Now showing items 1605-1624 of 1635

    • Validating the Rice neural network and the Wing Kp real-time models 

      Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia (2014)
      The Rice neural network models of Kp have been running in real time at http://mms.rice.edu/realtime/forecast.html since October 2007; Dst and AE models were added to our operations in May 2010. All these models use the ...
    • Valley trion dynamics in monolayerᅠMoSe2 

      Gao, Feng; Gong, Yongji; Titze, Michael; Almeida, Raybel; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Li, Hebin (2016)
      Charged excitons called trions play an important role in the fundamental valley dynamics in newly emerging two-dimensional semiconductor materials. We use ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy to study the valley trion dynamics ...
    • Valuing the Air Quality Effects of Biochar Reductions on Soil NO Emissions 

      Pourhashem, Ghasideh; Rasool, Quazi Z.; Zhang, Rui; Medlock, Kenneth B.; Cohan, Daniel S.; Masiello, Caroline A. (2017)
      While it is clear that biochar can alter soil N2O emissions, data on NO impacts are scarce. Reports range from 0 to 67% soil NO emission reductions postbiochar amendment. We use regional air quality and health cost models ...
    • Van der Waals coefficients beyond the classical shell model 

      Tao, Jianmin; Fang, Yuan; Hao, Pan; Scuseria, G.E.; Ruzsinszky, Adrienn; Perdew, John P. (2015)
      Van der Waals (vdW) coefficients can be accurately generated and understood by modelling the dynamic multipole polarizability of each interacting object. Accurate static polarizabilities are the key to accurate ...
    • A variable DNA recognition site organization establishes the LiaR-mediated cell envelope stress response of enterococci to daptomycin 

      Davlieva, Milya; Shi, Yiwen; Leonard, Paul G.; Johnson, Troy A.; Zianni, Michael R.; Arias, Cesar A.; Ladbury, John E.; Shamoo, Yousif (2015)
      LiaR is a ‘master regulator’ of the cell envelope stress response in enterococci and many other Gram-positive organisms. Mutations to liaR can lead to antibiotic resistance to a variety of antibiotics including the cyclic ...
    • Variance Spectroscopy 

      Streit, Jason K.; Bachilo, Sergei M.; Sanchez, Stephen R.; Lin, Ching-Wei; Weisman, R. Bruce (2015)
      Spectroscopic analysis and study of nanoparticle samples is often hampered by structural diversity that presents a complex superposition of spectral signatures. By probing the spectra of small volumes within dilute samples, ...
    • Variational description of the ground state of the repulsive two-dimensional Hubbard model in terms of nonorthogonal symmetry-projected Slater determinants 

      Rodríguez-Guzmán, R.; Jiménez-Hoyos, Carlos A.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2014)
      The few-determinant (FED) methodology, introduced in our previous works [R. Rodríguez-Guzmán et al., Phys. Rev. B 87, 235129 (2013); Phys. Rev. B 89, 195109 (2014)] for one-dimensional (1D) lattices, is here adapted for ...
    • Velocity Relaxation in a Strongly Coupled Plasma 

      Bannasch, G.; Castro, J.; McQuillen, P.; Pohl, T.; Killian, T.C. (2012)
      Collisional relaxation of Coulomb systems is studied in the strongly coupled regime. We use an optical pump-probe approach to manipulate and monitor the dynamics of ions in an ultracold neutral plasma, which allows direct ...
    • Velocity structure of the uppermost mantle beneath East Asia from Pn tomography and its dynamic implications 

      Wang, Suyun; Niu, Fenglin; Zhang, Guomin (2013)
      [1] East Asia is one of the most tectonically active regions on Earth's surface due to the collision from the India plate and the suctions induced by the subduction of the Pacific and Philippine plates. To better understand ...
    • Vertebrate seed dispersers maintain the composition of tropical forest seedbanks 

      Wandrag, E.M.; Dunham, A.E.; Miller, R.H.; Rogers, H.S. (2015)
      The accumulation of seeds in the soil (the seedbank) can set the template for the early regeneration of habitats following disturbance. Seed dispersal is an important factor determining the pattern of seed rain, which ...
    • Vertical and in-plane heterostructures from WS2/MoS2 monolayers 

      Gong, Yongji; Lin, Junhao; Wang, Xingli; Shi, Gang; Lei, Sidong; Lin, Zhong; Zou, Xiaolong; Ye, Gonglan; Vajtai, Robert; Yakobson, Boris I.; Terrones, Humberto; Terrones, Mauricio; Tay, Beng Kang; Lou, Jun; Pantelides, Sokrates T.; Liu, Zheng; Zhou, Wu; Ajayan, Pulickel M. (2014)
      Layer-by-layer stacking or lateral interfacing of atomic monolayers has opened up unprecedented opportunities to engineer two-dimensional heteromaterials. Fabrication of such artificial heterostructures with atomically ...
    • Very large magnetoresistance in Fe0.28TaS2 single crystals 

      Hardy, Will J.; Chen, Chih-Wei; Marcinkova, A.; Ji, Heng; Sinova, Jairo; Natelson, D.; Morosan, E. (2015)
      Magnetic moments intercalated into layered transition metal dichalcogenides are an excellent system for investigating the rich physics associated with magnetic ordering in a strongly anisotropic, strong spin-orbit coupling ...
    • Very strong Rydberg atom scattering in K(12p)–CH3NO2collisions: Role of transient ion pair formation 

      Kelley, M.; Buathong, S.; Dunning, F.B. (2017)
      Collisions between K(12p) Rydberg atoms and CH3NO2 target molecules are studied. Whereas CH3NO2 can form long-lived valence-bound CH3NO−2NO2− ions, the data provide no evidence for production of long-lived K+⋯⋯CH3NO−2NO2− ion ...
    • A viable Arabidopsis pex13 missense allele confers severe peroxisomal defects and decreases PEX5 association with peroxisomes 

      Woodward, Andrew W.; Fleming, Wendell A.; Burkhart, Sarah E.; Ratzel, Sarah E.; Bjornson, Marta; Bartel, Bonnie (2014)
      Peroxisomes are organelles that catabolize fatty acids and compartmentalize other oxidative metabolic processes in eukaryotes. Using a forward-genetic screen designed to recover severe peroxisome-defective mutants, we ...
    • Volcano-shape glycerol oxidation activity of palladium-decorated gold nanoparticles 

      Zhao, Zhun; Arentz, Joni; Pretzer, Lori A.; Limpornpipat, Pongsak; Clomburg, James M.; Gonzalez, Ramon; Schweitzer, Neil M.; Wu, Tianpin; Miller, Jeffrey T.; Wong, Michael S. (2014)
      Bimetallic PdAu catalysts are more active than monometallic ones for the selective oxidation of alcohols, but the reasons for improvement remain insufficiently detailed. A metal-on-metal material can probe the structure–catalysis ...
    • Voltage tuning of vibrational mode energies in single-molecule junctions 

      Li, Yajing; Doak, Peter; Kronik, Leeor; Neaton, Jeffrey B.; Natelson, Douglas (2014)
      Vibrational modes of molecules are fundamental properties determined by intramolecular bonding, atomic masses, and molecular geometry, and often serve as important channels for dissipation in nanoscale processes. Although ...
    • Wafer-scale monodomain films of spontaneously aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes 

      He, Xiaowei; Gao, Weilu; Xie, Lijuan; Li, Bo; Zhang, Qi; Lei, Sidong; Robinson, John M.; Hároz, Erik H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Wang, Weipeng; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Adams, W. Wade; Hauge, Robert H.; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      The one-dimensional character of electrons, phonons and excitons in individual single-walled carbon nanotubes leads to extremely anisotropic electronic, thermal and optical properties. However, despite significant efforts ...
    • Water-structuring molecules and nanomaterials enhance radiofrequency heating in biologically relevant solutions 

      Lara, Nadia C.; Haider, Asad A.; Ho, Jason C.; Wilson, Lon J.; Barron, Andrew R.; Curley, Steven A.; Corr, Stuart J. (2016)
      For potential applications in nano-mediated radiofrequency cancer hyperthermia, the nanomaterial under investigation must increase the heating of any aqueous solution in which it is suspended when exposed to radiofrequency ...
    • The Weil-Peterson Hessian of Length on Teichmuller Space 

      Wolf, Michael (2012)
      We present a brief but nearly self-contained proof of a formula for the Weil-Petersson Hessian of the geodesic length of a closed curve (either simple or not simple) on a hyperbolic surface. The formula is the sum of the ...
    • Whole Genome Sequencing of Mutation Accumulation Lines Reveals a Low Mutation Rate in the Social Amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum 

      Saxer, Gerda; Havlak, Paul; Fox, Sara A.; Quance, Michael A.; Gupta, Shara; Fofanov, Yuriy; Strassmann, Joan E.; Queller, David C. (2012)
      Spontaneous mutations play a central role in evolution. Despite their importance, mutation rates are some of the most elusive parameters to measure in evolutionary biology. The combination of mutation accumulation (MA) ...