Now showing items 272-291 of 1773

    • Data publication with the structural biology data grid supports live analysis 

      Meyer, Peter A.; Socias, Stephanie; Key, Jason; Ransey, Elizabeth; Tjon, Emily C.; Buschiazzo, Alejandro; Lei, Ming; Botka, Chris; Withrow, James; Neau, David; Rajashankar, Kanagalaghatta; Anderson, Karen S.; Baxter, Richard H.; Blacklow, Stephen C.; Boggon, Titus J.; Bonvin, Alexandre M.J.J.; Borek, Dominika; Brett, Tom J.; Caflisch, Amedeo; Chang, Chung-I; Chazin, Walter J.; Corbett, Kevin D.; Cosgrove, Michael S.; Crosson, Sean; Dhe-Paganon, Sirano; Di Cera, Enrico; Drennan, Catherine L.; Eck, Michael J.; Eichman, Brandt F.; Fan, Qing R.; Ferré-D'Amaré, Adrian R.; Fromme, J. Christopher; Garcia, K. Christopher; Gaudet, Rachelle; Gong, Peng; Harrison, Stephen C.; Heldwein, Ekaterina E.; Jia, Zongchao; Keenan, Robert J.; Kruse, Andrew C.; Kvansakul, Marc; McLellan, Jason S.; Modis, Yorgo; Nam, Yunsun; Otwinowski, Zbyszek; Pai, Emil F.; Pereira, Pedro José Barbosa; Petosa, Carlo; Raman, C.S.; Rapoport, Tom A.; Roll-Mecak, Antonina; Rosen, Michael K.; Rudenko, Gabby; Schlessinger, Joseph; Schwartz, Thomas U.; Shamoo, Yousif; Sondermann, Holger; Tao, Yizhi J.; Tolia, Niraj H.; Tsodikov, Oleg V.; Westover, Kenneth D.; Wu, Hao; Foster, Ian; Fraser, James S.; Maia, Filipe R.N.C.; Gonen, Tamir; Kirchhausen, Tom; Diederichs, Kay; Crosas, Mercè; Sliz, Piotr (2016)
      Access to experimental X-ray diffraction image data is fundamental for validation and reproduction of macromolecular models and indispensable for development of structural biology processing methods. Here, we established ...
    • De novo prediction of human chromosome structures: Epigenetic marking patterns encode genome architecture 

      Di Pierro, Michele; Cheng, Ryan R.; Aiden, Erez Lieberman; Wolynes, Peter G.; Onuchic, José N. (2017)
      Inside the cell nucleus, genomes fold into organized structures that are characteristic of cell type. Here, we show that this chromatin architecture can be predicted de novo using epigenetic data derived from chromatin ...
    • Decomposition of Phragmites australis litter retarded by invasive Solidago canadensis in mixtures: an antagonistic non-additive effect 

      Zhang, Ling; Zhang, Yaojun; Zou, Jianwen; Siemann, Evan (2014)
      Solidago canadensis is an aggressive invader in China. Solidago invasion success is partially attributed to allelopathic compounds release and more benefits fromAMfungi, which potentially makes the properties of Solidago ...
    • Deep mantle roots and continental emergence: implications for whole-Earth elemental cycling, long-term climate, and the Cambrian explosion 

      Lee, Cin-Ty A.; Caves, Jeremy; Jiang, Hehe; Cao, Wenrong; Lenardic, Adrian; McKenzie, N. Ryan; Shorttle, Oliver; Yin, Qing-zhu; Dyer, Blake (2018)
      Elevations on Earth are dominantly controlled by crustal buoyancy, primarily through variations in crustal thickness: continents ride higher than ocean basins because they are underlain by thicker crust. Mountain building, ...
    • Deficiency in Perlecan/HSPG2 During Bone Development Enhances Osteogenesis and Decreases Quality of Adult Bone in Mice 

      Lowe, Dylan A.; Lepori-Bui, Nadia; Fomin, Peter V.; Sloofman, Laura G.; Zhou, Xiaozhou; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Wang, Liyun; Kirn-Safran, Catherine B. (2014)
      Perlecan/HSPG2 (Pln) is a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan abundant in the extracellular matrix of cartilage and the lacunocanalicular space of adult bones. Although Pln function during cartilage development is critical, ...
    • Defining and resolving current systems in geospace 

      Ganushkina, N.Y.; Liemohn, M.W.; Dubyagin, S.; Daglis, I.A.; Dandouras, I.; De Zeeuw, D.L.; Ebihara, Y.; Ilie, R.; Katus, R.; Kubyshkina, M.; Milan, S.E.; Ohtani, S.; Ostgaard, N.; Reistad, J.P.; Tenfjord, P.; Toffoletto, F.; Zaharia, S.; Amariutei, O. (2015)
      Electric currents flowing through near-Earth space (R≤12RE) can support a highly distorted magnetic field topology, changing particle drift paths and therefore having a nonlinear feedback on the currents themselves. A ...
    • Deformation of a Trapped Fermi Gas with Unequal Spin Populations 

      Partridge, G.B.; Li, Wenhui; Liao, Y.A.; Hulet, R.G.; Haque, M.; Stoof, H.T.C. (2006)
      The real-space densities of a polarized strongly interacting two-component Fermi gas of Li6 atoms reveal two low-temperature regimes, both with a fully paired core. At the lowest temperatures, the unpolarized core deforms ...
    • Deformation of Indian Ocean lithosphere: Evidence for a highly nonlinear rheological law 

      Gordon, Richard G.; Houseman, Gregory A. (2015)
      The width of diffuse oceanic plate boundaries is determined by the rheology of oceanic lithosphere. Here we apply thin viscous sheet models, which have been successfully applied to deformation in several continental deforming ...
    • Degenerate Fermi Gas of 87Sr 

      DeSalvo, B.J.; Yan, M.; Mickelson, P.G.; Martinez de Escobar, Y.N.; Killian, T.C. (2010-07-13)
      We report quantum degeneracy in a gas of ultracold fermionic Sr87 atoms. By evaporatively cooling a mixture of spin states in an optical dipole trap for 10.5 s, we obtain samples well into the degenerate regime with ...
    • Deletion of liaR Reverses Daptomycin Resistance in Enterococcus faecium Independent of the Genetic Background 

      Panesso, Diana; Reyes, Jinnethe; Gaston, Elizabeth; Deal, Morgan; Londoño, Alejandra; Nigo, Masayuki; Munita, Jose M.; Miller, William; Shamoo, Yousif; Tran, Truc T.; Arias, Cesar A. (2015)
      We have shown previously that changes in LiaFSR, a three-component regulatory system predicted to orchestrate the cell membrane stress response, are important mediators of daptomycin (DAP) resistance in enterococci. Indeed, ...
    • Delivery of nanoparticles to brain metastases of breast cancer using a cellular Trojan horse 

      Choi, Mi-Ran; Bardhan, Rizia; Stanton-Maxey, Katie J.; Badve, Sunil; Nakshatri, Harikrishna; Stantz, Keith M.; Cao, Ning; Halas, Naomi J.; Clare, Susan E. (2012)
      As systemic cancer therapies improve and are able to control metastatic disease outside the central nervous system, the brain is increasingly the first site of relapse. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) represents a major ...
    • Demonstrating universal scaling for dynamics of Yukawa one-component plasmas after an interaction quench 

      Langin, T.K.; Strickler, T.; Maksimovic, N.; McQuillen, P.; Pohl, T.; Vrinceanu, D.; Killian, T.C. (2016)
      The Yukawa one-component plasma (OCP) model is a paradigm for describing plasmas that contain one component of interest and one or more other components that can be treated as a neutralizing, screening background. In ...
    • Density matrix embedding from broken symmetry lattice mean fields 

      Bulik, Ireneusz W.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Dukelsky, Jorge (2014)
      Several variants of the recently proposed density matrix embedding theory (DMET) [G. Knizia and G. K-L. Chan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 186404 (2012)] are formulated and tested. We show that spin symmetry breaking of the lattice ...
    • The Density of States Measure of the Weakly Coupled Fibonacci Hamiltonian 

      Damanik, David; Gorodetski, Anton (2012)
      We consider the density of states measure of the Fibonacci Hamiltonian and show that, for small values of the coupling constant V , this measure is exact-dimensional and the almost everywhere value dV of the local ...
    • Dependence of EMIC wave parameters during quiet, geomagnetic storm, and geomagnetic storm phase times 

      Halford, A.J.; Fraser, B.J.; Morley, S.K.; Elkington, S.R.; Chan, A.A. (2016)
      As electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves may play an important role in radiation belt dynamics, there has been a push to better include them into global simulations. How to best include EMIC wave effects is still an ...
    • Dephasing of G-band phonons in single-wall carbon nanotubes probed via impulsive stimulated Raman scattering 

      Kim, J.-H.; Yee, K.-J.; Lim, Y.-S.; Booshehri, L.G.; Haroz, E.H.; Kono, J. (2012)
      We study the coherent dynamics of G-band phonons in single-wall carbon nanotubes through impulsive stimulated Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman scattering. The probe energy dependence of the phonon amplitude as well as the ...
    • Depinning transition of bubble phases in a high Landau level 

      Wang, Xuebin; Fu, Hailong; Du, Lingjie; Liu, Xiaoxue; Wang, Pengjie; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W.; Du, Rui-Rui; Lin, Xi (2015)
      In the higher Landau levels (N>0) a reentrant integer quantum Hall effect (RIQHE) state, which resides at fractional filling factors but exhibits integer Hall plateaus, has been previously observed and studied extensively. ...
    • Description and performance of track and primary-vertex reconstruction with the CMS tracker 

      Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
      A description is provided of the software algorithms developed for the CMS tracker both for reconstructing charged-particle trajectories in proton-proton interactions and for using the resulting tracks to estimate the ...
    • Destabilization of Surfactant-Dispersed Carbon Nanotubes by Anions 

      Hirano, Atsushi; Gao, Weilu; He, Xiaowei; Kono, Junichiro (2017)
      The colloidal stability of surfactant-dispersed single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is determined by microscopic physicochemical processes, such as association, partitioning, and adsorption propensities. These processes ...
    • Detecting antiferromagnetism of atoms in an optical lattice via optical Bragg scattering 

      Corcovilos, T.A.; Baur, S.K.; Hitchcock, J.M.; Mueller, E.J.; Hulet, R.G. (2010)
      Antiferromagnetism of ultracold fermions in an optical lattice can be detected by Bragg diffraction of light, in analogy to the diffraction of neutrons from solid-state materials. A finite sublattice magnetization will ...