Now showing items 1415-1434 of 2182

    • PRYSM v2.0: A Proxy System Model for Lacustrine Archives 

      Dee, Sylvia G.; Russell, James M.; Morrill, Carrie; Chen, Zihan; Neary, Ashling (2018)
      Reconstructions of temperature and hydrology from lake sedimentary archives have made fundamental contributions to our understanding of past, present, and future climate and help evaluate general circulation models (GCMs). ...
    • Pseudorapidity and transverse momentum dependence of flow harmonics in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ and PbPb collisions 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Guilbaud, M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Northup, M.; Padley, B.P.; Roberts, J.; Rorie, J.; Tu, Z.; Zabel, J. (2018)
      Measurements of azimuthal angular correlations are presented for high-multiplicity pPb collisions at √sNN=5.02TeV and peripheral PbPb collisions at √sNN=2.76TeV. The data used in this work were collected with the Compact ...
    • Pseudorapidity dependence of long-range two-particle correlations in $p\mathrm{Pb}$ collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{\mathit{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Guilbaud, M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Northup, M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Rorie, J.; Tu, Z.; Zabel, J. (2017)
      Two-particle correlations in pPb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02TeV are studied as a function of the pseudorapidity separation (Δη) of the particle pair at small relative azimuthal angle ...
    • Pseudorapidity distribution of charged hadrons in proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Akgun, B.; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Guilbaud, M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Northup, M.; Padley, B.P.; Redjimi, R.; Roberts, J.; Rorie, J.; Tu, Z.; Zabel, J. (2015)
      The pseudorapidity distribution of charged hadrons in pp collisions at s=13 TeV is measured using a data sample obtained with the CMS detector, operated at zero magnetic field, at the CERN LHC. The yield of primary charged ...
    • Pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at sNN−−−√=5.02 and 8.16 TeV 

      CMS Collaboration; Adair, A.; Chen, Z.; Ecklund, K.M.; Freed, S.; Geurts, F.J.M.; Guilbaud, M.; Kilpatrick, M.; Li, W.; Michlin, B.; Northup, M.; Padley, B.P.; Roberts, J.; Rorie, J.; Shi, W.; Tu, Z.; Zabel, J.; Zhang, A. (2018)
      The pseudorapidity distributions of charged hadrons in proton-lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN−−−√=5.02sNN=5.02 \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02 and 8.16 TeV are presented. The measurements are ...
    • PSR J1838−0537: DISCOVERY OF A YOUNG, ENERGETIC GAMMA-RAY PULSAR 

      Pletsch, H.J.; Guillemot, L.; Allen, B.; Kramer, M.; Aulbert, C.; Fehrmann, H.; Baring, M.G.; Camilo, F.; Caraveo, P.A.; Grove, J.E.; Kerr, M.; Marelli, M.; Ransom, S.M.; Ray, P.S.; Parkinson, P.M. Saz (2012)
      We report the discovery of PSR J1838−0537, a gamma-ray pulsar found through a blind search of data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). The pulsar has a spin frequency of 6.9 Hz and a frequency derivative of −2.2 × ...
    • PSR J2021+4026 in the Gamma Cygni Region: The First Variable y-Ray Pulsar Seen by the Fermi Lat 

      Baring, M.G.; Allafort, A.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bonamente, E.; Bottacini, E.; Brandt, T.J.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G.A.; Cameron, R.A.; Caraveo, P.A.; Cecchi, C.; Chaves, R.C.G.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; D'Ammando, F.; de Palma, F.; Digel, S.W.; Di Venere, L.; Drell, P.S.; Favuzzi, C.; Ferrara, E.C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Grenier, I.A.; Guiriec, S.; Hadasch, D.; Harding, A.K.; Hayashida, M.; Hayashi, K.; Hays, E.; Hewitt, J.; Hill, A.B.; Horan, D.; Hou, X.; Jogler, T.; Johnson, A.S.; Johnson, T.J.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kuss, M.; Lande, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Lande, J.; Loparco, F.; Lubrano, P.; Malyshev, D.; Marelli, M.; Mayer, M.; Mazziotta, M.N.; Mehault, J.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M.E.; Morselli, A.; Murgia, S.; Nemmen, R.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Paneque, D.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Pierbattista, M.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Porter, T.A.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Ray, P.S.; Razzano, M.; Reimer, O.; Reposeur, T.; Romani, R.W.; Sartori, A.; Saz Parkinson, P.M.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E.J.; Smith, D.A.; Spinelli, P.; Strong, A.W.; Takahashi, H.; Thayer, J.B.; Thompson, D.J.; Tibaldo, L.; Tinivella, M.; Torres, D.F.; Tosti, G.; Uchiyama, Y.; Usher, T.L.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Vasileiou, V.; Venter, C.; Vianello, G.; Vitale, V.; Winer, B.L.; Wood, K.S. (2013)
      Long-term monitoring of PSR J2021+4026 in the heart of the Cygnus region with the Fermi Large Area Telescope unveiled a sudden decrease in flux above 100 MeV over a timescale shorter than a week. The "jump" was near MJD ...
    • Pyoverdine, a siderophore from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, translocates into C. elegans, removes iron, and activates a distinct host response 

      Kang, Donghoon; Kirienko, Daniel R.; Webster, Phillip; Fisher, Alfred L.; Kirienko, Natalia V. (2018)
      Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a re-emerging, opportunistic human pathogen, encodes a variety of virulence determinants. Pyoverdine, a siderophore produced by this bacterium, is essential for pathogenesis in mammalian infections. ...
    • Quantitative analysis of gas phase molecular constituents using frequency-modulated rotational spectroscopy 

      Lou, Minghe; Swearer, Dayne F.; Gottheim, Samuel; Phillips, Dane J.; Simmons, Jay G. Jr.; Halas, Naomi J.; Everitt, Henry O. (2019)
      Rotational spectroscopy has been used for decades for virtually unambiguous identification of gas phase molecular species, but it has rarely been used for the quantitative analysis of molecular concentrations. Challenges ...
    • Quantitative Analysis of α-Synuclein Solubility in Living Cells Using Split GFP Complementation 

      Kothawala, Ahmed; Kilpatrick, Kiri; Novoa, Jose Andres; Segatori, Laura (2012)
      Presently incurable, Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder and affects 1% of the population over 60 years of age. The hallmarks of PD pathogenesis are the loss of dopaminergic ...
    • Quantitative comparison of adaptive sampling methods for protein dynamics 

      Hruska, Eugen; Abella, Jayvee R.; Nüske, Feliks; Kavraki, Lydia E.; Clementi, Cecilia (2018)
      Adaptive sampling methods, often used in combination with Markov state models, are becoming increasingly popular for speeding up rare events in simulation such as molecular dynamics (MD) without biasing the system dynamics. ...
    • Quantum critical dynamics for a prototype class of insulating antiferromagnets 

      Wu, Jianda; Yang, Wang; Wu, Congjun; Si, Qimiao (2018)
      Quantum criticality is a fundamental organizing principle for studying strongly correlated systems. Nevertheless, understanding quantum critical dynamics at nonzero temperatures is a major challenge of condensed-matter ...
    • Quantum critical point in the Sc-doped itinerant antiferromagnet TiAu 

      Svanidze, E.; Besara, T.; Wang, J.K.; Geiger, D.; Prochaska, L.; Santiago, J.M.; Lynn, J.W.; Paschen, S.; Siegrist, T.; Morosan, E. (2017)
      We present an experimental realization of a quantum critical point in an itinerant antiferromagnet composed of nonmagnetic constituents, TiAu. By partially substituting Ti with Sc in Ti 1 − x Sc x Au , a doping ...
    • Quantum criticality in the pseudogap Bose-Fermi Anderson and Kondo models: Interplay between fermion- and boson-induced Kondo destruction 

      Pixley, J.H.; Kirchner, Stefan; Ingersent, Kevin; Si, Qimiao (2013)
      We address the phenomenon of critical Kondo destruction in pseudogap Bose-Fermi Anderson and Kondo quantum impurity models. These models describe a localized level coupled both to a fermionic bath having a density of states ...
    • Quantum effects and nonlocality in strongly coupled plasmonic nanowire dimers 

      Teperik, Tatiana V.; Nordlander, Peter; Aizpurua, Javier; Borisov, Andrei G. (2013)
      Using a fully quantum mechanical approach we study the optical response of a strongly coupled metallic nanowire dimer for variable separation widths of the junction between the nanowires. The translational invariance of ...
    • Quantum jumps via spontaneous Raman scattering 

      Hulet, Randall G.; Wineland, D.J. (1987)
      A single laser, which is used to induce and detect spontaneous Raman transitions, can be used to observe quantum jumps in a single atom. The population dynamics of a particular system, consisting of two S1/22 ground-state ...
    • Quantum mechanical effects in plasmonic structures with subnanometre gaps 

      Zhu, Wenqi; Esteban, Ruben; Borisov, Andrei G.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.; Nordlander, Peter; Lezec, Henri J.; Aizpurua, Javier; Crozier, Kenneth B. (2016)
      Metallic structures with nanogap features have proven highly effective as building blocks for plasmonic systems, as they can provide a wide tuning range of operating frequencies and large near-field enhancements. Recent ...
    • Quantum Multicriticality near the Dirac-Semimetal to Band-Insulator Critical Point in Two Dimensions: A Controlled Ascent from One Dimension 

      Roy, Bitan; Foster, Matthew S. (2018)
      We compute the effects of generic short-range interactions on gapless electrons residing at the quantum critical point separating a two-dimensional Dirac semimetal and a symmetry-preserving band insulator. The electronic ...
    • Quantum Phases of the Shastry-Sutherland Kondo Lattice: Implications for the Global Phase Diagram of Heavy-Fermion Metals 

      Pixley, J.H.; Yu, Rong; Si, Qimiao (2014)
      Considerable recent theoretical and experimental effort has been devoted to the study of quantum criticality and novel phases of antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion metals. In particular, quantum phase transitions have been ...
    • Quantum plasmonics: Symmetry-dependent plasmon-molecule coupling and quantized photoconductances 

      Song, Peng; Meng, Sheng; Nordlander, Peter; Gao, Shiwu (2012)
      We investigate photoinduced electron transport through nanoparticle dimers connected by linear and ringlike molecules. The two model junctions exhibit similar absorption but distinct photoconductance. The linear-chain junction ...