Now showing items 1371-1390 of 1504

    • T Cell Repertoire Diversity Is Decreased in Type 1 Diabetes Patients 

      Tong, Yin; Li, Zhoufang; Zhang, Hua; Xia, Ligang; Zhang, Meng; Xu, Ying; Wang, Zhanhui; Deem, Michael W.; Sun, Xiaojuan; He, Jiankui (2016)
      Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is an immune-mediated disease. The autoreactive T cells in T1D patients attack and destroy their own pancreatic cells. In order to systematically investigate the potential autoreactive T cell ...
    • Tales from the crypt: a parasitoid manipulates the behaviour of its parasite host 

      Weinersmith, Kelly L.; Liu, Sean M.; Forbes, Andrew A.; Egan, Scott P. (2017)
      There are many examples of apparent manipulation of host phenotype by parasites, yet few examples of hypermanipulation—where a phenotype-manipulating parasite is itself manipulated by a parasite. Moreover, few studies ...
    • A Technique to Increase Accessibility to Late-Stage Chick Embryos for In Ovo Manipulations 

      Spurlin, James III; Lwigale, Peter (2013)
      Background: During early development, avian embryos are easily accessible in ovo for transplantations and experimental perturbations. However, these qualities of the avian embryonic model rapidly wane shortly after embryonic ...
    • The Teichmüller Theory of Harmonic Maps 

      Wolf, Michael (1989)
    • Template–Framework Interactions in Tetraethylammonium-Directed Zeolite Synthesis 

      Schmidt, Joel E.; Fu, Donglong; Deem, Michael W.; Weckhuysen, Bert M. (2016)
      Zeolites, having widespread applications in chemical industries, are often synthesized using organic templates. These can be cost-prohibitive, motivating investigations into their role in promoting crystallization. Herein, ...
    • Tensegrity and motor-driven effective interactions in a model cytoskeleton 

      Wang, Shenshen; Wolynes, Peter G. (2012)
      Actomyosin networks are major structural components of the cell. They provide mechanical integrity and allow dynamic remodeling of eukaryotic cells, self-organizing into the diverse patterns essential for development. We ...
    • Terahertz and Infrared Spectroscopy of Gated Large-Area Graphene 

      Ren, Lei; Zhang, Qi; Yao, Jun; Sun, Zhengzong; Kaneko, Ryosuke; Yan, Zheng; Nanot, Sébastien L.; Jin, Zhong; Kawayama, Iwao; Tonouchi, Masayoshi; Tour, James M.; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
      We have fabricated a centimeter-size single-layer graphene device with a gate electrode, which can modulate the transmission of terahertz and infrared waves. Using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy and Fourier-transform ...
    • Ternary CuIn7Se11: Towards Ultra-Thin Layered Photodetectors and Photovoltaic Devices 

      Lei, Sidong; Sobhani, Ali; Wen, Fangfang; George, Antony; Wang, Qizhong; Huang, Yihan; Dong, Pei; Li, Bo; Najmaei, Sina; Bellah, James; Gupta, Gautam; Mohite, Aditya D.; Ge, Liehui; Lou, Jun; Halas, Naomi J.; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel (2014)
      2D materials have been widely studied over the past decade for their potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. In these materials, elemental composition plays a critical role in defining their physical ...
    • Teslaphoresis of Carbon Nanotubes 

      Bornhoeft, Lindsey R.; Castillo, Aida C.; Smalley, Preston R.; Kittrell, Carter; James, Dustin K.; Brinson, Bruce E.; Rybolt, Thomas R.; Johnson, Bruce R.; Cherukuri, Tonya K.; Cherukuri, Paul (2016)
      This paper introduces Teslaphoresis, the directed motion and self-assembly of matter by a Tesla coil, and studies this electrokinetic phenomenon using single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Conventional directed self-assembly ...
    • TESTING DISK-LOCKING IN NGC 2264 

      Cauley, P. Wilson; Johns-Krull, Christopher M.; Hamilton, Catrina M.; Lockhart, Kelly (2012)
      We test analytic predictions from different models of magnetospheric accretion, which invoke disk-locking, using stellar and accretion parameters derived from models of low-resolution optical spectra of 36 T Tauri stars ...
    • Testing morphodynamic controls on the location and frequency of river avulsions on fans versus deltas: Huanghe (Yellow River), China 

      Ganti, Vamsi; Chu, Zhongxin; Lamb, Michael P.; Nittrouer, Jeffrey A.; Parker, Gary (2014)
      A mechanistic understanding of river avulsion location and frequency is needed to predict the growth of alluvial fans and deltas. The Huanghe, China, provides a rare opportunity to test emerging theories because its high ...
    • Testing the estimated hypothetical response of a major CME impact on Earth and its implications to space weather 

      Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia; Russell, C.T. (2015)
      The high-speed coronal mass ejection (CME), ejected on 23 July 2012, observed by STEREO-A on the same day as the leading edge of the CME arrived at 1AU was unique both in respect to the observed plasma and magnetic structure ...
    • Tests of fixity of the Indo-Atlantic hot spots relative to Pacific hot spots 

      Koivisto, Emilia A.; Andrews, David L.; Gordon, Richard G. (2014)
      Rates of inter-hot spot motion have been debated for decades. Herein we present updated predictions for the tracks of the Tristan da Cunha, Réunion, and Iceland hot spots assuming them to be fixed relative to Pacific hot ...
    • TFEB regulates lysosomal proteostasis 

      Song, Wensi; Wang, Fan; Savini, Marzia; Ake, Ashley; di Ronza, Alberto; Sardiello, Marco; Segatori, Laura (2013)
      Loss-of-function diseases are often caused by destabilizing mutations that lead to protein misfolding and degradation. Modulating the innate protein homeostasis (proteostasis) capacity may lead to rescue of native folding ...
    • Theoretical analysis of degradation mechanisms in the formation of morphogen gradients 

      Bozorgui, Behnaz; Teimouri, Hamid; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2015)
      Fundamental biological processes of development of tissues and organs in multicellular organisms are governed by various signaling molecules, which are called morphogens. It is known that spatial and temporal variations ...
    • Theoretical analysis of dynamic processes for interacting molecular motors 

      Teimouri, Hamid; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B.; Mehrabiani, Kareem (2015)
      Biological transport is supported by the collective dynamics of enzymatic molecules that are called motor proteins or molecular motors. Experiments suggest that motor proteins interact locally via short-range potentials. ...
    • Theoretical Analysis of Microtubule Dynamics at All Times 

      Li, Xin; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2014)
      Microtubules are biopolymers consisting of tubulin dimer subunits. As a major component of cytoskeleton they are essential for supporting most important cellular processes such as cell division, signaling, intracellular ...
    • Theoretical analysis of selectivity mechanisms in molecular transport through channels and nanopores 

      Agah, Shaghayegh; Pasquali, Matteo; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2015)
      Selectivity is one of the most fundamental concepts in natural sciences, and it is also critically important in various technological, industrial, and medical applications. Although there are many experimental methods that ...
    • Theory of coherent phonons in carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons 

      Sanders, G.D.; Nugraha, A.R.T.; Sato, K.; Kim, J.-H.; Kono, J.; Saito, R.; Stanton, C.J. (2013)
      We survey our recent theoretical studies on the generation and detection of coherent radial breathing mode (RBM) phonons in single-walled carbon nanotubes and coherent radial breathing like mode (RBLM) phonons in graphene ...
    • Thermal conductivity enhancement of laser induced graphene foam upon P3HT infiltration 

      Smith, M.K.; Luong, D.X.; Bougher, T.L.; Kalaitzidou, K.; Tour, J.M.; Cola, B.A. (2016)
      Significant research has been dedicated to the exploration of high thermal conductivity polymer composite materials with conductive filler particles for use in heat transfer applications. However, poor particle dispersibility ...