Now showing items 252-311 of 1635

    • Daptomycin Resistance in Enterococci Is Associated with Distinct Alterations of Cell Membrane Phospholipid Content 

      Mishra, Nagendra N.; Bayer, Arnold S.; Tran, Truc T.; Shamoo, Yousif; Mileykovskaya, Eugenia; Dowhan, William; Guan, Ziqiang; Arias, Cesar A. (2012)
      Background: The lipopeptide antibiotic, daptomycin (DAP) interacts with the bacterial cell membrane (CM). Development of DAP resistance during therapy in a clinical strain of Enterococcus faecalis was associated with ...
    • Daptomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis Diverts the Antibiotic Molecule from the Division Septum and Remodels Cell Membrane Phospholipids 

      Tran, Truc T.; Panesso, Diana; Mishra, Nagendra N.; Mileykovskaya, Eugenia; Guan, Ziqianq; Munita, Jose M.; Reyes, Jinnethe; Diaz, Lorena; Weinstock, George M.; Murray, Barbara E.; Shamoo, Yousif; Dowhan, William; Bayer, Arnold S.; Arias, Cesar A. (2013)
      Treatment of multidrug-resistant enterococci has become a challenging clinical problem in hospitals around the world due to the lack of reliable therapeutic options. Daptomycin (DAP), a cell membrane-targeting cationic ...
    • Dark Matter Results from 225 Live Days of XENON100 Data 

      The XENON100 collaboration; Shagin, P. (2012-11)
      We report on a search for particle dark matter with the XENON100 experiment, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso for 13 months during 2011 and 2012. XENON100 features an ultralow electromagnetic background ...
    • Data publication with the structural biology data grid supports live analysis 

      Meyer, Peter A.; Socias, Stephanie; Key, Jason; Ransey, Elizabeth; Tjon, Emily C.; Buschiazzo, Alejandro; Lei, Ming; Botka, Chris; Withrow, James; Neau, David; Rajashankar, Kanagalaghatta; Anderson, Karen S.; Baxter, Richard H.; Blacklow, Stephen C.; Boggon, Titus J.; Bonvin, Alexandre M.J.J.; Borek, Dominika; Brett, Tom J.; Caflisch, Amedeo; Chang, Chung-I; Chazin, Walter J.; Corbett, Kevin D.; Cosgrove, Michael S.; Crosson, Sean; Dhe-Paganon, Sirano; Di Cera, Enrico; Drennan, Catherine L.; Eck, Michael J.; Eichman, Brandt F.; Fan, Qing R.; Ferré-D'Amaré, Adrian R.; Fromme, J. Christopher; Garcia, K. Christopher; Gaudet, Rachelle; Gong, Peng; Harrison, Stephen C.; Heldwein, Ekaterina E.; Jia, Zongchao; Keenan, Robert J.; Kruse, Andrew C.; Kvansakul, Marc; McLellan, Jason S.; Modis, Yorgo; Nam, Yunsun; Otwinowski, Zbyszek; Pai, Emil F.; Pereira, Pedro José Barbosa; Petosa, Carlo; Raman, C.S.; Rapoport, Tom A.; Roll-Mecak, Antonina; Rosen, Michael K.; Rudenko, Gabby; Schlessinger, Joseph; Schwartz, Thomas U.; Shamoo, Yousif; Sondermann, Holger; Tao, Yizhi J.; Tolia, Niraj H.; Tsodikov, Oleg V.; Westover, Kenneth D.; Wu, Hao; Foster, Ian; Fraser, James S.; Maia, Filipe R.N.C.; Gonen, Tamir; Kirchhausen, Tom; Diederichs, Kay; Crosas, Mercè; Sliz, Piotr (2016)
      Access to experimental X-ray diffraction image data is fundamental for validation and reproduction of macromolecular models and indispensable for development of structural biology processing methods. Here, we established ...
    • Decomposition of Phragmites australis litter retarded by invasive Solidago canadensis in mixtures: an antagonistic non-additive effect 

      Zhang, Ling; Zhang, Yaojun; Zou, Jianwen; Siemann, Evan (2014)
      Solidago canadensis is an aggressive invader in China. Solidago invasion success is partially attributed to allelopathic compounds release and more benefits fromAMfungi, which potentially makes the properties of Solidago ...
    • Deficiency in Perlecan/HSPG2 During Bone Development Enhances Osteogenesis and Decreases Quality of Adult Bone in Mice 

      Lowe, Dylan A.; Lepori-Bui, Nadia; Fomin, Peter V.; Sloofman, Laura G.; Zhou, Xiaozhou; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Wang, Liyun; Kirn-Safran, Catherine B. (2014)
      Perlecan/HSPG2 (Pln) is a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan abundant in the extracellular matrix of cartilage and the lacunocanalicular space of adult bones. Although Pln function during cartilage development is critical, ...
    • Defining and resolving current systems in geospace 

      Ganushkina, N.Y.; Liemohn, M.W.; Dubyagin, S.; Daglis, I.A.; Dandouras, I.; De Zeeuw, D.L.; Ebihara, Y.; Ilie, R.; Katus, R.; Kubyshkina, M.; Milan, S.E.; Ohtani, S.; Ostgaard, N.; Reistad, J.P.; Tenfjord, P.; Toffoletto, F.; Zaharia, S.; Amariutei, O. (2015)
      Electric currents flowing through near-Earth space (R≤12RE) can support a highly distorted magnetic field topology, changing particle drift paths and therefore having a nonlinear feedback on the currents themselves. A ...
    • Deformation of a Trapped Fermi Gas with Unequal Spin Populations 

      Partridge, G.B.; Li, Wenhui; Liao, Y.A.; Hulet, R.G.; Haque, M.; Stoof, H.T.C. (2006)
      The real-space densities of a polarized strongly interacting two-component Fermi gas of Li6 atoms reveal two low-temperature regimes, both with a fully paired core. At the lowest temperatures, the unpolarized core deforms ...
    • Deformation of Indian Ocean lithosphere: Evidence for a highly nonlinear rheological law 

      Gordon, Richard G.; Houseman, Gregory A. (2015)
      The width of diffuse oceanic plate boundaries is determined by the rheology of oceanic lithosphere. Here we apply thin viscous sheet models, which have been successfully applied to deformation in several continental deforming ...
    • Degenerate Fermi Gas of 87Sr 

      DeSalvo, B.J.; Yan, M.; Mickelson, P.G.; Martinez de Escobar, Y.N.; Killian, T.C. (2010-07-13)
      We report quantum degeneracy in a gas of ultracold fermionic Sr87 atoms. By evaporatively cooling a mixture of spin states in an optical dipole trap for 10.5 s, we obtain samples well into the degenerate regime with ...
    • Deletion of liaR Reverses Daptomycin Resistance in Enterococcus faecium Independent of the Genetic Background 

      Panesso, Diana; Reyes, Jinnethe; Gaston, Elizabeth; Deal, Morgan; Londoño, Alejandra; Nigo, Masayuki; Munita, Jose M.; Miller, William; Shamoo, Yousif; Tran, Truc T.; Arias, Cesar A. (2015)
      We have shown previously that changes in LiaFSR, a three-component regulatory system predicted to orchestrate the cell membrane stress response, are important mediators of daptomycin (DAP) resistance in enterococci. Indeed, ...
    • Delivery of nanoparticles to brain metastases of breast cancer using a cellular Trojan horse 

      Choi, Mi-Ran; Bardhan, Rizia; Stanton-Maxey, Katie J.; Badve, Sunil; Nakshatri, Harikrishna; Stantz, Keith M.; Cao, Ning; Halas, Naomi J.; Clare, Susan E. (2012)
      As systemic cancer therapies improve and are able to control metastatic disease outside the central nervous system, the brain is increasingly the first site of relapse. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) represents a major ...
    • Demonstrating universal scaling for dynamics of Yukawa one-component plasmas after an interaction quench 

      Langin, T.K.; Strickler, T.; Maksimovic, N.; McQuillen, P.; Pohl, T.; Vrinceanu, D.; Killian, T.C. (2016)
      The Yukawa one-component plasma (OCP) model is a paradigm for describing plasmas that contain one component of interest and one or more other components that can be treated as a neutralizing, screening background. In ...
    • Density matrix embedding from broken symmetry lattice mean fields 

      Bulik, Ireneusz W.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Dukelsky, Jorge (2014)
      Several variants of the recently proposed density matrix embedding theory (DMET) [G. Knizia and G. K-L. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 186404 (2012)] are formulated and tested. We show that spin symmetry breaking of the lattice ...
    • The Density of States Measure of the Weakly Coupled Fibonacci Hamiltonian 

      Damanik, David; Gorodetski, Anton (2012)
      We consider the density of states measure of the Fibonacci Hamiltonian and show that, for small values of the coupling constant V , this measure is exact-dimensional and the almost everywhere value dV of the local ...
    • Dependence of EMIC wave parameters during quiet, geomagnetic storm, and geomagnetic storm phase times 

      Halford, A.J.; Fraser, B.J.; Morley, S.K.; Elkington, S.R.; Chan, A.A. (2016)
      As electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves may play an important role in radiation belt dynamics, there has been a push to better include them into global simulations. How to best include EMIC wave effects is still an ...
    • Dephasing of G-band phonons in single-wall carbon nanotubes probed via impulsive stimulated Raman scattering 

      Kim, J.-H.; Yee, K.-J.; Lim, Y.-S.; Booshehri, L.G.; Haroz, E.H.; Kono, J. (2012)
      We study the coherent dynamics of G-band phonons in single-wall carbon nanotubes through impulsive stimulated Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman scattering. The probe energy dependence of the phonon amplitude as well as the ...
    • Depinning transition of bubble phases in a high Landau level 

      Wang, Xuebin; Fu, Hailong; Du, Lingjie; Liu, Xiaoxue; Wang, Pengjie; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W.; Du, Rui-Rui; Lin, Xi (2015)
      In the higher Landau levels (N>0) a reentrant integer quantum Hall effect (RIQHE) state, which resides at fractional filling factors but exhibits integer Hall plateaus, has been previously observed and studied extensively. ...
    • Description and performance of track and primary-vertex reconstruction with the CMS tracker 

      Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
      A description is provided of the software algorithms developed for the CMS tracker both for reconstructing charged-particle trajectories in proton-proton interactions and for using the resulting tracks to estimate the ...
    • Destabilization of Surfactant-Dispersed Carbon Nanotubes by Anions 

      Hirano, Atsushi; Gao, Weilu; He, Xiaowei; Kono, Junichiro (2017)
      The colloidal stability of surfactant-dispersed single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is determined by microscopic physicochemical processes, such as association, partitioning, and adsorption propensities. These processes ...
    • Detecting antiferromagnetism of atoms in an optical lattice via optical Bragg scattering 

      Corcovilos, T.A.; Baur, S.K.; Hitchcock, J.M.; Mueller, E.J.; Hulet, R.G. (2010)
      Antiferromagnetism of ultracold fermions in an optical lattice can be detected by Bragg diffraction of light, in analogy to the diffraction of neutrons from solid-state materials. A finite sublattice magnetization will ...
    • Detecting the Biopolymer Behavior of Graphene Nanoribbons in Aqueous Solution 

      Wijeratne, Sithara S.; Penev, Evgeni S.; Lu, Wei; Li, Jingqiang; Duque, Amanda L.; Yakobson, Boris I.; Tour, James M.; Kiang, Ching-Hwa (2016)
      Graphene nanoribbons (GNR), can be prepared in bulk quantities for large-area applications by reducing the product from the lengthwise oxidative unzipping of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). Recently, the biomaterials ...
    • Detecting π-phase superfluids with p-wave symmetry in a quasi-one-dimensional optical lattice 

      Liu, Bo; Li, Xiaopeng; Hulet, Randall G.; Liu, W. Vincent (2016)
      We propose an experimental protocol to study p-wave superfluidity in a spin-polarized cold Fermi gas tuned by an s-wave Feshbach resonance. A crucial ingredient is to add a quasi-one-dimensional optical lattice and tune ...
    • DETECTION OF SPECTRAL EVOLUTION IN THE BURSTS EMITTED DURING THE 2008–2009 ACTIVE EPISODE OF SGR J1550−5418 

      Von Kienlin, Andreas; Gruber, David; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Granot, Jonathan; Baring, Matthew G.; Gogus, Ersin; Huppenkothen, Daniela; Kaneko, Yuki; Lin, Lin; Watts, Anna L.; Bhat, Narayana P.; Guiriec, Sylvain; Van Der Horst, Alexander J.; Bissaldi, Elisabetta; Greiner, Jochen; Meegan, Charles A.; Paciesas, William S.; Preece, Robert D.; Rau, Arne (2012)
      In early 2008 October, the soft gamma repeater SGR J1550−5418 (1E 1547.0−5408, AX J155052−5418, PSR J1550−5418) became active, emitting a series of bursts which triggered the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) after ...
    • Determination of Ligand Pathways in Globins: Apolar Tunnels Versus Polar Gates 

      Salter, Mallory D.; Blouin, George C.; Soman, Jayashree; Singleton, Eileen W.; Dewilde, Sylvia; Moens, Luc; Pesce, Alessandra; Nardini, Marco; Bolognesi, Martino; Olson, John S. (2012)
      Background: O2 pathways in animal hemoglobins and myoglobins are controversial. Results: Ligands enter and exit sperm whale Mb and Cerebratulus lacteus Hb by completely different pathways. Conclusion: Rational mutagenesis ...
    • Determination of the top-quark pole mass and strong coupling constant from the tt production cross section in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV 

      Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
      The inclusive cross section for top-quark pair production measured by the CMS experiment in proton–proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is compared to the QCD prediction at next-to-next-to-leading order ...
    • Development of an interpretive simulation tool for the proton radiography technique 

      Levy, M.C.; Ryutov, D.D.; Wilks, S.C.; Ross, J.S.; Huntington, C.M.; Fiuza, F.; Martinez, D.A.; Kugland, N.L.; Baring, M.G.; Park, H.-S. (2015)
      Proton radiography is a useful diagnostic of high energy density (HED) plasmas under active theoretical and experimental development. In this paper, we describe a new simulation tool that interacts realistic laser-driven ...
    • Development of modularity in the neural activity of childrenʼs brains 

      Chen, Man; Deem, Michael W. (2015)
      We study how modularity of the human brain changes as children develop into adults. Theory suggests that modularity can enhance the response function of a networked system subject to changing external stimuli. Thus, greater ...
    • Development of morphogen gradient: The role of dimension and discreteness 

      Teimouri, Hamid; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2014)
      The fundamental processes of biological development are governed by multiple signaling molecules that create non-uniform concentration profiles known as morphogen gradients. It is widely believed that the establishment of ...
    • Development of Morphogen Gradients with Spatially Varying Degradation Rates 

      Teimouri, Hamid; Bozorgui, Behnaz; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2016)
      Successful biological development via spatial and temporal regulations of cell differentiation relies on the action of multiple signaling molecules that are known as morphogens. It is now well established that biological ...
    • Di-electron spectrum at mid-rapidity in p + p collisions at √ s = 200 GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, J.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Yepes, P. (2012)
      We report on the mid-rapidity mass spectrum of di-electrons and cross sections of pseudoscalar and vector mesons via e + e − decays, from √ s = 200 GeV p + p collisions, measured by the large-acceptance experiment STAR at ...
    • Diagnosing the Time Dependence of Active Region Core Heating from the Emission Measure. II. Nanoflare Trains 

      Reep, J.W.; Bradshaw, S.J.; Klimchuk, J.A. (2013)
      The time dependence of heating in solar active regions can be studied by analyzing the slope of the emission measure distribution coolward of the peak. In a previous study we showed that low-frequency heating can account for ...
    • DIAGNOSING THE TIME-DEPENDENCE OF ACTIVE REGION CORE HEATING FROM THE EMISSION MEASURE. I. LOW-FREQUENCY NANOFLARES 

      Bradshaw, S.J.; Klimchuk, J.A.; Reep, J.W. (2012)
      Observational measurements of active region emission measures contain clues to the time dependence of the underlying heating mechanism. A strongly nonlinear scaling of the emission measure with temperature indicates a large ...
    • Diatoms at >5000 Meters in the Quelccaya Summit Dome Glacier, Peru 

      Fritz, Sherilyn C.; Brinson, Bruce E.; Billups, W.E.; Thompson, Lonnie G. (2015)
      Diatoms were found in late Holocene age ice-core samples recovered from the Quelccaya Summit Dome in the tropical Andes of Peru and were imaged by environmental scanning electron microscopy and identified. Freshwater diatoms ...
    • Dichotomous noise models of gene switches 

      Potoyan, Davit A.; Wolynes, Peter G. (2015)
      Molecular noise in gene regulatory networks has two intrinsic components, one part being due to fluctuations caused by the birth and death of protein or mRNA molecules which are often present in small numbers and the other ...
    • Dichotomy for arithmetic progressions in subsets of reals 

      Boshernitzan,ᅠMichael; Chaika, Jon (2016)
      Let H stand for the set of homeomorphisms φ:[0, 1] → [0, 1]. We prove the following dichotomy for Borel subsets A ⊂ [0, 1]: • either there exists a homeomorphism φ ∈ Hsuch that the image φ(A) contains no 3-term arithmetic ...
    • Dielectron azimuthal anisotropy at mid-rapidity in Au + Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2014)
      We report on the first measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy (v2) of dielectrons (e+e− pairs) at mid-rapidity from √sNN=200 GeV Au + Au collisions with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), ...
    • Dielectron Mass Spectra from Au+Au Collisions at √sNN=200  GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2014)
      We report the STAR measurements of dielectron (e+e−) production at midrapidity (|yee|<1) in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200  GeV. The measurements are evaluated in different invariant mass regions with a focus on 0.30–0.76 ...
    • Differences in transcription between free-living and CO2-activated third-stage larvae ofᅠHaemonchus contortus 

      Cantacessi, Cinzia; Campbell, Bronwyn E.; Young, Neil D.; Jex, Aaron R.; Hall, Ross S.; Presidente, Paul J.A.; Zawadzki, Jodi L.; Zhong, Weiwei; Aleman-Meza, Boanerges; Loukas, Alex; Sternberg, Paul W.; Gasser, Robin B. (2010)
      Background: The disease caused by Haemonchus contortus, a blood-feeding nematode of small ruminants, is of major economic importance worldwide. The infective third-stage larva (L3) of this gastric nematode is enclosed in ...
    • Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton–proton collisions at √s=7 eV 

      Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2015)
      Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse ...
    • Differential Function of Lip Residues in the Mechanism and Biology of an Anthrax Hemophore 

      Ekworomadu, MarCia T.; Poor, Catherine B.; Owens, Cedric P.; Balderas, Miriam A.; Fabian, Marian; Olson, John S.; Murphy, Frank; Balkabasi, Erol; Honsa, Erin S.; He, Chuan; Goulding, Celia W.; Maresso, Anthony W. (2012)
      To replicate in mammalian hosts, bacterial pathogens must acquire iron. The majority of iron is coordinated to the protoporphyrin ring of heme, which is further bound to hemoglobin. Pathogenic bacteria utilize secreted ...
    • Dipolar relaxation collisions in magnetically trapped 7Li 

      Gerton, J.M.; Sackett, C.A.; Frew, B.J.; Hulet, R.G. (1999)
      We report the measurement of the rate constant for dipolar relaxation from the (F=2, mF=2) hyperfine state of 7Li. The atoms are confined in a permanent magnet trap at a field of 103 G. The measured value of (1.05±0.10)× ...
    • Direct and Stereospecific Synthesis of N-H and N-Alkyl Aziridines from Unactivated Olefins Using Hydroxylamine-O-Sulfonic Acids 

      Ma, Zhiwei; Zhou, Zhe; Kürti, László (2017)
      A RhII-catalyzed direct and stereospecific N-H- and N-alkyl aziridination of olefins is reported that uses hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acids as inexpensive, readily available, and nitro group-free aminating reagents. Unactivated ...
    • Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions 

      Gerton, Jordan M.; Strekalov, Dmitry; Prodan, Ionut; Hulet, Randall G. (2000)
      Quantum theory predicts that Bose-Einstein condensation of a spatially homogeneous gas with attractive interactions is precluded by a conventional phase transition into either a liquid or solid [1]. When confined to a trap, ...
    • Direct observation of magnon-phonon coupling in yttrium iron garnet 

      Man, Haoran; Shi, Zhong; Xu, Guangyong; Xu, Yadong; Chen, Xi; Sullivan, Sean; Zhou, Jianshi; Xia, Ke; Shi, Jing; Dai, Pengcheng (2017)
      The magnetic insulator yttrium iron garnet (YIG) with a ferrimagnetic transition temperature of ∼ 560 K has been widely used in microwave and spintronic devices. Anomalous features in spin Seeback effect (SSE) voltages ...
    • Direct Plasmon-Driven Photoelectrocatalysis 

      Robatjazi, Hossein; Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Doiron, Chloe; Thomann, Isabell (2015)
      Harnessing the energy from hot charge carriers is an emerging research area with the potential to improve energy conversion technologies. Here we present a novel plasmonic photoelectrode architecture carefully designed to ...
    • Directed and elliptic flow of charged particles in Cu + Cu collisions at √sNN=22.4 GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Liu, J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Yepes, P. (2012)
      This paper reports results for directed flow v1 and elliptic flow v2 of charged particles in Cu + Cu collisions at √sNN=22.4 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The measurements are for the 0–60% most central ...
    • Directed Flow of Identified Particles in Au+Au Collisions at √SNN=200  GeV at RHIC 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2012)
      STAR’s measurements of directed flow (v1) around midrapidity for π±, K±, K0S, p, and p¯ in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200  GeV are presented. A negative v1(y) slope is observed for most of produced particles (π±, K±, K0S, ...
    • Directed motion of periodically driven molecular motors: A graph-theoretical approach 

      Akimov, Alexey V.; Mandal, Dibyendu; Chernyak, Vladimir Y.; Sinitsyn, Nikolai A. (2013-01-11)
      We propose a numerical algorithm for calculation of quantized directed motion of a stochastic system of interacting particles induced by periodic changes of control parameters on the graph of microstates. As a main ...
    • Dirhodium-catalyzed C-H arene amination using hydroxylamines 

      Paudyal, Mahesh P.; Adebesin, Adeniyi Michael; Burt, Scott R.; Ess, Daniel H.; Ma, Zhiwei; Kürti, László; Falck, John R. (2016)
      Primary and N-alkyl arylamine motifs are key functional groups in pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and functional materials, as well as in bioactive natural products. However, there is a dearth of generally applicable methods ...
    • Discovery of optimal zeolites for challenging separations and chemical transformations using predictive materials modeling 

      Bai, Peng; Jeon, Mi Yeong; Ren, Limin; Knight, Chris; Deem, Michael W.; Tsapatsis, Michael; Siepmann, J. Ilja (2015)
      Zeolites play numerous important roles in modern petroleum refineries and have the potential to advance the production of fuels and chemical feedstocks from renewable resources. The performance of a zeolite as separation ...
    • Discrete Kinetic Models from Funneled Energy Landscape Simulations 

      Schafer, Nicholas P.; Hoffman, Ryan M.B.; Burger, Anat; Craig, Patricio O.; Komives, Elizabeth A. (2012)
      A general method for facilitating the interpretation of computer simulations of protein folding with minimally frustrated energy landscapes is detailed and applied to a designed ankyrin repeat protein (4ANK). In the method, ...
    • Disrupting Autophagy Restores Peroxisome Function to an Arabidopsis lon2 Mutant and Reveals a Role for the LON2 Protease in Peroxisomal Matrix Protein Degradation 

      Farmer, Lisa M.; Rinaldi, Mauro A.; Young, Pierce G.; Danan, Charles H.; Burkhart, Sarah E.; Bartel, Bonnie (2013)
      Peroxisomes house critical metabolic reactions that are essential for seedling development. As seedlings mature, metabolic requirements change, and peroxisomal contents are remodeled. The resident peroxisomal protease LON2 ...
    • Dissipative transport of a Bose-Einstein condensate 

      Dries, D.; Pollack, S.E.; Hitchcock, J.M.; Hulet, R.G. (2010)
      We investigate the effects of impurities, either correlated disorder or a single Gaussian defect, on the collective dipole motion of a Bose-Einstein condensate of Li7 in an optical trap. We find that this motion is damped ...
    • Distinct Roles for Neuropilin1 and Neuropilin2 during Mouse Corneal Innervation 

      McKenna, Chelsey C.; Munjaal, Ravi P.; Lwigale, Peter Y. (2012)
      Trigeminal sensory innervation of the cornea is critical for protection and synthesis of neuropeptides required for normal vision. Little is known about axon guidance during mammalian corneal innervation. In contrast to ...
    • Distinguishing between plasmon-induced and photoexcited carriers in a device geometry 

      Zheng, Bob Y.; Zhao, Hangqi; Manjavacas, Alejandro; McClain, Michael; Nordlander, Peter (2015)
      The use of surface plasmons, charge density oscillations of conduction electrons of metallic nanostructures, to boost the efficiency of light-harvesting devices through increased light-matter interactions could drastically ...
    • Distinguishing mechanisms underlying EMT tristability 

      Jia, Dongya; Jolly, Mohit K; Tripathi, Satyendra C; Den Hollander, Petra; Huang, Bin; Lu, Mingyang; Celiktas, Muge; Ramirez-Peña, Esmeralda; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Onuchic, José N; Hanash, Samir M; Mani, Sendurai A; Levine, Herbert (2017-11-01)
      Abstract Background The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) endows epithelial-looking cells with enhanced migratory ability during embryonic development and tissue repair. ...
    • Distributed Cooperative Communications in Wireless Networks 

      Khojastepour, Mohammad (2005-01-01)
      The primary challenge in communication over wireless networks, unlike wireline networks, is the existence of interference and channel variations (fading). Having more users at higher data rates means that current ...
    • Disturbance Driven Colony Fragmentation as a Driver of a Coral Disease Outbreak 

      Brandt, Marilyn E.; Smith, Tyler B.; Correa, Adrienne M.S.; Vega-Thurber, Rebecca (2013-02-20)
      In September of 2010, Brewer’s Bay reef, located in St. Thomas (U.S. Virgin Islands), was simultaneously affected by abnormally high temperatures and the passage of a hurricane that resulted in the mass bleaching and ...