Now showing items 377-396 of 1114

    • Identification of b-quark jets with the CMS experiment 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2013)
      At the Large Hadron Collider, the identification of jets originating from b quarks is important for searches for new physics and for measurements of standard model processes. A variety of algorithms has been developed by ...
    • Identification techniques for highly boosted W bosons that decay into hadrons 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2014)
      In searches for new physics in the energy regime of the LHC, it is becoming increasingly important to distinguish single-jet objects that originate from the merging of the decay products of W bosons produced with high ...
    • Identified Hadron Compositions in p+p and Au+Au Collisions at High Transverse Momenta at √sNN=200  GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Yepes, P. (2012)
      We report transverse momentum (pT≤15  GeV/c) spectra of π±, K±, p, p¯, K0S, and ρ0 at midrapidity in p+p and Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200  GeV. Perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with π± spectra in p+p collisions ...
    • IL-1β induces p62/SQSTM1 and represses androgen receptor expression in prostate cancer cells 

      Chang, M.A.; Patel, V.; Gwede, M.; Morgado, M.; Tomasevich, K.; Fong, E.L.; Farach-Carson, M.C.; Delk, N.A. (2014)
      Chronic inflammation is associated with advanced prostate cancer (PCa), although the mechanisms governing inflammation-mediated PCa progression are not fully understood. PCa progresses to an androgen independent phenotype ...
    • Imaging molecular adsorption and desorption dynamics on graphene using terahertz emission spectroscopy 

      Sano, Y.; Kawayama, I.; Tabata, M.; Salek, K.A.; Murakami, H.; Wang, M.; Vajtai, R.; Ajayan, P.M.; Kono, J.; Tonouchi, M. (2014-08-13)
      Being an atomically thin material, graphene is known to be extremely susceptible to its environment, including defects and phonons in the substrate on which it is placed as well as gas molecules that surround it. Thus, any ...
    • Imaging the evolution of an ultracold strontium Rydberg gas 

      McQuillen, P.; Zhang, X.; Strickler, T.; Dunning, F.B.; Killian, T.C. (2013-01-07)
      Clouds of ultracold strontium 5s48s1S0 or 5s47d1D2 Rydberg atoms are created by two-photon excitation of laser-cooled 5s21S0 atoms. The spontaneous evolution of the cloud of low orbital angular momentum (low-ℓ) Rydberg ...
    • The impact of lithologic heterogeneity and focused fluid flow upon gas hydrate distribution in marine sediments 

      Chatterjee, Sayantan; Bhatnagar, Gaurav; Dugan, Brandon; Dickens, Gerald R.; Chapman, Walter G.; Hirasaki, George J. (2014)
      Gas hydrate and free gas accumulation in heterogeneous marine sediment is simulated using a two-dimensional (2-D) numerical model that accounts for mass transfer over geological timescales. The model extends a previously ...
    • Impacts of biochar concentration and particle size on hydraulic conductivity and DOC leaching of biochar-sand mixtures 

      Liu, Zuolin; Dugan, Brandon; Masiello, Caroline A.; Barnes, Rebecca T.; Gallagher, Morgan E.; Gonnermann, Helge (2016)
      The amendment of soil with biochar can sequester carbon and alter hydrologic properties by changing physical and chemical characteristics of soil. To understand the effect of biochar amendment on soil hydrology, we measured ...
    • Implications of the hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype in metastasis 

      Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Boareto, Marcelo; Huang, Bin; Jia, Dongya; Lu, Mingyang; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Onuchic, José N.; Levine, Herbert (2015)
      Transitions between epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes - the epithelial to -mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse the mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET) - are hallmarks of cancer metastasis. While ...
    • Improved Analysis for Determining Diffusion Coefficients from Short, Single-Molecule Trajectories with Photoblinking 

      Shuang, Bo; Byers, Chad P.; Kisley, Lydia; Wang, Lin-Yung; Zhao, Julia; Morimura, Hiroyuki; Link, Stephan; Landes, Christy F. (2013)
      Two Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) methods were developed for optimizing the analysis of single-molecule trajectories that include phenomena such as experimental noise, photoblinking, photobleaching, and translation ...
    • Improved Cellular Specificity of Plasmonic Nanobubbles versus Nanoparticles in Heterogeneous Cell Systems 

      Lukianova-Hleb, Ekaterina Y.; Ren, Xiaoyang; Constantinou, Pamela E.; Danysh, Brian P.; Shenefelt, Derek L.; Carson, Daniel D.; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Kulchitsky, Vladimir A.; Wu, Xiangwei; Wagner, Daniel S.; Lapotko, Dmitri O. (2012)
      The limited specificity of nanoparticle (NP) uptake by target cells associated with a disease is one of the principal challenges of nanomedicine. Using the threshold mechanism of plasmonic nanobubble (PNB) generation and ...
    • Improvement of NADPH bioavailability in Escherichia coli through the use of phosphofructokinase deficient strains 

      Wang, Yipeng; San, Ka-Yiu; Bennett, George N. (2013)
      NADPH-dependent reactions play important roles in production of industrially valuable compounds. In this study, we used phosphofructokinase (PFK)-deficient strains to direct fructose-6-phosphate to be oxidized through ...
    • Improvements in short-term forecasting of geomagnetic activity 

      Bala, Ramkumar; Reiff, Patricia (2012)
      We have improved our space weather forecasting algorithms to now predict Dst and AE in addition to Kp for up to 6 h of forecast times. These predictions can be accessed in real time at http://mms.rice. edu/realtime/for ...
    • Impurity-Induced Plasmon Damping in Individual Cobalt-Doped Hollow Au Nanoshells 

      Thibodeaux, Christyn A.; Kulkarni, Vikram; Chang, Wei-Shun; Neumann, Oara; Cao, Yang; Brinson, Bruce; Ayala-Orozco, Ciceron; Chen, Chih-Wei; Morosan, Emilia; Link, Stephan; Nordlander, Peter; Halas, Naomi J. (2014)
      The optical properties of plasmonic nanoparticles in the size range corresponding to the electrostatic, or dipole, limit have the potential to reveal effects otherwise masked by phase retardation. Here we examine the optical ...
    • In Silico Discovery of High Deliverable Capacity Metal-Organic Frameworks 

      Bao, Yi; Martin, Richard L.; Simon, Cory; Haranczyk, Maciej; Smit, Berend; Deem, Michael W. (2015)
      Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are actively being explored as potential adsorbed natural gas storage materials for small vehicles. Experimental exploration of potential materials is limited by the throughput of synthetic ...
    • In silico prediction of MOFs with high deliverable capacity or internal surface area 

      Bao, Yi; Martin, Richard L.; Haranczyk, Maciej; Deem, Michael W. (2015)
      Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) offer unprecedented atom-scale design and structural tunability, largely due to the vast number of possible organic linkers which can be utilized in their assembly. Exploration of this space ...
    • In Situ Diffraction Study of Catalytic Hydrogenation of VO2: Stable Phases and Origins of Metallicity 

      Filinchuk, Yaroslav; Tumanov, Nikolay A.; Ban, Voraksmy; Ji, Heng; Wei, Jiang; Swift, Michael W.; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Natelson, Douglas (2014)
      Controlling electronic population through chemical doping is one way to tip the balance between competing phases in materials with strong electronic correlations. Vanadium dioxide exhibits a first-order phase transition ...
    • In situ measurement of bovine serum albumin interaction with gold nanospheres 

      Dominguez-Medina, Sergio; McDonough, Steven; Swanglap, Pattanawit; Landes, Christy F.; Link, Stephan (2012-06-19)
      Here we present in situ observations of adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on citratestabilized gold nanospheres. We implemented scattering correlation spectroscopy as a tool to quantify changes in the nanoparticle ...
    • Inclusive and differential measurements of the tt¯ charge asymmetry in proton–proton collisions at √s=7 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      The tt¯ charge asymmetry is measured in events containing a charged lepton (electron or muon) and at least four jets, one of which is identified as originating from b-quark hadronization. The analyzed dataset corresponds ...
    • Inclusive b-jet production in pp collisions at √s=7TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Boulahouache, C.; Cuplov, V.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Zabel, J. (2012)
      The inclusive b-jet production cross section in pp collisions at a center-of mass energy of 7 TeV is measured using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The cross section is presented as a function of the jet ...