Now showing items 2033-2052 of 2140

    • Transport and Metabolism of the Endogenous Auxin Precursor Indole-3-Butyric Acid 

      Strader, Lucia C.; Bartel, Bonnie (2011)
      Plant growth and morphogenesis depend on the levels and distribution of the plant hormone auxin. Plants tightly regulate cellular levels of the active auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) through synthesis, inactivation, and ...
    • Transport coefficients of graphene: Interplay of impurity scattering, Coulomb interaction, and optical phonons 

      Xie, Hong-Yi; Foster, Matthew S. (2016)
      We study the electric and thermal transport of the Dirac carriers in monolayer graphene using the Boltzmann-equation approach. Motivated by recent thermopower measurements [F. Ghahari, H.-Y. Xie, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, ...
    • Transport in Supported Polyelectrolyte Brushes 

      Reznik, Carmen; Landes, Christy F. (2012)
      Functional polymers have a wide variety of applications ranging from energy storage to drug delivery. For energy storage applications, desirable material properties include low cost, high charge storage and/or mobility, ...
    • Transport mechanism in granular Ni deposited on carbon nanotubes fibers 

      Salvato, M.; Lucci, M.; Ottaviani, I.; Cirillo, M.; Tamburri, E.; Orlanducci, S.; Terranova, M.L.; Notarianni, M.; Young, C.C.; Behabtu, N.; Pasquali, M. (2012)
      We investigate the transport properties of granular nickel electrodeposited on carbon nanotube fibers by measuring the electrical resistance and the current voltage characteristics as a function of the temperature. The ...
    • Transport of a sliding Wigner crystal in the four flux composite fermion regime 

      Zhang, Chi; Du, Rui-Rui; Manfra, M.J.; Pfeiffer, L.N.; West, K.W. (2015)
      In two-dimensional (2D) electron systems, Wigner crystals (WC) and fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) liquids are competing ground states under low temperatures (T) and high magnetic fields (B). Here we report differential ...
    • Transverse momentum spectra of inclusive b jets in pPb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Guilbaud, M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Northup, M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Rorie, J.; Tu, Z.; Zabel, J. (2016)
      We present a measurement of b jet transverse momentum (pT) spectra in proton-lead (pPb) collisions using a dataset corresponding to about 35 nb−1 collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. Jets from b quark fragmentation ...
    • Transverse single-spin asymmetry and cross section for π0 and η mesons at large Feynman x in p↑+p collisions at √s=200  GeV 

      STAR Collaboration; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Llope, W.J.; McDonald, D.; Roberts, J.B.; Xin, K.; Yepes, P. (2012)
      Measurements of the differential cross section and the transverse single-spin asymmetry, AN, vs xF for π0 and η mesons are reported for 0.4<xF<0.75 at an average pseudorapidity of 3.68. A data sample of approximately ...
    • Transverse spin-dependent azimuthal correlations of charged pion pairs measured in p↑ + p collisions at s=500 GeV 

      Brandenburg, J.D.; Butterworth, J.; Eppley, G.; Geurts, F.; Roberts, J.B.; Tlusty, D. (2018)
      The transversity distribution, which describes transversely polarized quarks in transversely polarized nucleons, is a fundamental component of the spin structure of the nucleon, and is only loosely constrained by global ...
    • Trap losses induced by near-resonant Rydberg dressing of cold atomic gases 

      Aman, J.A.; DeSalvo, B.J.; Dunning, F.B.; Killian, T.C.; Yoshida, S.; Burgdörfer, J. (2016)
      The near-resonant dressing of cold strontium gases and Bose-Einstein condensates contained in an optical dipole trap (ODT) with the 5s30s3S1 Rydberg state is investigated as a function of the effective two-photon Rabi ...
    • Trap-loss collisions of ultracold lithium atoms 

      Ritchie, N.W.M.; Abraham, E.R.I.; Xiao, Y.Y.; Bradley, C.C.; Hulet, R.G.; Julienne, P.S. (1995)
      Accurate measurements are presented of the rate of trap-loss-producing collisions between ultracold magneto-optically trapped Li7 atoms for a range of trap laser intensities and frequencies. Intensities from near the atomic ...
    • Triplet s-wave resonance in Li6 collisions and scattering lengths of Li6 and Li7 

      Abraham, E.R.I.; McAlexander, W.I.; Gerton, J.M.; Hulet, R.G.; Côté, R.; Dalgarno, A. (1997)
      The triplet s-wave scattering length of Li6 is determined using two-photon photoassociative spectroscopy of the diatomic a3Σ+u state of Li26. The measured binding energy of the highest-lying bound state, combined with ...
    • Troika of single particle tracking programing: SNR enhancement, particle identification, and mapping 

      Shuang, Bo; Chen, Jixin; Kisley, Lydia; Landes, Christy F. (2014)
      Single particle tracking (SPT) techniques provide a microscopic approach to probe in vivo and in vitro structure and reactions. Automatic analysis of SPT data with high efficiency and accuracy spurs the development of SPT ...
    • “Trunk-like” heavy ion structures observed by the Van Allen Probes 

      Zhang, J.-C.; Kistler, L.M.; Spence, H.E.; Wolf, R.A.; Reeves, G.; Skoug, R.; Funsten, H.; Larsen, B.A.; Niehof, J.T.; MacDonald, E.A.; Friedel, R.; Ferradas, C.P.; Luo, H. (2015)
      Dynamic ion spectral features in the inner magnetosphere are the observational signatures of ion acceleration, transport, and loss in the global magnetosphere. We report “trunk-like” ion structures observed by the Van Allen ...
    • Tumor Budding: The Name is EMT. Partial EMT. 

      Grigore, Alexandru Dan; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Jia, Dongya; Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Levine, Herbert (2016)
      Tumor budding is a histological phenomenon encountered in various cancers, whereby individual malignant cells and/or small clusters of malignant cells are seen in the tumor stroma. Postulated to be mirror epithelial-mesenchymal ...
    • Tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ stimulate MUC16 (CA125) expression in breast, endometrial and ovarian cancers through NFκB 

      Morgado, Micaela; Sutton, Margie N.; Simmons, Mary; Warren, Curtis R.; Lu, Zhen; Constantinou, Pamela E.; Liu, Jinsong; Francis, Lewis L.W.; Conlan, R. Steven; Bast, Robert C. Jr.; Carson, Daniel D. (2016)
      Transmembrane mucins (TMs) are restricted to the apical surface of normal epithelia. In cancer, TMs not only are over-expressed, but also lose polarized distribution. MUC16/CA125 is a high molecular weight TM carrying the ...
    • Tunable optical tweezers for wavelength-dependent measurements 

      Hester, Brooke; Campbell, Gretchen K.; Lopez-Mariscal, Carlos; Filgueira, Carly Levin; Huschka, Ryan; Halas, Naomi J.; Helmerson, Kristian (2012)
      Optical trapping forces depend on the difference between the trap wavelength and the extinction resonances of trapped particles. This leads to a wavelength-dependent trapping force, which should allow for the optimization ...
    • Tunable Protease-Activatable Virus Nanonodes 

      Judd, Justin; Ho, Michelle L.; Tiwari, Abhinav; Gomez, Eric J.; Dempsey, Christopher; Vliet, Kim Van; Igoshin, Oleg A.; Silberg, Jonathan J.; Agbandje-McKenna, Mavis; Suh, Junghae (2014)
      We explored the unique signal integration properties of the self-assembling 60-mer protein capsid of adeno-associated virus (AAV), a clinically proven human gene therapy vector, by engineering proteolytic regulation of ...
    • Tunable Surface Properties of Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles from Highly Hydrophobic to Highly Hydrophilic 

      Al-Shatty, Wafaa; Lord, Alex M.; Alexander, Shirin; Barron, Andrew R. (2017)
      The formation of materials with tunable wettability is important for applications ranging from antifouling to waterproofing surfaces. We report the use of various low-cost and nonhazardous hydrocarbon materials to tune the ...
    • Tunable Surface Properties of Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles from Highly Hydrophobic to Highly Hydrophilic 

      Al-Shatty, Wafaa; Lord, Alex M.; Alexander, Shirin; Barron, Andrew R. (2017)
      The formation of materials with tunable wettability is important for applications ranging from antifouling to waterproofing surfaces. We report the use of various low-cost and nonhazardous hydrocarbon materials to tune the ...
    • Tuning Edge States in Strained-Layer InAs/GaInSb Quantum Spin Hall Insulators 

      Du, Lingjie; Li, Tingxin; Lou, Wenkai; Wu, Xingjun; Liu, Xiaoxue; Han, Zhongdong; Zhang, Chi; Sullivan, Gerard; Ikhlassi, Amal; Chang, Kai; Du, Rui-Rui (2017)
      We report on a class of quantum spin Hall insulators (QSHIs) in strained-layer InAs / GaInSb quantum wells, in which the bulk gaps are enhanced up to fivefold as compared to the binary InAs / GaSb QSHI. Remarkably, ...