ...
    • Handle Addition for Doubly-Periodic Scherk Surfaces 

      Weber, Matthias; Wolf, Michael (2012)
      We prove the existence of a family of embedded doubly periodic minimal surfaces of (quotient) genus g with orthogonal ends that generalizes the classical doubly periodic surface of Scherk and the genus-one Scherk surface ...
    • Heavy-fermion quantum criticality and destruction of the Kondo effect in a nickelᅠoxypnictide 

      Luo, Yongkang; Pourovskii, Leonid; Rowley, S.E.; Li, Yuke; Feng, Chunmu; Georges, Antoine; Dai, Jianhui; Cao, Guanghan; Xu, Zhuメan; Si, Qimiao; Ong, N.P. (2014)
      A quantum critical point arises at a continuous transformation between distinct phases of matter at zero temperature. Studies in antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion materials have revealed that quantum criticality has several ...
    • Hemichordate genomes and deuterostome origins 

      Simakov, Oleg; Kawashima, Takeshi; Marlétaz, Ferdinand; Jenkins, Kenneth W.; Levine, Judith; Gonzalez, Paul; Cameron, Christopher; Fritzenwanker, Jens H.; Pani, Ariel M.; Goto, Hiroki; Kanda, Miyuki; Arakaki, Nana; Yamasaki, Shinichi; Richards, Stephen; M (2015)
      Acorn worms, also known as enteropneust (literally, ‘gut-breathing’) hemichordates, are marine invertebrates that share features with echinoderms and chordates. Together, these three phyla comprise the deuterostomes. Here ...
    • Herbivore-induced changes in plant carbon allocation: Assessment of below-ground C fluxes using carbon-14 

      Crossley, D.A. Jr; Cheng, Weixin; Holland, J. Nathaniel (1996-03)
      Effects of above-ground herbivory on shortterm plant carbon allocation were studied using maize (Zea mays) and a generalist lubber grasshopper (Romalea guttata). We hypothesized that above-ground herbivory stimulates ...
    • Hierarchy in gene expression is predictive of risk, progression, and outcome in adult acute myeloid leukemia 

      Tripathi, Shubham; Deem, Michael W. (2015)
      Cancer progresses with a change in the structure of the gene network in normal cells. We define a measure of organizational hierarchy in gene networks of affected cells in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. With ...